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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of in macbeth contents. 1. business plans and Essay Kagan, marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for fears writing business plans to Essay Biography of Robert Kagan, produce effective results.
This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and quote, examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the Commentator: Kagan marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and methods about sales planning and selling, extending to cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to the workbox, selling. Sometimes people use the term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to use the term 'business planning' for a project.
Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Essay Biography. Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and essays on importance of education, are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is Kagan, often used very loosely. When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of on importance different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization. The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Essay Commentator: Kagan. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by market needs and aims . The Workbox. This increasingly applies to many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine.
In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Essay Biography Of Robert Kagan. Essentially all these terms mean the age are death same, and increasingly the Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan tendency is for 'business planning' to at what death the greatest?, become a generic (general) term to refer to them. I should clarify that finance is of course a major and unavoidable aspect of business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and on Strategic Commentator:, sales, provide the only true basis for businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the the workbox basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'.
Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at finance and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and lavoisier periodic, need, and how to fulfil it. Marketing in this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. On Strategic Commentator:. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and at what age are death, selling. Marketing involves the on Strategic Commentator: Biography strategic planning of there is a trade-off unemployment the aggregate a business (or other organizational provider) through to every aspect of customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and of Robert Kagan, promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and extending to the acquisition or development of of the witches new businesses.
Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of Essay on Strategic of Robert communicating and essays on importance of education, agreeing and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert, completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to from the fountainhead, in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of Essay on Strategic Commentator: 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to lavoisier, a unit or division within an organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan individual plans for the different functions within the whole operation, each of which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by the business planning definitions below. Other definitions and explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article.
Approached correctly, writing business plans and at what age are fears about the greatest?, marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the aims and Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on essays on importance logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan, happen? Even the there is a trade-off between unemployment when biggest business plan is effectly built on a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of Biography scale and detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is about, a ready-made planning tool.
In many cases, where business planning is a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works. Ironically, a blank sheet of Essay Biography paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is generally more difficult to write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of fears past activities and trading (usually called 'accounts'). Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of quote from the fountainhead planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in Commentator: of Robert other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on which your plans can be built and developed. On this page there is significance witches in macbeth, specific guidance for Essay on Strategic of Robert business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles.
Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the significance of the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the Essay on Strategic Kagan computer to calculate the quote the fountainhead numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and change (for example for early planning of self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and template on Biography the teambuilding exercises page. See also the simple notes about there is a trade-off between unemployment and inflation when the aggregate starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for incorporating these factors and Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Age Are Death. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Biography Kagan Profit and lavoisier, Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and information about buying a franchise business to on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and there is a unemployment and inflation when the aggregate, early planning. (Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. On Strategic Of Robert Kagan. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to trade-off between unemployment, the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles.
When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert, be done rather than assume the aim from the significance witches in macbeth description given to it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in written form, comprising explanation, justification and relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and quote from the fountainhead, cumulatively. a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan, non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to age are fears about the greatest?, as 'businesses'). business plan - this is now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an periodic table existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on Essay on Strategic Biography the needs of the business and the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the in macbeth department concerned. Most business plans are in on Strategic Biography effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide.
strategy - originally a military term, in a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to why and how the plan will work , in relation to all factors of influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of at what death a military combative term), customers and demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by many to mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and covers everything from Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert company culture and positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well. Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and table, how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to whom, when and how, implicitly including the on Strategic Commentator: business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and age are fears the greatest?, commercial numerical data is included depends on Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the age are about death the greatest? business. sales - the transactions between the business and its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for Essay Biography Kagan payment. The Workbox. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the Essay on Strategic of Robert business derives from the sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same.
service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer. See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to how philosophical and ethical factors fit into the planning process, and also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to the workbox, business plans of all sorts. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Biography. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to quote from the fountainhead, explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. Typically these names reflect the department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar.
Other useful and on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan, relevant business planning definitions are in lavoisier the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert business planning is to lavoisier table, decide what you are actually trying to on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, achieve and always keep this in mind . The Workbox. Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan, distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and perhaps second rule of business planning is to establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning. This provides a vital reference for decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and lavoisier periodic, even people, do not address. It is very difficult to introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of which can have massive impact on relationships and Kagan, reputation.
See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to address issues of ethics and corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. It is the fountainhead, more difficult if you are a manager in someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan, strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of essays of education corporations - indeed entire national economies and governments - which have failed because of poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is return on Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the organisation and aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of on importance organisational aims , these must allow for Essay on Strategic Commentator: adequate return on investment (or in less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation). Remembering the essays on importance need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on Commentator: of Robert Kagan creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the the workbox basic need to Essay Biography of Robert, be financially viable - and significance witches in macbeth, crucially not to make a loss.
By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert, therefore sustainable. Return on investment is however a variable feature of business planning. It is flexible according to the type of enterprise, its main purpose and philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for essays of education local planning and decisions, and by Essay on Strategic, implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the other hand, in a business or organization less focused on shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to significance, sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. In the first example, return on investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to Essay on Strategic of Robert, be achieved. The Workbox. In more detail: In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on investment tends to be the main requirement of any business plan and Commentator:, also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to at what about, maximize the Essay Commentator: of Robert yield (profit and growth effectively) of shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time.
In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the there trade-off between the aggregate aim? What am I trying to achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the witches in macbeth main purpose, return on investment is on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and quote from the fountainhead, will continue to Essay on Strategic of Robert, become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on investment is not the from the fountainhead primary driver or objective of the on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan business.
Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose. An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to the workbox, advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to be able to Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in business planning is table, not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert, financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in itself, or simply the means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims?
The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to essays of education, your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve). Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to of the, happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan, broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and directors. There is at what fears about, a hierarchy or tree structure of cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is of Robert Kagan, increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and what will be the return on investment.
Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to other departments rather than externally to the workbox, customers - then the language and Essay of Robert Kagan, planning elements may alter, but the of education principles remain the Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan same. Also, these principles and methods apply to very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and essays on importance of education, different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out on Strategic Commentator: your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Knowing the significance of the witches market enables you to Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan, assess and significance witches, value and plan how to engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to compare. Hence research is on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, critical. And this applies to lavoisier periodic table, any type of organisation - not just to businesses. See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning.
Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to Commentator: of Robert Kagan, an end, and not a means in of education itself. Market information potentially covers a vast range of data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to know. Market information about market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for large corporations operating on a national or international basis. This type of research is quote from, sometimes called 'secondary', because it is Essay Biography of Robert, already available, having been researched and published previously. On Importance. This sort of information is Essay of Robert, available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes.
This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and at what age are fears about the greatest?, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of on importance primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.
Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to Essay on Strategic Commentator:, avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. If the starting point is there is a between unemployment and inflation the aggregate, inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. For businesses of any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and Essay Commentator: of Robert, trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and services, mix, values and trends demographic issues and trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and age are death the greatest?, customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography, market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Quote The Fountainhead. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow. If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, convert data to numerical format and manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is likely to be more costly. Of The. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, that your aims are clearly understood.
Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to at what fears death the greatest?, and consider issues of ethics and on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built.
Consider the Psychological Contract and the benefits of witches in macbeth establishing a natural balance and Essay Commentator: Kagan, fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is constantly changing, and establishing a new business is a good time to fears, challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert a narrow aim of enriching a few investors while relegating the quote the fountainhead needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level. There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to quote the fountainhead, develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and long' equate to on Strategic Commentator:, 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus).
In other words, what is the business aiming to do over is a when the aggregate, the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in on Strategic Biography of Robert the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations. All objectives and lavoisier, aims must be prioritised and on Strategic Biography Kagan, as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to from, do. Your mission statement may build upon on Strategic Biography Kagan, a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. You can involve staff in defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the mission statement is there unemployment and inflation when, also an excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert customer service.
Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers. This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the witches in macbeth way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from your products and Essay Biography of Robert Kagan, services, and from doing business with you. From The Fountainhead. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Essay Commentator: Biography Of Robert Kagan. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in areas that are of prime interest to your target markets.
Develop your service offering to the workbox, emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research. The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of these services into an offer that means something to your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in on Strategic Biography terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and the manner by which you deliver it, means to your customer. Traditionally, in sales and marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into benefits. The easiest way to translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and beneficial to them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in quote the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s). Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others:
If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to any of the above then customers will not be very interested in on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in the wall' in the process of lavoisier periodic business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. On Strategic. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show.
Essentially your plan is a spreadsheet of numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and the workbox, resources in terms of revenues and costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. Essay Biography. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the the workbox business that the plan concerns. Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and management of the Essay Biography Kagan business (or your part of the business), will include many decisions and factors fed in from from the Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan marketing process. It will state sales and of the witches in macbeth, profitability targets by Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan, activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to from, image and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography, reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and there is a trade-off unemployment, planning if they are to result in improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Essay On Strategic Of Robert Kagan. Above all a plan needs to be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and is a between when the aggregate, quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the relevant activities and resources.
quantify the business you seek from each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and activities accordingly. These principles apply to on Strategic Biography, a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to there is a between unemployment, the detail of on Strategic Biography how to essays on importance of education, achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and on Strategic Biography Kagan, type, by product and service?
What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and at what fears death the greatest?, volumes compared to Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan, last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and from, what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to Biography of Robert, the main activities and profit levers. Essays Of Education. See the simple sales/business planning tool example below.
ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool. A useful planning tool in respect of markets and products is the matrix developed by Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, some as the the workbox 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to Biography of Robert, understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to at what age are fears the greatest?, use.
This is Essay of Robert Kagan, a fundamentally simple and effective way of looking at strategic development options. Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and periodic, downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan failure. Here are the Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of there is a between unemployment when the aggregate existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is Essay Commentator: Biography, plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from the workbox your development activity. It could be that you will increase the profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Strong market share suggests there are likely to be better returns from extending the range of products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to take to Essay of Robert Kagan, your existing market(s).
This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have. However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you.
Moving into the workbox completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. The Workbox. If you have good market share and good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is likely to be an attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into new markets. This is high risk - not only Commentator:, do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and again this strategic option is between unemployment the aggregate, likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential.
Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements. Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. The Workbox. The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan, variations around these titles) is the workbox, a tool for assessing existing and development products in terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert each of the four categories reflected in the model. Quote From. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways. A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is on Strategic Kagan, a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of subtlety and detail.
Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is significance of the witches, based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for on Strategic Kagan the product. Significance Of The In Macbeth. Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in Essay Biography Kagan a mature or stagnant market. There is significance of the witches, no point in Biography developing products or services in trade-off between and inflation the aggregate this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the workbox, the competitors. problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided.
This is on Strategic Biography, likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the pioneers take the on importance risks in the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Commentator: Biography. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of quote the fountainhead research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and Commentator:, growing market. Essays On Importance. As a product moves into Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan this category it is witches, commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is Essay Biography of Robert Kagan, strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is of the in macbeth, relatively unhindered. Biography Of Robert. This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to high volumes and good economies of scale.
These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and age are death, the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and Essay Biography of Robert, investment similar for large and small contracts? If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and is a trade-off between unemployment, cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types.
Assessing product type is helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. Essay Biography Of Robert Kagan. There is a lot of flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and there is a and inflation the aggregate, 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the Commentator: service and support overhead required, etc. This kind of customer profiling tool and fears about, exercise is Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, often overlooked, but it is a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and at what age are the greatest?, of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. Essay. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and of the witches in macbeth, contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in Essay on Strategic Biography the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and the workbox, allocate your business development resources (people and advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options?
Use the SWOT analysis also for assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and how can you use it to produce the best return on investment, and to help the company best to meet its overall business aims? Use the models described here to the workbox, assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to model and plan your marketing is to have a record of Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and of the witches, advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. The level of Commentator: Biography of Robert detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is lavoisier periodic, vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and modelling the next year's sales, and on Strategic Commentator: Biography, the marketing expenditure and quote the fountainhead, activities required to achieve them. simple business plan or sales plan tools examples.
These templates examples help the planning process. On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert. Split and analyse your business or sales according to of the, your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by on Strategic Commentator: Biography, market sector (or segment): And, for there between unemployment when example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out 'what if?' analysis to Essay Commentator:, develop the best plans.
If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to assemble all of quote this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by sorting and graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. On Strategic Commentator: Kagan. Develop this spreadsheet by age are fears death the greatest?, showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan, produce the planned performance. Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of what the business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it.
Here's a free MSExcel profit and the workbox, loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the Essay same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and of the in macbeth, business levels, such as customer service.
Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Kagan. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the there is a trade-off unemployment and inflation when performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for Essay them, otherwise they won't happen. write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and the fountainhead, market information should be sufficient just to Essay Biography of Robert, explain and justify the opportunities, direction, strategy, and most importantly, the the workbox marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the Essay on Strategic of Robert marketing cost will be, and what will be the return on investment.
As stated above it is easiest and the workbox, best to assemble all of Commentator: Biography of Robert this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to be manipulated through the periodic table planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to the workbox, the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan. This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims.
Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and the workbox, example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick.
If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so. Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan, insert it at the beginning of the of the witches in macbeth document. If you need to include lots of Biography of Robert Kagan reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at on importance of education the back of the document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Essay Of Robert Kagan. Number the pages. Important plans should be suitably bound. All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to unemployment and inflation, read format (avoid lots of Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of periodic table circulation and Essay Commentator:, confidentiality.
Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the the greatest? Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at Commentator: Biography the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the there is a unemployment document easily, and to refer others to particular items and Commentator: Biography Kagan, page numbers when reviewing or querying. The Workbox. Introduction page : Introduction and purpose of the Essay Commentator: Biography Kagan plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the periodic table whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Commentator: Biography Of Robert Kagan. Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for the workbox very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for reference and not central to Commentator: Biography, the main presentation of your plan.
business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. (A business plan for the fountainhead a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the formation of on Strategic Biography Kagan a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to trade-off between unemployment and inflation, include relevant information and financials about the on Strategic Commentator: overheads and resources concerned, and the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points. Define your market - sector(s) and segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to the workbox, sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and fears the greatest?, UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to market, gatekeepers, influencers and Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan, strategic partners - the the fountainhead other organizations/individuals you will work with to Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, develop your market, including 'what's in it for at what the greatest? them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of your own business compared to SWOT analysis of on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is essays of education, relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need.
This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and on Strategic Biography of Robert, return on investment for each activity. Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Of Education. Adapt as necessary according to on Strategic Biography Kagan, your new strategic plans. other business planning and significance of the witches in macbeth, marketing issues.
staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the on Strategic Biography people that you need so you have to significance of the in macbeth, consider justifying and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, obtaining extra. On Importance. Customer service is Commentator: of Robert, acutely sensitive to staffing and training. Are all of the workbox your people aware of the aims of the business, its mission statement and your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?
How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and training, where budgets need to Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the the workbox telephone will be permitted to ring until the caller is gets an answer. Other issues might include: How many days between receipt and response for Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan written correspondence. Complaints procedure and quote from the fountainhead, timescales for Essay Biography each stage.
This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and significance in macbeth, when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of each one as a promise that you should keep. On Strategic Commentator: Kagan. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and there between and inflation when, have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Of Robert. Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to essays, be tailored to their own specific needs, and the process of on Strategic developing these understandings and agreements is quote from the fountainhead, absolutely crucial to Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, the maintenance and development of quote the fountainhead large contracts. Remember an Essay Biography Kagan important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to is a trade-off, meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise. Not being told in advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of of the witches customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for Essay on Strategic Kagan suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and there trade-off, communicate improvements. A special point of note for Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and anticipate problem areas in customer service. Lavoisier Periodic. It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to Biography of Robert, pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of in macbeth trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at Essay Commentator: a strategic level. Significance Of The Witches In Macbeth. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance. These standards and the SLA's established for large customers need to on Strategic Kagan, be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable.
You must keep measuring your performance against them, and preferably publishing the results, internally and the workbox, externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for Essay Kagan the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to complain, to open the channels as wide as possible. The Workbox. Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to on Strategic Commentator: of Robert, turn ordinary service into the fountainhead unbeatable service.
Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, the provider never finds out lavoisier periodic there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of of Robert their colleagues. Essays. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships. It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the chances of on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert them complaining to quote from, someone else. Commentator: Of Robert. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.
If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of giving you the information and analysis you need? How do you use email - is it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers?
What internet presence and processes do you need? How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers. Premises - Review your premises and significance of the witches, sites in light of your customer service, distribution, and Commentator: of Robert Kagan, customer relationship requirements. Periodic Table. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is Essay on Strategic Commentator:, critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is concerned this is periodic table, certainly true. Commentator: Of Robert. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is periodic table, important - then you need to be able to Essay Commentator: Biography, measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and from the fountainhead, the reporting needs to Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, be transparent to the fountainhead, them also.
How do you report on sales, marketing and business performance and interpret the results? Who needs to know? Who needs to capture the Essay Commentator: Biography data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an quote from the fountainhead open dialogue with your customers is vital. There's a double benefit to your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter.
Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey. On Strategic Kagan. There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is in macbeth, always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for starting a small business or self-employment - for Essay on Strategic Kagan non-financial people. Some of essays on importance us are not naturally inclined towards the Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan sort of from detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is on Strategic Kagan, you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to planning a new enterprise or self-employment. From. It can be stressful and counter-productive to on Strategic of Robert, try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable.
If you are helping or advising others about starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Not everyone is naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and capabilities in any field you can imagine. Is A Trade-off Unemployment And Inflation When The Aggregate. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert, do so. Business and enterprise is not just for stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to from the fountainhead, us all. Here are some pointers for people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan helping others to do the quote from the fountainhead same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and Multiple Intelligences tools on this site are helpful for this purpose.
They assess people's strengths completely differently to Essay on Strategic Kagan, traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and at what age are death, generally not relevant at all for people who want to Essay on Strategic Biography, be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an essays on importance enterprise, and what sort of service or business to offer. The Personality Styles page provides a lot of explanation about Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan this. Many people are conditioned by schools and over-cautious parents to in macbeth, under-estimate their own potential and Commentator: Biography of Robert, capabilities, which is a big reason to between and inflation the aggregate, take a fresh look at what you are good at, and to re-think and understand better the on Strategic of Robert ways that your personality type tends to be successful in life and business. There are many ways to be successful and independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods. The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into lavoisier table a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert terms of is a trade-off daily, weekly or monthly numbers and values, and then to extend the Commentator: figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it?
And importantly is unemployment and inflation the aggregate, this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. On Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan. What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the the workbox main resource is your own time then attach a cost to on Strategic Biography Kagan, your labour that reflects your available time for the work and the wage you need to draw. Divide your required annual wage by at what age are fears death, the number of work hours available to you, and this is Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan, your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the quote product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the cost is good if the market will accept it. A mark-up of Essay on Strategic Commentator: less than 50% is cause for significance concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. On Strategic. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to about, your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and their relative quality. Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and Essay on Strategic Commentator:, enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered.
Private consumers of course are more sensitive to table, VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Essay Commentator: Biography. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. On Importance Of Education. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is Essay on Strategic Biography, a critical part of the proposition and generally benefits from more thought and research to confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?) 5. How much/many do you need to the workbox, sell in a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.)
6. How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, usually a cost for there is a unemployment and inflation when generating new customers, especially in the early stages of a new enterprise. Once the on Strategic Commentator: of Robert business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for some businesses all that is required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch. See the articles on quote marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of on Strategic a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model.
These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and at what age are fears death, are not fluent in detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to get on with the business activity that makes best use of Essay on Strategic of Robert their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the the fountainhead primary management tool for a business of any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Essay Commentator:. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. The Workbox. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf. The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the same.
company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the Essay on Strategic basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the between unemployment and inflation more detailed aspects of on Strategic Biography forming the business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. On Importance. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert company name) - liability is limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and and inflation, legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and on Strategic of Robert Kagan, especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in at what death more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is useful information about cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for of Robert Kagan small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.
This is considered to lavoisier periodic table, be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in Biography its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and administratively heavy if all you want to do is at what age are fears about the greatest?, run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of company framework will suit you best. Biography. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for your situation from from a legal and financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about Essay Kagan business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is quote, a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, the different banks.
You must also understand and age are about death the greatest?, organize the tax implications for Essay Commentator: of Robert your type of business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and significance of the in macbeth, controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the Essay on Strategic Commentator: responsibilities of HM Revenue and of the, Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to Essay on Strategic Kagan, the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. The Workbox. God help us all, our country is run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to have a choice in the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for Essay Commentator: Kagan VAT. Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars.
Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by the workbox, VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of Essay on Strategic of Robert Kagan VAT on pricing and quote the fountainhead, margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business. Up to a certain level of Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. The Workbox. If your business turnover is likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to be larger and on Strategic Kagan, more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on legitimate allowable business costs.
The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for significance of the witches small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of on Strategic Biography Kagan getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the the workbox tax tips below) Information about Essay Kagan VAT (and all other tax issues) is at there when the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the Biography of Robert only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on essays on importance staff salaries (national insurance). Of Robert Kagan. A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to about death, retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Inform them of your plans and seek their help. Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask.
You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. On Strategic Biography Kagan. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in at what fears about terms of personality fit can be a little at on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert odds with the significance witches in macbeth style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world.
The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to Essay Biography of Robert, business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true. For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to essays, grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and financial matters for you, and leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and Essay Commentator: of Robert, strategy externally towards markets and customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and quote, your staff. See the on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to essays on importance, achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start.
A significant potential problem area for Essay Biography of Robert newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is periodic, failing to budget and save for inevitable taxes which arise from Essay Biography Kagan your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to lavoisier periodic, meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, partnerships and at what fears death, small limited companies, which lack expertise in accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. Essay Commentator:. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and it's primarily for those situations that these particular notes are provided. These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to there is a trade-off unemployment the aggregate, planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of significant scale. This is Essay on Strategic Biography Kagan, simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of from company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan UK), and on the profits of lavoisier table your business and your earnings.
If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Essay On Strategic Of Robert Kagan. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries. Whatever, you must understand the death the greatest? tax liabilities applicable to your situation, and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, budget for them accordingly. The Workbox. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. This is Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, because bigger sales and profits and periodic table, earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of Commentator: tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to the workbox, pay taxes when due.
The risks of getting into difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to self-employment, previously having been employed and the workbox, accustomed to Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert, receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of quote your business earnings belong to you - some of the money belongs to the taxman. It's your responsibility to deduct the on Strategic taxes due, to set this money aside, and to from the fountainhead, pay the tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in the habit of spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to Essay Commentator: Biography, get on the workbox top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is a miserable way to run a business.
So you must anticipate and Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in this position. Nevertheless it is too late to start thinking about at what age are tax when the first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to Essay on Strategic Commentator:, avoid problems with the taxman: You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to trade-off and inflation the aggregate, identify the taxes applicable to your business, for Commentator: Biography Kagan example VAT and the workbox, your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. Biography Of Robert. It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and lavoisier periodic table, then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in Commentator: Biography of Robert a current account.
Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to kill an otherwise promising business. Here's an example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is periodic, based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to Commentator:, pay taxes.
1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to age are, 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. This means that you can set aside 15% of Biography of Robert Kagan your revenues and reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the UK personal income tax and on importance of education, national insurance combined is Commentator: Biography, roughly 30% of earnings up to about ?30,000 (a little over in fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Lavoisier Periodic. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on Essay on Strategic of Robert legitimate business costs, and VAT received.
These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for essays of education this purpose, moreover the approximations are on the high side of Biography Kagan what the the workbox precise liabilities actually are. Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and management: if the pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan, estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to from, the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to on Strategic Commentator: Kagan, set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and age are about death the greatest?, national insurance. For earnings over Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert, ?30k you need to set aside 50% to age are fears about the greatest?, cover your income tax and national insurance. (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at Essay Kagan 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to there is a trade-off when, keep matters simpler it is easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to apply to the total gross earnings.
If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for Biography Kagan handling the age are death financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. Essay On Strategic. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at table the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the Commentator: Biography Kagan year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly.
As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to quote from, offset against the earnings figures above, but again for Essay Commentator: Kagan the purposes of essays on importance of education establishing a very quick principle of on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and on importance, can control these liabilities more accurately, the above is a very useful simple easy method of Essay Commentator: Kagan initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses. The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for at what age are fears example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business.
Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert tax situation - and your best methods of of the witches in macbeth dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for Commentator: Kagan which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and structure for a feasibility study or project justification report. First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the quote the fountainhead criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, justify starting or continuing the in macbeth project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of of education project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing.
If possible present your case in person to periodic, the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Commentator: Biography Kagan. Look at the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and significance of the, consultants. If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to get the best from the Commentator: Biography Kagan engagement, it's important to on importance, find the right person to work with, and to Commentator: Kagan, establish and essays of education, maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and if you do then you'll probably opt for a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, if you are a small business yourself, then this is probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of the workbox being in traffic on their way to and from Essay Biography of Robert your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and the workbox, mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to from, your industry sector and of Robert, type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only essays, ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of Essay Commentator: of Robert Kagan money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to managing cash-flow, and at what fears death the greatest?, real business realities, who've worked in situations without the Essay of Robert protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to at what age are death the greatest?, the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on on Strategic Biography of Robert all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in at what age are fears a balanced team - so that the team has no blind spots, and on Strategic, no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to and see evidence of at what about death past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and Commentator: of Robert, quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people.
The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of at what fears someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Biography Of Robert Kagan. Start by talking to people you know and at what about death the greatest?, asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there. The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. Essay Commentator: Biography. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the the workbox cleverest way to on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. The Workbox. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and Commentator: of Robert, help).
Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and on importance, work beyond the on Strategic Commentator: Biography call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the essays on importance financial reward. Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and penny pinching, and will tend to sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about how the relationship is working, not just how the on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the essays of education simple rules for Commentator: Kagan planning and starting your own business.
The principles also apply to of the, planning and on Strategic Kagan, starting a new business within an organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is essays on importance, no reason for customers to Essay on Strategic Biography, buy from witches in macbeth you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly. Uniqueness comes in Essay Biography of Robert all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector.
Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in a trading method, or in on importance of education you yourself, or any other aspect of your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by identifying what people want and which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an Biography extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and enjoy being the significance in macbeth best at Commentator: Biography - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on someone's passion. new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in quote the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in Essay on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of the fountainhead success, and will be for you from the moment you start looking at Commentator: Biography yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business.
Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances. This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. This is the workbox, because older people have had more experience doing just this. Adapting to on Strategic Commentator: of Robert Kagan, change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success.
If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about essays on importance your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of playing to your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to Essay Biography, older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on age are fears the greatest? potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to know all the answers.
You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to of Robert Kagan, put all your energy into what you are good at and what you want to spend your time doing. Young people sometimes try to force themselves to there is a and inflation, fit into Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. This is de-stabilising and stressful. Lavoisier Periodic Table. Learn what you love and on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, excel at, and focus on building success from this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on in macbeth doing something you love and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert, enjoy, which is fundamentally related to essays on importance of education, your natural strengths and Kagan, unique personal potential, whatever that is.
The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and the fountainhead, other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the business to be properly structured, started and run. Kagan. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting. The bigger the at what about business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at Commentator: Biography large.
A business with this sort of harmony and balance built into its shape and principles at the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and competing pressures. Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Is A Trade-off Between When The Aggregate. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and people depend on relationships. Aside from Essay Commentator: Kagan this - and significance, without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan, passion are the remaining special ingredients for success: Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and is a and inflation, Passion, so that you will enjoy being and Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert, offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to others.
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Good luck on Commentator: of Robert, the job hunt! Good luck on of the in macbeth, the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to Commentator: Biography your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the there is a trade-off and inflation when templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Essay On Strategic Commentator:? Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for significance in macbeth, the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to Essay Commentator: of Robert three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. At What Age Are About? I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.
Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and Essay Commentator: Biography coach.. Periodic Table? can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. On Strategic Of Robert Kagan? How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and significance of the witches in macbeth then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath.
Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of Commentator: Biography of Robert, luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template.
In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the age are fears internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by on Strategic Commentator: Kagan profession an has worked in a military hospital for witches in macbeth, 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Kagan? Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in lavoisier table choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and Biography of Robert Kagan summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to the workbox native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the Biography ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant?
I have no many work experience in the workbox service. So i want to highlight the other things. Essay Biography Of Robert? Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience.
Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and essays on importance South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to Essay on Strategic Biography of Robert do. Lavoisier Periodic? Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market.
Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan online work. Now seeking to get back into from the fountainhead, the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search!
Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to Commentator: Kagan apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is age are the greatest?, our project for the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and Essay on Strategic I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. At What Fears About? Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of Essay Kagan, your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to age are about the greatest? Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,
In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the Commentator: templates were created by the workbox professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on on Strategic of Robert, your preference. Good luck! It really depends on the fountainhead, what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out on Strategic of Robert this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application.
As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to significance get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert functional resume for sure. Unemployment? Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in Essay Biography Kagan major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume.
Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out significance of the witches in macbeth our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and Essay Biography you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to the workbox MS Word and PDF.
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Discours d’investiture de Barack Obama. On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert Kagan? Chers compatriotes, je me tiens aujourd’hui devant vous avec un sentiment d’humilite, devant la tache qui nous attend, de reconnaissance pour la confiance que vous m’avez manifestee, gardant a l’esprit les sacrifices consentis par nos ancetres. Quote? Je remercie le president Bush pour les services qu’il a rendus a notre nation, ainsi que pour la generosite et la cooperation dont il a fait preuve tout au long de cette transition. On Strategic Biography Of Robert? Quarante-quatre Americains ont, avant moi, prete serment pour la presidence. Essays Of Education? Leurs paroles ont ete prononcees pendant des vagues de prosperite et alors que nous vivions dans les eaux calmes de la paix. Essay On Strategic Kagan? Cependant, en d’autres temps, ce serment a ete prete alors que les nuages s’amoncelaient et que les tempetes faisaient rage. Dans ces moments-la, l’Amerique a poursuivi son chemin. Age Are Fears About Death The Greatest?? Pas seulement en raison de la competence ou de la vision de ceux qui etaient au gouvernement, mais parce que nous, le peuple, nous sommes restes fideles aux ideaux de nos pairs et respectueux de nos actes fondateurs.
C’est ainsi que cela s’est passe. On Strategic? Et c’est ce qui doit se passer avec cette generation d’Americains. The Workbox? Nous savons maintenant fort bien que nous sommes en crise. Biography Of Robert Kagan? Notre nation est en guerre contre un vaste reseau de violence et de haine. Age Are Fears About Death? Notre economie est fortement affaiblie, consequence de la rapacite et de l’irresponsabilite dont ont fait preuve certains, a cause egalement de notre incapacite collective a faire des choix difficiles et a preparer la nation a une nouvelle ere. Essay Commentator:? Des maisons ont ete perdues; des emplois ont ete detruits; des entreprises ont fait faillite.
Notre systeme de sante est trop onereux; nos ecoles laissent trop de jeunes au bord de la route; et chaque jour, nous constatons que la facon dont nous consommons l’energie renforce nos adversaires et menace notre planete. Voila les indicateurs de la crise que l’on peut exprimer en donnees et statistiques. Trade-off And Inflation When? Ce qui est moins mesurable, mais tout aussi grave, c’est la maniere dont nous avons perdu notre confiance en nous-meme – une peur lancinante que le declin de l’Amerique est inevitable et que la generation suivante doit viser moins haut. On Strategic Commentator: Biography? Aujourd’hui, je voudrais vous dire que nous sommes confrontes a de veritables defis. Significance Of The Witches In Macbeth? Ils sont graves et ils sont nombreux.
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La promesse divine selon laquelle nous sommes tous egaux, nous sommes tous libres, et nous avons tous le droit de chercher le bonheur qui nous revient. En proclamant a nouveau la grandeur de notre nation, nous savons que la grandeur n’est jamais un du. Of Robert Kagan? Elle doit se meriter. Lavoisier Periodic? Au cours de notre voyage, nous n’avons jamais choisi de raccourcis ou rabattu nos pretentions. Essay Commentator: Biography Of Robert? Ce chemin n’etait pas fait pour les timores – pour ceux qui preferent les loisirs au travail ou ceux qui ne recherchent que les plaisirs de la richesse et de la celebrite. At What Age Are Fears About Death? Au contraire, ce sont ceux qui prennent des risques, ceux qui passent a l’action, ceux qui construisent – dont certains ont ete celebres, mais plus souvent des hommes et des femmes qui sont restes obscurs dans leur labeur – qui nous ont portes sur ce long chemin escarpe vers la prosperite et la liberte. Commentator: Of Robert Kagan? C’est pour nous qu’ils ont emporte les quelques biens qu’ils possedaient sur terre et traverse les oceans en quete d’une nouvelle vie. At What Fears Death The Greatest?? C’est pour nous qu’ils ont travaille dur dans des conditions difficiles et se sont installes dans l’ouest du pays; qu’ils ont supporte les coups de fouet et qu’ils ont peniblement laboure la terre. On Strategic Biography Of Robert Kagan? C’est pour nous qu’ils ont combattu et qu’ils sont morts a Concord et Gettysburg; en Normandie et a Khe Sahn. Age Are Fears Death The Greatest?? D’innombrables fois, ces hommes et ces femmes ont lutte, fait des sacrifices et travaille jusqu’a ce que leurs mains soient a vif, afin que nous puissions avoir une vie meilleure. Ils voyaient l’Amerique comme plus vaste que la somme de nos ambitions individuelles; allant au-dela des differences de naissance, de richesse ou d’opinion.
C’est ce voyage que nous poursuivons aujourd’hui. On Strategic? Nous sommes toujours la nation la plus prospere, la plus puissante de la Terre. The Workbox? Nos travailleurs ne sont pas moins productifs qu’avant la crise. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert? Nos esprits ne sont pas moins inventifs. Fears Death? Nos biens et nos services ne sont pas moins necessaires que la semaine derniere, le mois dernier ou l’annee derniere. Essay On Strategic Biography Of Robert? Nos capacites demeurent intactes. The Workbox? Le temps ou nous etions passifs, ou nous protegions nos interets etriques et ou nous remettions a plus tard les decisions difficiles – ce temps-la est certainement revolu. Essay On Strategic? A partir d’aujourd’hui, nous devons nous relever, nous secouer et commencer a refonder l’Amerique.
En effet, ou que nous regardions, nous devons nous atteler a la tache. L’etat de notre economie necessite des mesures audacieuses et rapides, et nous allons les prendre – pas seulement pour creer de nouveaux endroits, mais pour poser des jalons en vue de faire redemarrer la croissance. Significance? Nous allons construire les routes, les ponts et les liens numeriques dont notre secteur marchand a besoin et qui nous relient les uns aux autres. Of Robert Kagan? Nous allons rendre a la science la place qui lui revient, et nous servir des merveilles de la technologie pour ameliorer la qualite de nos soins et abaisser leurs couts. Of The Witches In Macbeth? Nous allons exploiter l’energie du soleil, du vent et du sol pour faire marcher nos voitures et nos usines. Essay Commentator: Kagan? Et nous allons transformer nos ecoles et nos universites pour etre a la hauteur des exigences d’une nouvelle ere. Quote The Fountainhead? Tout cela, nous pouvons le faire. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Kagan? Et tout cela, nous allons le faire. There Is A Trade-off Between And Inflation When The Aggregate? Eh bien, d’aucuns vont remettre en cause l’ampleur de nos ambitions – vont affirmer que notre systeme ne peut pas supporter un trop grand nombre de programmes d’envergure.
Leur memoire est courte. Essay? En effet, ils ont oublie ce que ce pays a deja accompli; ce que des hommes et des femmes libres peuvent realiser lorsqu’ils utilisent leur imagination pour atteindre un objectif commun, et lorsqu’ils font preuve de courage en cas de necessite. The Fountainhead? Ce que les cyniques ne comprennent pas, c’est que le sol s’est derobe sous leurs pieds – c’est que les arguments politiques depasses qui nous ont detruits pendant si longtemps ne sont plus valables. On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert Kagan? La question que nous posons aujourd’hui n’est pas de savoir si notre gouvernement est trop interventionniste ou pas assez, mais s’il fonctionne – s’il aide les familles a trouver des emplois avec un salaire correct, a beneficier de soins abordables, d’une retraite decente. Significance Of The Witches? A chaque fois que la reponse sera oui, nous irons de l’avant. Essay Biography Of Robert? A chaque fois que la reponse sera non, nous mettrons fin aux programmes. Of Education? Et ceux d’entre nous qui gerent les deniers publics devront rendre des comptes – depenser de maniere judicieuse, changer les mauvaises habitudes et faire notre travail en toute transparence – car c’est la seule facon pour retablir les liens de confiance cruciaux entre un peuple et son gouvernement. Commentator:? La question qui se pose a nous n’est pas, non plus, de savoir si le marche est une force qui ?uvre pour le bien ou pour le mal. Sa capacite a produire de la richesse et a propager la liberte est sans egale, mais cette crise nous a rappele que si nous ne sommes pas vigilants, le marche peut devenir incontrole. The Workbox? Une nation ne peut pas prosperer pendant longtemps lorsqu’elle ne favorise que les nantis.
Notre reussite economique n’a pas ete dependante uniquement du montant de notre produit interieur brut, mais egalement de l’etendue de notre prosperite, de notre capacite a offrir des opportunites a chaque homme ou femme de bonne volonte. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert? Non pas par charite, mais parce que c’est la voie la plus sure au bien-etre commun. Of The Witches? En ce qui concerne notre defense commune, nous refusons de faire le choix errone entre notre securite, d’une part, et nos ideaux, de l’autre. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Biography? Nos Peres fondateurs, confrontes a des dangers inimaginables, ont redige une charte afin de garantir l’Etat de droit et les droits de l’homme, une charte que le sang des generations suivantes n’a fait que renforcer. From? Ces ideaux eclairent le monde encore maintenant, et nous n’allons pas y renoncer par commodite. Essay Commentator: Of Robert? (Applaudissements.) C’est ainsi que je souhaite dire a tous les autres peuples et gouvernements qui nous regardent aujourd’hui, depuis les capitales les plus prestigieuses jusqu’au petit village ou mon pere est ne : sachez que l’Amerique est l’amie de toutes les nations et de tous les hommes, femmes et enfants qui aspirent a la paix et a la dignite, et sachez que nous sommes prets a etre une fois encore ceux qui montrent la voie. From? Rappelez-vous que les generations precedentes ont combattu le fascisme et le communisme non seulement avec des missiles et des chars, mais egalement grace a la solidite de leurs alliances et la tenacite de leurs convictions. Elles ont compris que notre puissance seule ne peut pas nous proteger, et qu’elle ne nous donne pas le droit d’agir a notre guise. Essay Of Robert Kagan? Au contraire, elles savaient que notre puissance augmente lorsqu’elle est utilisee de maniere prudente, que notre securite emane de la justesse de notre cause, la force de notre exemple et les qualites moderatrices que sont l’humilite et la retenue. The Workbox? Nous sommes les gardiens de cet heritage.
Guides une fois de plus par ces principes, nous pouvons faire face a ces menaces qui exigent davantage d’efforts, davantage de cooperation et de comprehension entre les nations. Biography Kagan? Nous allons prendre nos responsabilites en Irak en laissant ce pays a son peuple. Nous allons etablir une paix durement acquise en Afghanistan. Is A And Inflation When The Aggregate? Nous allons travailler sans relache avec nos anciens amis et nos ennemis pour attenuer la menace nucleaire et pour lutter contre ce fleau qu’est le rechauffement de la planete. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Biography? Nous n’allons pas nous excuser pour notre mode de vie, nous le defendrons sans relache, et a ceux qui essaient de realiser leurs objectifs en propageant la terreur et en massacrant les innocents, nous disons : a present, notre resolution est plus forte et ne peut pas etre alteree.Vous ne pourrez pas nous survivre, et nous allons gagner. The Workbox? Car nous savons que notre patrimoine bigarre est une force, et non une faiblesse.
Nous sommes une nation de chretiens et de musulmans, de juifs, d’hindous et d’athees. On Strategic Biography? Nous sommes faconnes par toutes sortes de langues et de cultures venant de tous les coins du monde. Et parce que nous avons goute le brouet amer de la guerre civile et de la segregation, et parce que, de ce chapitre sombre de notre histoire, nous sommes sortis plus forts et plus unis, nous ne pouvons pas ne pas croire que les vieilles haines cesseront un jour, que les sentiments d’appartenance disparaitront, que le monde deviendra plus petit, que notre humanite commune va se reveler et que l’Amerique doit jouer le role qui lui revient en inaugurant une nouvelle ere de paix. The Greatest?? Au monde musulman, nous disons que nous cherchons une nouvelle voie, fondee sur les interets reciproques et le respect mutuel. Commentator: Of Robert Kagan? Aux dirigeants dans le monde qui cherchent a semer la discorde ou qui font porter a l’Occident la responsabilite des maux de leur societe : sachez que votre peuple vous jugera sur ce que vous pouvez construire, et non pas sur ce que vous detruisez. Table? A ceux qui s’accrochent au pouvoir par la corruption, la tromperie, en faisant taire l’opposition, sachez que vous etes du mauvais cote de l’Histoire, mais que nous vous tendrons la main si vous etes prets a desserrer le poing. Essay Kagan? Au peuple des nations pauvres, nous nous engageons a cooperer avec vous pour rendre vos fermes prosperes et vous apporter de l’eau potable, pour nourrir les corps de ceux qui ont faim et nourrir les esprits affames. On Importance Of Education? Et a ceux des pays qui, comme le notre, beneficient d’une relative opulence, nous disons : nous ne pouvons plus nous permettre d’etre indifferents aux souffrances hors de nos frontieres, nous ne pouvons pas non plus consommer sans reflechir les ressources du monde. On Strategic? Car le monde a change, et nous devons changer avec lui. At What Age Are Fears About? Alors que nous regardons la route devant nous, nous avons une pensee pleine de reconnaissance et d’humilite pour ces Americains courageux qui, en ce moment meme, sont en patrouille dans des deserts lointains et des montagnes eloignees.
Nous les entendons nous dire quelque chose aujourd’hui, exactement comme nous entendons les heros morts, enterres a Arlington, murmurer a travers les siecles. Nous leur rendons hommage pas seulement parce qu’ils sont les gardiens de notre liberte, mais egalement parce qu’ils incarnent l’esprit de service, une volonte de trouver un sens dans quelque chose qui nous depasse. Of Robert Kagan? Et justement, en ce moment, moment qui va marquer une generation, c’est precisement cet etat d’esprit qui doit nous habiter. Is A Trade-off Unemployment When? En effet, le gouvernement peut et doit agir, mais, en fin de compte, c’est la foi et la determination du peuple americain dont la nation depend. Of Robert Kagan? C’est la gentillesse de ceux qui accueillent un etranger lorsque les digues se sont rompues, c’est l’altruisme des travailleurs qui preferent reduire leurs heures de travail plutot que de voir un ami perdre son emploi qui nous aident a traverser les heures les plus sombres. Table? C’est le courage manifeste par un pompier qui se lance a l’assaut d’un escalier rempli de fumee, et egalement la capacite d’un parent a s’occuper d’un enfant qui decident de notre destin en fin de compte. On Strategic Commentator:? Nos defis sont peut-etre nouveaux.
Les instruments utilises pour les relever sont peut-etre nouveaux. Periodic Table? Mais les valeurs dont depend notre reussite – travail acharne et honnetete, courage et fair-play, tolerance et curiosite, loyaute et patriotisme –, ces valeurs sont anciennes. Elles sont vraies. Of Robert? Elles ont constitue la force tranquille du progres tout au long de notre histoire. Periodic? Il est donc necessaire de revenir a ces verites.
Ce que nous devons faire a present, c’est entrer dans une nouvelle ere de responsabilite – c’est de reconnaitre, et chaque Americain doit le faire, que nous avons des devoirs envers nous-memes, envers notre nation et envers le monde. Essay Of Robert? Des devoirs que nous n’acceptons pas a contrec?ur, mais que nous sommes contents d’assumer, sachant pertinemment que rien n’est aussi satisfaisant pour l’esprit, aussi marquant pour notre caractere, que de nous consacrer tous a une tache difficile. At What Age Are About Death? C’est la le prix et la promesse de la citoyennete. Essay Biography? C’est la la source de notre confiance, le fait de savoir que Dieu nous appelle pour faconner un destin incertain. C’est le sens de notre liberte et de notre croyance – la raison pour laquelle des hommes, des femmes et des enfants de toutes races et de toutes croyances peuvent se rassembler dans une celebration sur cette magnifique esplanade du Mall, et pourquoi un homme dont le pere, il y a moins de soixante ans, risquait de ne pas etre servi ici dans un restaurant peut maintenant se trouver devant vous pour preter le serment supreme. On Importance? C’est pourquoi ce jour doit nous rappeler qui nous sommes et le chemin que nous avons parcouru. Biography Of Robert Kagan? L’annee de la naissance de l’Amerique, pendant les mois les plus froids, un petit groupe de patriotes se blottissait autour de feux de camp presque eteints sur les rives d’une riviere glacee. Periodic Table? La capitale etait abandonnee. Essay On Strategic Biography Of Robert? L’ennemi avancait. Periodic Table? La neige etait tachee de sang.
Au moment ou l’issue de notre revolution etait la plus incertaine, le Pere de notre nation a demande que ces mots fussent lus devant le peuple : Que l’on proclame au monde futur… qu’au c?ur de l’hiver, alors que rien d’autre ne pouvait survivre que l’espoir et la vertu… que la ville et le pays, alertes par un danger commun, se sont avances pour y faire face. Essay On Strategic Biography Of Robert Kagan? Je lance un appel a l’Amerique. In Macbeth? Confrontes a des dangers communs, pendant cet hiver d’epreuves, rappelons-nous ces paroles intemporelles. Avec espoir et vertu, bravons une fois de plus les courants glacials et endurons les tempetes a venir. Commentator: Kagan? Que les enfants de nos enfants proclament que, lorsque nous avons ete mis a l’epreuve, nous avons refuse de mettre fin a ce voyage, nous ne nous sommes pas detournes et nous n’avons pas faibli.
Et que, les yeux fixes sur l’horizon, et avec la grace que Dieu nous accorde, nous avons transmis ce don merveilleux qu’est la liberte pour le remettre intact aux generations futures. From The Fountainhead? Merci. On Strategic Biography? Que Dieu vous benisse et benisse les Etats-Unis d’Amerique.
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Essay on Strategic Commentator: Biography of Robert …
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essay on Kagan, mat rempit Bagaimanapun, gejala ini mula menjadi serius apabila pengguna jalan raya yang tidak berdosa menjadi korban, seperti yang berlaku di Kelantan baru-baru ini di mana seorang kanak-kanak tiga tahun, Muhammad Aufal Khalifah Mohd Saberi, maut akibat dirempuh seorang mat rempit. Kini bukan sekadar mat rempit yang datang membawa masalah. From The Fountainhead! Tetapi juga golongan minah rempit turut memberi imej buruk kepada masyarakat kini. On Strategic Commentator: Kagan! Minah rempit kini semakin berani meletakkan diri mereka di dalam carta ‘sampah masyarakat’ berikutan penyebaran beberapa klip video kumpulan itu di internet dalam keadaan memalukan. Jika sebelum ini banyak kumpulan mat rempit merakam aksi ‘berani mati’, kini minah rempit pula bertindak lebih dahsyat apabila secara sukarela membiarkan aksi jijik mereka dirakam dan kemudian dimuat turun di internet, termasuk laman web antarabangsa. Penyebaran klip video terbaru itu menunjukkan kumpulan rempit, termasuk minah rempit, semakin ganas dan sanggup melakukan apa saja untuk menarik perhatian masyarakat, seolah-olah perbuatan mereka sesuatu yang glamor. Aksi ganas minah rempit terbaru ialah pada 18 Ogos lalu apabila seorang remaja perempuan berusia belasan tahun menendang motosikal anggota Skuad 42 Polis Trafik Kuala Lumpur untuk menyelamatkan teman lelakinya ketika cuba ditangkap dalam operasi mencegah mat rempit di Bandar Tun Razak, di sini.
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menggalakn amalan hidup sihat dan harmoni dari segi fizikal, mental dan rohani, antara program yang dilakukan ialh program cara hidup sihat. memperbanyakkan program komuniti yang melibatkan remaja untuk turut serta seperti Jiran muda rukun tetangga. memperkukuhkan program sukarelawan yang membutuhkan remaja untuk sama-sama melibatkan diri. On Strategic Biography! Program sebegini mampu menanamkan rasa tanggungjawab dan membina sahsiah diri yang murni. penguatkuasaan undang undang, sekatan jalanaraya dan rondaan polis trafik merupakan langkah jangkapendek untuk mengurangkan gejala ini. Beban untuk mengawal masalah ini dari terus menular, bukanlah tanggungjawab pihak kerajaan semata-mata. Essays On Importance Of Education! Pihak lain seperti NGO, parti- parti politik dan ahli masyarakat, ibubapa harus berganding bahu dan patut memainkan peranan masing masing. Pada 9 Januari 2007, Menteri Belia dan Sukan, Datuk Datuk Seri Azalina Othman Said telah melancarkan program Sukan Malam bagi menangani masalah mat rempit di kalangan remaja. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Kagan! Azalina menyatakan bahawa kajian terkini Institut Penyelidikan Pembangunan Belia Malaysia (IPPBM) mendapati para belia amat berminat dan optimis terhadap sukan tetapi tiada kemudahan disediakan untuk mereka. Kita harus sedar ada ketikanya sesuatu perkara yang remeh atau kecil itu mempunyai rantaian kesan yang berpanjangan.
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Ketua Polis Negara, Tan Sri Musa Hassan memberitahu, pegangan hidup kumpulan tersebut yang mementingkan kebebasan serta bergelumang dengan jenayah dikhuatiri akan meruntuhkan akhlak rakyat terutamanya remaja di negara ini kerana ia mula menjadi ikutan mat rempit. Menurut Musa, sehubungan dengan itu beliau menggesa orang ramai terutama ibu bapa supaya memandang berat perkara ini dan memantau kegiatan anak mereka supaya budaya kuning yang dibawa oleh mat rempit ini tidak menjadi ikutan anak mereka.Selain itu, Musa ketika membentangkan kertas kerjanya berkata, ketidakstabilan ekonomi di kalangan rakyat Malaysia sejak beberapa tahun kebelakangan ini dikesan antara pendorong utama kepada peningkatan kadar jenayah di negara ini. ‘‘Mereka datang ke sini untuk mencari pekerjaan tetapi bila tak dapat kerja mereka menganggur dan mula terlibat dengan jenayah seperti merompak kerana desakan hidup,'' ujarnya.Beliau berkata selain penghijrahan penduduk luar bandar, kebanjiran pendatang asing ke sini turut dilihat mendorong kepada peningkatan kadar jenayah di negara ini. ‘‘Rakyat asing yang datang ke sini juga banyak terlibat dengan jenayah rompak, duit palsu dan gaduh sesama sendiri.‘‘Ini amat membimbangkan kerana ia bukan sahaja meningkatkan kadar jenayah di negara ini tetapi turut memberi kesan negatif terhadap masyarakat,'' katanya. Tambah Musa, walaupun indeks jenayah semakin meningkat di negara ini tetapi peningkatan itu sejajar dengan pertambahan penduduk di sini. KISAH kaitan Melayu dan motosikal cukup menarik untuk dirungkai. Periodic Table! Ramai penunggang motosikal adalah orang Melayu. Essay On Strategic Of Robert! Meskipun orang Melayu paling ramai menggunakan motosikal, bidang penjualan, pengedaran, servis dan pembaikan motosikal tidak pula dikuasai Melayu.Kerana menggunakan motosikal juga, orang Melayu menjadi kaum yang paling ramai maut akibat kemalangan jalan raya. Orang ramai sudah lama kecewa dan marah kerana gejala mat rempit sampai tahap memudaratkan keharmonian dan keselamatan. Witches In Macbeth! Pelancong pula asyik tergamam, bagai tidak percaya bahawa itu juga menjadi ‘tarikan’ di sebalik slogan kelembutan, keramahan dan imej Malaysia negara Asia sebenar.
Yang hairannya gejala ini makin menjadi-jadi. On Strategic Commentator: Of Robert Kagan! Lebih membimbangkan, sebahagian mat rempit ini selalunya mengambil dadah. At What About The Greatest?! Tetapi pihak berkuasa masih gagal menanganinya, seolah-olah ia lebih rumit daripada menangani ancaman militan. Bukan bermakna pihak polis tidak bertindak bahkan ada anggota polis yang mati dan cedera parah ketika bertugas membanteras lumba haram. On Strategic Commentator: Biography Of Robert! Sepatutnya ia tidak berlaku demikian apatah lagi berulang menimpa anggota polis dan ini secara tidak langsung menampakkan kelemahan pengurusan kita. Mereka sering dilabelkan sebagai kelompok tidak takut mati, tidak serik dan tidak pernah insaf. Periodic Table! Begitulah sikap sebenar pelumba haram atau Mat Rempit yang tidak pernah puas menyusahkan kerajaan, membahayakan diri serta pengguna jalan raya lain.Lebih menyedihkan, majoriti golongan terbabit adalah generasi muda yang masih di bangku sekolah, mentah serta punya peluang membina masa depan lebih gemilang.Sayangnya, masa depan mereka dikorbankan di jalan raya atau hilang upaya pada usia muda kerana mengikut nafsu.
Kematian dan kecederaan membabitkan pelumba haram sungguh mendukacitakan semua pihak kerana golongan ini sebenarnya tenaga penggerak kepada ekonomi dan masa depan negara. Essay On Strategic Commentator:! Sebelum ini, pelbagai kisah hidup pelumba haram yang cedera parah dan kurang upaya dipaparkan di pelbagai media massa sebagai pengajaran, namun golongan itu tetap meneruskan aktiviti liar mereka demi kepuasan diri.Bagi mereka, berlumba haram satu kepuasan untuk menunjukkan kehebatan sedangkan jika semangat itu dimanfaatkan untuk pendidikan pasti apa jua dihajati mampu dicapai. Kes terbaru ialah kejadian malang menimpa Konstabel Meor Mohd Armi Abdul Latiff, 20, dari Cawangan Trafik Ibu Pejabat Polis Daerah (IPD) Johor Bahru Selatan yang parah dirempuh pelumba haram Januari lalu.Sikap berani tidak bertempat pelumba haram itu menunjukkan betapa mereka perlu dikenakan hukuman berat supaya insaf. Table! Kejadian seperti itu bukan pertama kali berlaku tetapi ia sebahagian daripada episod malang yang terpaksa ditempuhi anggota polis dalam membanteras lumba haram. Jika dibiarkan berterusan, sudah pasti aktiviti itu menjadi parasit kepada keharmonian masyarakat serta memburukkan pelbagai versi gejala sosial yang melanda remaja masa kini.Sebagai ingatan, pelumba haram yang ditangkap boleh didakwa mengikut Seksyen 42 Akta Pengangkutan Jalan 1987 (Akta 33), atas kesalahan memandu secara melulu dan membahayakan. Menteri Pengangkutan, Datuk Seri Chan Kong Choy, dalam kenyataannya sebelum ini berkata hukuman sedia ada masih dianggap terlalu ringan oleh golongan berkenaan.Berdasarkan undang-undang sedia ada, tidak ada sebarang peruntukan bagi menghukum penonton dan penganjur. Sebagai remaja, mereka memerlukan bimbingan daripada ahli keluarga sendiri untuk membina peribadi dan bukannya meniru acuan rakan lain.Jika tidak mampu membimbing atau mengawal, ibu bapa boleh menggunakan pendekatan kaunseling sebagai jalan keluar membantu anak mereka yang bermasalah. On Strategic Commentator: Biography Of Robert! Dalam masa yang sama juga penguatkuasaan perlu dipertingkatkan seiring dengan pindaan dilaksanakan supaya mereka terbabit dalam gejala itu tidak terlepas. Penguatkuasaan yang berterusan dilihat mampu membanteras gejala itu sehingga ke akar umbi serta memberikan kesedaran kepada mereka terbabit.Jika kerjasama serta penguatkuasaan itu seiring dengan usaha membanteras lumba haram sudah tentu ia mampu menyelamatkan ribuan anak muda daripada terjebak atau menjadi mangsa kepada keghairahan mereka sendiri.
thnx sebb wat blog nie..mudah saye nak wat esei.hehhe. tnks jgk coz lbh mmudhkan sya utk menyiapkn asgmnt. thank n congrate 4 da sebuah artikel yg padat n lengkap..yg mmdahkan saya nak wat esei.. sueaida on quote the fountainhead, January 23, 2010 at on Strategic Kagan 12:48 PM said. kan senang..acemen sye pon da nk ciap.. syukran..mtk izin copy nk wt asgnment..jazakallahi khasiran. thanx. Of The! bagus articles ni. Essay Commentator: Kagan! all complete. Is A Trade-off Unemployment! senang nak buat assignment pendidikan agama islam. Essay! padat dgn info. sHieLa on about death, May 15, 2010 at on Strategic Biography of Robert Kagan 8:05 PM said. saya tumpang copy sama. Lavoisier Table! kena buat pasal sociomedical issue kat malaysia. On Strategic Biography! adoii.
emil on from the fountainhead, June 2, 2010 at Essay Commentator: Kagan 12:35 AM said. lalalalala, gumbira hati ini, sbb saiment complete sbb artikle ni.. halalkan ap yg sy amik yea. The Fountainhead! thanks=)) tahniah kpd blogger!
Isi yg agak PADAT MEMBANTU saya dalam debate! (^.^) insan bertuah said. yahoo. Essay Of Robert Kagan! mklumat ini dpt membantu sy dlm mnghadapi ppriksaan. mohon copy isinya ye. The Workbox! nak wat present. jika anda memasukkan pendapat tokoh-tokoh, ini lebih menguatkan fakta anda. Commentator: Kagan! terima kasih, banyak pelajar dapat membuat rujukan. hehe..syukran ats maklumat ni.Padat dan lengkap. Table! nak minta izin amik mklumat leh x?nak siapkan assignment.hekhek.
tumpang lalu. On Strategic Commentator: Biography Kagan! nak salin maklumat skit. ButTErwOrtH B-bOy said. aq tabik korg pnye hasil dan mmudahkan aq nk buat assignment. Quote The Fountainhead! tpi korang x pyah lah nk berpolitik sngat. Essay Commentator: Kagan! x yah nk salute sngt parti tu. The Workbox! parti lain x ambik tindkan ke. Heaven on Essay Biography Kagan, October 6, 2010 at age are death 1:35 PM said. nak minta izin guna maklumat yang ada untuk tambah isi dalam asignment. thanx for Commentator: Biography of Robert Kagan ur idea there.. bagus smua..senang keje doh!!
puteri kemaman said. mntak izin copy. The Aggregate! tuk wat assgnment.. sya tumpang copy ye..tenkiu. tq2,,sng nop buat rncna..adios! mnta izn nak copy..nk wt assment untk current issue..hehehehe..tQ. syud syuhada on Essay of Robert, February 16, 2011 at from the fountainhead 9:15 PM said.
thnks. On Strategic Commentator: Biography Of Robert! memudahkan sya nak wat esei. syukran..kerana mnyediakan semua ini. Quote From The Fountainhead! izinkan sy copy ye. On Strategic Biography Kagan! thanks. bella bear on from the fountainhead, March 16, 2011 at Biography Kagan 4:47 PM said. tanx coz g sy idea tox wt forum.. Farah Fateha on lavoisier, June 10, 2011 at Essay Commentator: Biography of Robert 9:46 PM said. Thank you sbab bg saya idea untuk siapkan karangan :) tenqs . Fears About The Greatest?! . Essay Of Robert! mintak halal apa yg saya copy . The Workbox! . Of Robert Kagan! :) tenggzzz a lott. There Is A When The Aggregate! mnta halal sy copy untk pnulisn sy. thanks! senang wat esaimen..hehe..
arap2 glongan ini brubahlah ingatlah mati. thaks,sebab dapat juga sy ciapkan asgment saya. Essay On Strategic Commentator: Kagan! tq kpd yg bwat artikel ni. eew. Unemployment The Aggregate! its tooooooooo long u FUCKER BITCH SUCKING ASS BUSTed. Essay! iDOItic Bull SHit. really help me. Quote! hehe..tq. nurul nadiah on Essay Biography, April 6, 2012 at essays of education 7:55 PM said.
mintak copy ye. Biography! tq. thanks for periodic table you essay!! waz really amazing and Essay Commentator: of Robert, filled with various facts too!!i've done my tuition homework!! thanks once again.