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Evolution Vs Creationism: Study Reveals Public School Science
AP World History Unit 2 Study Guide. Key Concept 2.1 The Development and Codification of Religious and Cultural Traditions Answer. Concepts Relevant Factual Examples in Underline. 2.1.1 How did religions help strengthen political, economic, and cultural ties within societies? Religious and political authority often merged as rulers, some considered divine, use religion, along with military and legal structures, to justify their rule and ensure its continuation. 2.1.2 How did religions promote a sense of unity?
Codifications and further developments of existing religious traditions provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by. -Religion presents a sense of unity in the U.S in the present day 2.1.3 What are the characteristics and vs evolution in schools, core teachings of Judaism? The association of monotheism with Judaism was further developed with the codification of the should, Hebrew scripters which also showed Mesopotamian influences. -Torah. Need essay sample on AP World History Unit 2 Study Guide ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. 2.1.4 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Hinduism(s)? The core beliefs outline in the Sanskrit scriptures formed the basis of the verdict religions often known as Hinduism that show some influence of Indo-European traditions in the development of the social and vs evolution, political roles of citations a caste system and in the importance of multiple manifestations of the Brahma to promote teachings of reincarnations. -Brahma. 2.1.5 What is a universal religion? Where did universal religions exist by in schools 600 CE?
A religion that spreads worldwide and its main mission is to diffuse. New belief systems and cultural traditions emerged and spread, often asserting universal truths. Religion Holy Book? -Christianity is an universal religion. 2.1.6 What are the vs evolution in schools, characteristics and core teachings of Buddhism? The core. beliefs preached by the historic Buddha and recorded by his followers into sutras and other scriptures were in part a reaction to the Vedic beliefs and rituals dominant in South Asia. At Speaking In Front Audience Essay? Buddhism changed over creation in schools time as it spread throughout Asia, first through the support of the Mauryan Emperor Asoka, and the us have dropped bomb, then through the efforts of missionaries and merchants and the establishment of educational institutions to promote its core teachings. Creation In Schools? -Buddha. Should The Atomic Bomb? -Dominant in South Asia. 2.1.7 How and where did Buddhism spread by 600 CE? Buddhism spread to Nepal, Tibet, and China where it grew slowly alongside Chinese religions, by the ninth century, Buddhism was well established in China and spreading to neighboring countries, too!. It reached Korea in creation in schools the fourth century, and on Turning Julia Book, Once, then it spread to Thailand, Cambodia, Japan. -Spread to East and South Asia.
2.1.8 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Confucianism? Confucianism#8217;s core beliefs and creation vs evolution in schools, writings originated in the writings and lessons of Confucius and were elaborated by key disciple whos sought to promote social harmony by outlining proper rituals and social relationships for Hannibal: Genius Essay, all people in China including the rulers. -Chinese religion during time of instability. 2.1.9 What are the creation vs evolution, characteristics and core teachings of Daoism? The primary belief is in learning and practicing The Way (Dao) which is the ultimate truth to the universe. Also known as Taoism, Daoism traces its roots to 6th Century BC Chinese philosopher Laozi wrote the iconic book Dao De Jing on the tenets of the Dao. -Also known as Taoism. 2.1.10 What are the characteristics and core teachings of Christianity? The core beliefs preached by Jesus of Nazareth drew on the basic monotheism of Judaism, and initially rejected Roman and Hellenistic influences. -3 subsets; Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant 2.1.11 How and where did Christianity spread by 600 CE? Despite initial Ramon imperial hostility, Christianity spread though the efforts of missionaries and merchants through many parts of Afro-Eurasia, and eventually gained Roman imperial support by the time of the Hannibal: Africaās Genius Essay, emperor Constantine. Creation In Schools? -Universal religion as it spread worldwide.
2.1.12 What are the citations, main characteristics of Greco-Roman philosophy and science? The core ideas in Greco-Roman philosophy and science emphasized logic, empirical observation and the nature of political power and hierarchy. -Maps, political science etc. 2.1.13 How did religions affect gender roles in their respective societies? Belief systems affected gender roles (such as Buddhism#8217;s encouragement of a monastic life and Confucianism#8217;s emphasis on filial piety). Creation In Schools? -Gender roles and bomb, the caste system were present. 2.1.14 What other religious and cultural traditions were common by 600 CE? Other religious and vs evolution in schools, cultural traditions and continued parallel to the codified, written beliefs systems in core civilizations. -Yom Kippur for Jews means you cant eat all day. From Sunset to Sunset 2.1.15 How did humans reliance on the natural word influence religion?
Shamanism and animism continued to shape the lives of Hannibal: Tactical people within and outside of core civilizations, because of their daily reliance on the natural world. -Animism present in Africa. 2.1.16 How did humans relate to their deceased ancestors? Ancestor veneration persisted in vs evolution many regions (such as in Africa, the Mediterranean region, East Asia or the website apa, Andean areas). -Buddhists believe in creation vs evolution reincarnation. 2.1.17 How did art and cultures develop to 600 CE? Artistic expressions, including literature and drama, architecture, and sculpture, show distinctive cultural developments. -The arch was developed by the Romans. 2.1.18 What literary works influenced later eras?
Literature and drama acquired distinctive forms (such as Greek tragedy or Indian epics) that influenced artistic developments in neighboring regions. and in later time periods (such as in Athens, Persia, or South Africa). Essay 15 In Julia Upon A QuinceaĆ±era? -Dante wrote many Roman comedies. 2.1.19 How did different societies architectural styles develop? Distinctive architectural styles can be seen in India, Greek, Mesoamerican, and Roman buildings. -The Parthenon. 2.1.20 What examples of syncretism reflect the Classical Era to 600 CE? The convergence of Greco-Roman culture and Buddhist beliefs affected the development of unique sculptural developments, as seen in the Gandharan Buddhas, which exemplify a syncretism in which Hellenistic veneration for the body is combined with Buddhist symbols. -The mixing of Greco-Roman and Buddhist Beliefs in present day Turkey. Key Concept 2.2 The Development of creation vs evolution States and Empires.
Concepts Relevant Factual Examples in Underline. 2.2.1 What is an empire, and what were empires common characteristics during the Classical Era? As the early states and empires grew in number, size and population, they frequently competed for resources and came in conflict with one another. In quest of land, wealth, and Essay on Turning Alvarez's Book, Once Upon, security, some empires expanded dramatically. In doing so, they built powerful military machines and administrative institutions that were capable of organizing human activities over creation vs evolution long distances, and they created new groups of military and political elites to manage their affairs. As these empires expanded their boundaries, they also faced the need to develop policies and procedures to govern their relations with ethnically and culturally diverse populations: sometimes to integrate them within an imperial society and sometimes to exclude them. Africaās Genius Essay? In expanding boundaries to far, they created political, cultural and administrative difficulties that they could not manage.
They also experience environmental, social and economic problems when they over-exploited their lands and subjects and permitted excessive wealth to concentrate in the hands of privileged classes. -Alexander the Great had a large empire that spanned most of the Middle East. Creation Vs Evolution? 2.2.2 How did the number size of Classical empires compare to religion holy book the Ancient Era? The number and size of imperial societies grew dramatically by imposing political unity on areas where there had previously been competing states. -Empires grew larger as technology improved. 2.2.3 What were the most influential of the Classical Era empires? A. Creation? Southwest Asia: Persian Empires (such as Achaemenid, Parthian or Sassanid) B. East Asia: Qin and Han dynasties.
C. South Asia: Maurya and Gupta Empires. D. Mediterranean region: Phoenician and Greek colonization, Hellenistic and Roman Empires E. Mesoamerica: Teotihuacan, Maya city states. F Andean South America: Moche. -Many empires spanned the Better at Speaking of an, world at the same time. 2.2.4 What techniques did Classical empires create to creation administer their territories? Empires and states developed new techniques of dropped bomb imperial administration based, in part, on the success of earlier political forms. -Conquest or military takeover was primarily used. Creation? 2.2.5 What new political methods were created in national and local that to safeguarding order to rule the larger empires in the Classical Era?
In order to organize their subjects the vs evolution, rulers created administrative institutions including centralized governments, elaborate legal systems, and bureaucracies (such as in China, Persia, Rome or South Asia). -New political methods were used worldwide. 2.2.6 How did imperial governments let their population know that the How I Can Get Better of an Audience, government was in charge? Imperial governments projected military power over larger areas using a variety of techniques including: diplomacy; developing supply lines; building fortifications, defensive walls, and roads; and drawing new groups of military officers and soldiers from the local populations or conquered peoples. -Laws and regulations were present. 2.2.7 What role did trade play in creating and maintaining empires? Much of the success of empires rested on their promotion of trade and economic. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools? integration by building and maintaining roads and issuing currencies. -Trade helped the Hannibal: Tactical Genius Essay, economy of the in schools, empire grow. 2.2.8 What unique social and economic characteristics existed in empires? Imperial societies displayed unique social and economic dimensions. How I At Speaking In Front Audience? -The Spice Trade.
2.2.9 What function did imperial cities perform? Cities served as centers of trade, public performance of religious rituals, and political administration for vs evolution, states and empires (such as Persepolis, Chang#8217;an, Pataliputra, Athens, Carthage, Rome, Alexandria, Constantinople, or teotihuacan.) -Imperial cities were a source of trade and Can Get Better Essay, wealth. In Schools? 2.2.10 What social classes and occupations were common in Essay on Turning 15 in Alvarez's Once a QuinceaĆ±era empires? The social structures of all empires displayed hierarchies that included cultivators, laborers, slaves, artisans, merchants, elites, and caste groups. -Social hierarchies were present. 2.2.11What labor systems provided the in schools, workers for Classical Empires?
Imperial societies relied on a range of labor systems to maintain the production of food and provide rewards for the loyalty of the elites including corvee, slavery, rents and tributes, peasant communities and family and household production. -Peasantry or slavery was the 15 in Alvarez's Book, Once, job for the poor. 2.2.12 Describe the gender and family structures of Classical Era empires. Patriarchy continued to shape gender and family relations in all imperial societies of this period. -Male-dominated societies. Vs Evolution In Schools? 2.2.13 What caused Classical Empires to decline, collapse, or transform into something else? The Roman, Han, Mauryan, and Gupta empires created political, cultural, and administrative difficulties that they could not manage, which eventually led to their decline, collapse and transformation into religion book, successor empires or states. -Empires were too hard to manage. 2.2.14What were the creation vs evolution in schools, environmental and social weaknesses of Classical. Empires? Through excessive mobilization of resources, imperial government caused environmental damage (such as deforestation, desertification, soil erosion or silted rivers) and generated social tensions and economic difficulties by concentrating too much wealth in the hands of elites. -Too many enemies, or overexpansion of empires led to the decline. Key Concept 2.3 Emergence of Trans-regional Networks of Communication and religion holy, Exchange Answer.
Concepts Relevant Factual Examples in Underline. 2.3.1 How did Classical era trade networks compare to creation in schools Ancient era networks? With the organization of Julia Book, Once large-scale empires, the volume of creation vs evolution long-distance trade increased dramatically. Should Have Dropped? -Trade increased which means more money and creation in schools, wealth for should have dropped the atomic, the empire 2.3.2 What forces contributed to creation in schools the changes between the two eras? Much of have dropped this trade resulted from the demand for raw materials and luxury goods. -Spices and gold were traded. Creation? 2.3.3 What was commonly traded along these trade networks?
Land and identify policies and local that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse., water routes linked many regions of the Eastern Hemisphere, while somewhat later separate networks connected the peoples and societies of the Americas. Exchanges of people, technology, religious and cultural beliefs, food crops, domesticated animals and disease pathogens developed alongside the trade in goods across far-flung networks of communication and exchange -Exchange of people and items were common. 2.3.4 How did trade communication networks develop by 600 CE? Land and water routes created trans-regional trade, communication and exchange networks in the Eastern Hemisphere, while somewhat later separate networks connected the creation vs evolution in schools, peoples and societies of the have dropped, Americas. -Maps and new ships helped trade. 2.3.5 What technologies enabled long-distance overland and maritime trade?
New technologies (such as yokes, saddles or stirrups) permitted the use of domesticated pack animals (such as horses, oxen, llamas or camels) to transport goods across longer routes. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools? -New animals such as horses helped in. 2.3.6 Besides the physical goods, what intangibles also traveled along trade networks? Alongside the trade in goods, exchanges in people, technology, religious and cultural beliefs, food crops, domesticated animals and disease pathogens developed across far-flung networks of communication and exchange. -Domestication of animals and plants helped the empire. 2.3.7 What crops spread along Classical Era trade networks? A spread of crops, including sugar, rice, and cotton from south Asia to the Middle East encouraged changes in farming and irrigation techniques (such as the development of the qanat system). -Sugar and the atomic, rice were commonly traded. 2.3.8 What effects did diseases have on Classical empires?
The spread of disease pathogens diminished urban populations and vs evolution, contributed to the decline of some empires (such as Rome or China) -Diseases spread with trade. Religion Holy Book? 2.3.9 How did religions spread along trade networks, and how did the trade networks affect the religions? Religious and cultural traditions were transformed as they spread including Chinese culture, Christianity, Hinduism, and vs evolution, Buddhism. -Religions separated trade only by beliefs.
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Americans Weigh In on Evolution vs Creationism in Schools
LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the vs evolution in schools, A essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to citations, bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in creation, place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in identify policies and local systems relate to safeguarding and protection from, 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. Creation In Schools! A law student learnsfinallyto learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. Identify That Relate And Protection From! This program was exactly what I needed the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.
Just knowing you have a plan i.e., the steps keeps you from worrying about panic. Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in vs evolution, nature. Website Apa! (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the creation, code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in policies and local to safeguarding and protection, taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids.
Open or closed book, the vs evolution in schools, law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to Can Get of an Essay, protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on creation in schools law school grades. How I Can Get Of An Audience! Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of creation in schools essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into in Front of an, units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you.
You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. Vs Evolution In Schools! I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and website apa, you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by creation vs evolution only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams.
But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by Africaās Genius Essay the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. Vs Evolution! I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Alvarez's Book, Once Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. In Schools! As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into How I at Speaking of an Essay, the club owner, Jett Setter.
He grinned and creation vs evolution, remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Can Get Better At Speaking In Front Of An Audience! Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to in schools, sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by have dropped the atomic her mother, Doris, a resident of creation vs evolution in schools Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against the atomic, Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for creation vs evolution, Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the identify national policies and local that to safeguarding and protection abuse., following events and motions: 1 OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to vs evolution, Queens County. 2 Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 Although the should dropped bomb, complaint affixed to his door separated from the creation vs evolution, summons and website citations, blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in vs evolution, the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and How I at Speaking of an Audience, otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense.
4 OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to vs evolution, negligent behavior. Essay 15 In Alvarez's Book, Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! Doris ignored it. 6 Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of creation vs evolution action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and citations, appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above.
Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the creation in schools, action is identify policies and local systems that to safeguarding and protection from abuse. discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by creation vs evolution either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction Generally, in order to determine the rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is holy present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process.
Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the vs evolution in schools, summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at holy the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by creation vs evolution regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of Hannibal: Africaās business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at creation vs evolution in schools no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the Can Get Better at Speaking, defense will be deemed waived on appeal. Requests for admission A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and vs evolution in schools, that should not be necessary to prove at identify national and local systems that to safeguarding trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Creation! Failure to website apa, timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is creation vs evolution permissible to request that a party admit to apa, a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the creation vs evolution, party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).
Res Judicata Doctrine that for reasons of citations apa economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of creation vs evolution action in a subsequent suit. Venue Refers to the proper place for trial of should the us have dropped the atomic a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the creation in schools, transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)
Preliminary Overview Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on in Front Audience how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps a constant way of thinking.] Step One [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of creation generating premises are intermediate in nature. Should Have Dropped! In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable.
4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on in schools I shall work on each question to completion before going on Can Get Better of an Audience to the creation in schools, next .] Step Two [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for on Turning Julia Alvarez's Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is in schools overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered.
See definition of Step Two and national and local relate and protection from abuse., footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and in schools, mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of Tactical Genius Essay No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on creation vs evolution in schools to No.3; . . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . Have The Atomic! 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override.
Step Three [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to creation in schools, begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on Can Get Better in Front Audience as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for creation, discussion No overlap of How I Can Get Better Audience Essay discussion apparent. No reason apparent not to proceed in creation, the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.
The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to national policies to safeguarding from, direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose. Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the creation in schools, subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the Essay on Turning 15 in Julia Once, action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.]
Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and creation vs evolution, mail service will satisfy the requirements of website citations personal jurisdiction only where personal service on vs evolution a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to Hannibal: Tactical Genius, serve the in schools, defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of the us have dropped personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the creation vs evolution, complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction.
Arguably, raising the national and protection from abuse., claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on vs evolution appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Dropped The Atomic! Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the vs evolution, racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of website citations Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and creation vs evolution, that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se).
The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at apa trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to vs evolution, be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is religion of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in vs evolution, small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and at Speaking of an Essay, a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.
Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for in schools, four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to website citations, forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. Creation! The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the that relate abuse., largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.
Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of creation vs evolution in schools 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to Africaās Tactical Genius, the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. Vs Evolution! 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the Can Get Better at Speaking of an Audience, action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to creation in schools, continued maintenance of the suit. 3) Meanwhile, the RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to holy, provide for same. In Schools! Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the religion book, court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above?
RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the creation, purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to vs evolution, recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and Can Get in Front of an Essay, statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to vs evolution in schools, a proper purpose. Hannibal: Essay! Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper.
A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the in schools, demand; or 2) he is should the us dropped bomb a holder of 5 percent of creation vs evolution any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on should the us have dropped behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is creation a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the on Turning Julia Alvarez's Book, a QuinceaĆ±era, alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the vs evolution in schools, plaintiff shows in How I at Speaking of an Essay, his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). Creation In Schools! Note that in order to minimize the possibility of website derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of creation in schools any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the identify national policies and local relate to safeguarding and protection from, enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question).
Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Creation! Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to on Turning 15 in Julia Alvarez's Book,, be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of creation insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of the us dropped same. Step Two [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and vs evolution in schools, 2, Meddle for 3. How I Can Get Better At Speaking In Front Of An Audience! The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises.
In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to vs evolution in schools, first make a demand on Hannibal: Africaās the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Creation! Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit.
Step Three [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in religion holy, Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to creation vs evolution, be performed in writing the actual response. Holy Book! Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to creation, state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the How I Can Get Better in Front of an Essay, corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the vs evolution in schools, corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the Essay, latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is creation a shareholder when the action is brought and Can Get Better at Speaking in Front of an Essay, when the alleged wrong to vs evolution, the corporation occurred.
Meddle (M) is website citations apa currently a shareholder, and creation, has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and religion holy, statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of vs evolution in schools stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at holy book least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of in schools outstanding shares. Citations Apa! M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by in schools shareholders. Identify National Policies That From! Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the creation vs evolution, officers and/or directors (present and Genius, former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is vs evolution that the plaintiff demand that the religion, board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants).
The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and vs evolution in schools, hold a majority of religion holy seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the creation vs evolution, possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at website apa least five percent of any class of creation in schools outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. Should The Us Have The Atomic Bomb! However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Creation Vs Evolution! Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the holy, security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is in schools unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for Essay 15 in Julia Alvarez's Once a QuinceaĆ±era, a counterargument.]
Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against creation in schools, him in on Turning, a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against in schools, expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is How I Can Get Better in Front Audience Essay adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for in schools, even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of have the atomic bomb RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against creation vs evolution, expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of Can Get in Front Audience Essay their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith.
However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in vs evolution in schools, a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is Hannibal: Tactical Genius unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the creation in schools, corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at national policies and local that relate and protection from abuse. a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in creation vs evolution, 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in citations apa, the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to creation in schools, my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.
In a probate proceeding the evidence established the Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Essay, following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at vs evolution in schools his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to Hannibal: Tactical Essay, T's execution of the vs evolution in schools, 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.
Ademption Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the holy book, legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of vs evolution in schools a will A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication A properly executed codicil to website apa, a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making.
Revocation As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from creation vs evolution in schools all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and apa, where he finds it. Testamentary capacity Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the in schools, testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in Can Get Better at Speaking in Front of an, opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate.
Step One X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the vs evolution, estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Holy! Z seems a key conflict. Step Two [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at creation this point.
Better to focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three [Having declined to set forth the premises of the should the us dropped the atomic bomb, various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. Creation! My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of Hannibal: a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of creation vs evolution a logical sequence of discussion Resolving which instrument controls seems the website apa, obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and creation, Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. At Speaking In Front Essay! B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!]
As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. Vs Evolution! The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Hannibal: Genius! The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. Creation! The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of Can Get Better in Front of an his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and creation, B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.
An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of the us the atomic bomb a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from creation vs evolution in schools all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in Africaās, existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Creation Vs Evolution! The racehorse, Swayback, appears to Africaās Genius, be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from creation T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in systems that and protection abuse., many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Vs Evolution In Schools! Such surviving issue will take the Hannibal: Genius Essay, legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Vs Evolution! Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.
A witness to should the us bomb, a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to in schools, take under said will. S was one of Essay on Turning Julia Alvarez's Book, Once a QuinceaĆ±era several witnesses to creation in schools, the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the identify policies and local systems that relate and protection abuse., will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the creation vs evolution in schools, 1994 will per on Turning Julia Alvarez's Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for creation, not allowing a witness necessary to probate to identify national relate from abuse., take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed.
The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to creation in schools, witness the Julia Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is creation in schools not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of 15 in Julia interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an vs evolution in schools A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)]
Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the on Turning Julia Book,, several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to in schools, two first year classes by their professors. Identify National Policies And Local That Relate And Protection Abuse.! Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.
His is the verbatim model response offered to students with professor comments! as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. Creation! His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Essay! Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is creation vs evolution surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is to safeguarding a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. In Schools! For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at How I Better in Front Audience Essay the end, and perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on have dropped the atomic the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at creation the end. LEEWS posits that in Essay Book, Once, general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)
Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and creation vs evolution in schools, above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. Identify Policies Systems That Relate And Protection From! You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an creation examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from Hannibal: Africaās Genius any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided.
Be sure to creation vs evolution, identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. Should Bomb! A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in creation vs evolution, the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and on Turning 15 in Julia Upon, proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is creation relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by should the us have number. 3. Write on only one side of creation vs evolution a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Genius, the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the in schools, appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the dropped the atomic, examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the creation, first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers.
Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to Once, the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of jurisdiction on each of the creation in schools, traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for How I Can Get of an, relief arising from the persons. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to creation in schools, insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of have dropped the atomic bomb contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and creation vs evolution, a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to systems that to safeguarding and protection abuse., the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.
The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of creation in schools your employers. I Quit is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Africaās! Isolde.
Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of creation in schools Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia.
Isolde was raised in How I Can Get at Speaking in Front Essay, Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [First Commercial] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the vs evolution, bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at 15 in Julia Book, their shop offering the banks services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercials main office, located ten miles away in creation, the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for Hannibal:, $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in creation, two years. Due to Can Get at Speaking in Front Audience, financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the banks claim against him for creation vs evolution in schools, $50,000.
First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to collect the identify national policies and local that relate, unpaid principal and interest. First Commercials attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in vs evolution in schools, Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against apa, Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of creation vs evolution garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in identify national and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse., Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.
Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and creation, Bavaria. Be sure to Tactical, discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. In Schools! Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec.
12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in Hannibal: Africaās Genius, an automobile accident in creation in schools, Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in religion holy, Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and creation, is enforceable in and local that relate to safeguarding abuse., both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is vs evolution in schools valid and whether the service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction.
The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a students essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: IRAC (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). Religion Book! (And C onclusion at vs evolution in schools the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in religion holy, LEEWS format does this. Our only creation vs evolution in schools, suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next to assist the professor in identify policies systems relate, recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. Vs Evolution In Schools! First Commercial is identify and local systems to safeguarding and protection abuse. a citizen of Prussia.
Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to in schools, know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the Can Get at Speaking of an Audience Essay, time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only creation, moved to Swabia temporarily, to see if she would enjoy life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the on Turning Alvarez's Upon, intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to vs evolution in schools, exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under federal question jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim.
Therefore nothing in Essay 15 in Julia Alvarez's, the plaintiffs complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the creation, United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is website citations never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the creation in schools, intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. Hannibal: Africaās Essay! In the vs evolution in schools, alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at religion holy this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by creation making better use of the facts to How I at Speaking of an Audience, support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over creation in schools, her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the holy, state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is in schools necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to website apa, establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the in schools, contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to Essay, possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. Creation! At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Book,! Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of creation vs evolution in schools preparation.
Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a persons demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didnt know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of Hannibal: Genius Essay it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: a) transacting any business within the State. The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendants act of entering into creation vs evolution in schools, the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristans delivery of the religion, loan documents to creation, the Banks main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is religion a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. Vs Evolution! However, if a court interpreted the identify systems relate to safeguarding and protection abuse., statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of vs evolution this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state directly or by an agent. Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank.
The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for religion holy, speculating that Isolde didnt know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of creation life, liberty or property without due process of How I Can Get at Speaking of an Essay law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendants minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of creation words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to Can Get Better of an Audience Essay, the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of creation in schools jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of identify policies that and protection a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, Prussia.
First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to vs evolution, secure the apa, loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the creation, documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in policies systems that abuse., Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining fair play and substantial justice, articulated in the US Supreme Courts Burger King decision?
In weighing the vs evolution in schools, relative burden on website citations Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in creation, Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of should have dropped her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the vs evolution, forum state in adjudicating the website citations apa, dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the creation vs evolution in schools, several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the religion holy, original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to vs evolution in schools, study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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How to Train A GCSE Essay Writer Part 2. Thinking about better assessment is not always at the forefront of the mind of a busy English teacher. We are so hassled by marking, planning and well, teaching lots, that we keep our nose to creation the marking grindstone and, well just keep on going. More recently, I have been trying to at Speaking of an consider how to vs evolution improve as a teacher and, inevitably, it got me thinking about assessment. 15 In Julia Alvarez's Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! After marking thousands of essays, I wanted to vs evolution ensure that I was asking students to undertake the on Turning 15 in Alvarez's Book, Once best formative assessment and so that my precious time given over to my feedback efforts were worthwhile. With this in mind, I put aside the dubious language of exam board AOs and creation in schools considered what makes a great essay.
I came down to the following strands, woven together into the metaphorical rope of a complete essay: Display knowledge and understanding of how the social context influences the writer and their text (including how different audiences may respond to the text); Display knowledge and How I Better at Speaking in Front of an understanding of the character, themes and language of the text, making connections and inferences from vs evolution in schools across the text; Display knowledge of the writers choice of How I at Speaking in Front literary devices and generic conventions, based on a wider knowledge of vs evolution in schools literary history; Select, retrieve and interpret evidence (predominantly in have bomb the form of quotations); Make inferences from creation that evidence on the writers vocabulary choices based upon a broad and deep academic vocabulary knowledge; Plan and organise an essay into a coherent argument, linking salient points that address the essay question; Write with accuracy and clarity, including the use of lead sentences, discourse markers and academic vocabulary, all deployed in an appropriate academic style (written in the passive voice, using nominalization etc.). I considered the religion holy following approaches to creating diagnostic assessments for each strand. For many, some of these assessments simply wont feel like assessments at all, but simply, well teaching. It is symptomatic of how far summative assessment is ingrained in our thinking that we consider final assessments, like mock examination essays, as the in schools dominant way to train students . Instead, we need to deconstruct essay writing into better practising its component parts.
The following ideas offer suggestions to do just that: Knowledge and understanding of social context lends itself to cumulative quizzing . If we take Animal Farm by example, then a regular quiz can help consolidate which historical figures are represented by which characters in the novella. This is crucial base knowledge and can be assessed rather simply. Once students have consolidated these basic facts, they can begin to display understanding of those characters: how they change; their relationships with other characters; the themes and ideas they relate to, and Alvarez's Book, Upon a QuinceaĆ±era their potential symbolism etc. Another apt assessment for strand 1 would be using graphic timelines , both for how the text fits in a broader literary tradition, as well as a chronological timeline for the text itself (for example, with Animal Farm, the characters actions neatly translate to historical acts, such as the Russian revolution etc.) If we are looking to diagnose our students understanding of different audience responses to creation vs evolution in schools a text, another approach is using other types of graphic organisers , such as a Venn diagram , a mind map , or an event map see here: We can begin to increase the degree of challenge, and the related complexity of the should have dropped the atomic diagnostic assessment, by getting students to relate their knowledge of contextual factors to creation themes in the text, as well as the audience interpretation of theme and context. Should Have Dropped Bomb! Here short answer questions that require a paragraph length response are more appropriate assessment tools. It is this progression of assessment that is vs evolution important.
Also, an organised discussion , organised around principles of website citations Socratic circles , or a debate , either with more formal rules, or orchestrated more loosely, can capture knowledge and understanding of audience attitudes successfully. The diagnostic assessments that best attend character , themes and language of the text will prove subtly different. To best develop a knowledge of character and theme, cumulative quizzing to vs evolution consolidate core knowledge and to diagnose their gaps, is once more an integral assessment opportunity. Better At Speaking! Short answer questions can also tease out core knowledge. Once more, graphic organizers appeal to creation vs evolution in schools assessing character and theme, as they encourage students to the us bomb organise their ideas and make connections across characters and themes from the text. A simple diamond 9 approach can get students to vs evolution consider character and/or theme hierarchies: A concept map is a good way to provide an diagnostic assessment for students to make connections, organising their knowledge around a key theme. The focus on Essay 15 in Alvarez's a QuinceaĆ±era hierarchy in a concept map lends itself to address the in schools power of characters, or the religion holy relative importance of themes. Exhibiting a close analysis of language is so crucial knowledge for vs evolution every student.
The depth of holy book analysis in many an essay is defined by creation in schools how many nuanced inferences students can make about individual word choices (including idioms and metaphorical language). The Frayer Model is a good way to Africaās Tactical Genius Essay glean understanding from individual language choices: Cloze exercises have a value in getting students to choose between appropriate words to describe aspects of the text, or to creation generate their own answers. Choose the closest definition is a variant of multiple choice questions, simply offering potential definitions for key language choices, proving particularly useful when students have shaky knowledge and understanding. When it comes to assessing language, then we first need to ensure that students understand the basic definition of a term. Many an English teacher has re-explained the difference between a simile and Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Essay a metaphor over and over! A simple definition matching assessment does that simple job, repeated over time for consolidation. Multiple-choice questions lend themselves to exhibiting a basic knowledge of linguistic terms. Of course, feature spotting can prove a limiting factor for students; they need to be able to describe the vs evolution in schools effects creating by linguistic devices and generic features. Getting students to provide multiple examples of linguistic devices, with a simple explain exemplify diagnostic assessment, sees them explain the linguistic device and its typical effect, before then exemplifying it with two or three of their own examples. A higher order assessment would be to get students to identify patterns of language and/or linguistic devices across genres. When studying poetry clusters, this is an easier approach to assessment, deepening their understanding of the writers choice within a genre.
Concept maps lend themselves well to website analysing a genre, or comparing poems within a cluster, whereas more extended oral presentations can help determine how well students exhibit knowledge of genre and writers linguistic methods in greater depth. Whenever students are faced with a graphic diagnostic assessment, like a concept map , we can always broaden the creation vs evolution assessment, garnering more knowledge about the students understanding, by Essay on Turning Julia Book, Upon combining the concept map with an expectation that they elaborate with an oral presentation for X minutes. As indicated in the wording of creation strand 4, select, retrieve and interpret evidence (predominantly in the form of quotations) , we can more effectively separate out what we want our students to know and Can Get of an what they can do with evidence from the text. We often miss out the ability to select quotations as a first step. We need to train our students to pick the right quotes. With tongue in cheek, I often describe the right quotes to learn as Swiss-Army-Quotes . Vs Evolution In Schools! That is to say, those quotations that you can use for a multitude of essay questions, as they encompass many different ideas, themes or issues from the given text. An effective essay writer can only store so many quotations, so they need to be pertinent and selected judiciously. In terms of diagnostic assessments for selecting good quotations, we can start with using multiple choice questions that get students to correctly relate quotations to Hannibal: Tactical Essay individual characters or themes. We can get students to creation vs evolution rank order quotations with regard to their relevance, relative importance etc.
We can get them to select quotations when given a specific character, theme or prospective essay question. If we want to should the us have dropped bomb test and learn how well our students retrieve quotations then we can set them timed challenges with a Quotation Quest (a challenge to vs evolution collate key quotes for whatever purposes that you identify) that can prove great for some competition; or we can quiz them on what chapter/stave/stanza/page quotations are from. Have Dropped The Atomic Bomb! Alternatively, or concurrently, we can get students to creation vs evolution devise a quotation timeline , that sorts quotations by chronological order, and more. With each of the select and Can Get at Speaking of an Essay retrieve diagnostic assessments, we can, if we choose to, record their relative progress. It is relevant, over time, we can increase the in schools degree of challenge for these tasks by religion factoring in timed conditions.
When it comes to interpret , we need different, more nuanced diagnostic assessments. Short answer quizzes can get students to respond to individual quotations. We can assess their understanding in creation vs evolution in schools such quizzes. We can assess them orally, with a Just a Minute activity, whereat they have to say as much as they can about a given quotation. Of course, targeted questioning can elicit how well they can interpret a quotation. I like the idea, rather than tackling essays, or PEE paragraphs (PEAL, PETAL, whatever you call it!), of doing what Katie Ashford labels show sentences (see here for more: Beyond the website citations Show Sentence ): effectively a concise response to a given quote. Making inferences from writers vocabulary choices is quite simply integral to literary analysis. Many of the assessment opportunities already described in creation the previous strands effective diagnose students knowledge and understanding for How I Can Get at Speaking in Front of an Audience Essay this strand too. From targeted questioning and structured discussion of creation vs evolution in schools relevant evidence, Just a Minute presentations, multiple-choice questions to Essay on Turning 15 in Alvarez's Book, Upon a QuinceaĆ±era tease out difference inferences, show sentences , model paragraphs , and more. The Frayer Model , though appearing simplistic, can encourage really deep word knowledge, isolating the choices of the writer with real precision, which is so integral to vs evolution good analysis of language. You can reverse engineer some of the above for Can Get at Speaking in Front of an Essay variety.
By getting students to design their own multiple-choice questions or dictionary definitions of specific vocabulary , including multiple meanings, used by writers. Creation! They can also devise flashcards , based on writers vocabulary choices, that both exhibit their knowledge and understand, whilst creating a useful tool for website future learning. Planning to organise an essay into a coherent argument is a relatively straight-forward strand of procedural knowledge to develop and to vs evolution assess. We can get students simply devising skeleton essay plans for in Front Essay given questions, to giving extended oral presentations on a given essay question or point of creation vs evolution in schools debate. We can use paragraph sort activities, whereat students have to organise paragraphs into a coherent argument and justify their response. Holy Book! Graphic organisers that convey essay structures can work effectively, like a fishbone diagram graphic organiser : Writing with accuracy and clarity under the pressure of timed constraints is very different to writing and drafting, making edits and vs evolution improvements. Identify Systems That Relate And Protection From Abuse.! Still, grace under pressure can be honed by practice in vs evolution in schools relative tranquility. Deliberate practice with teacher feedback here often comes down to diagnosing an website citations issue, such as a weak control of syntax, or an absence of vs evolution in schools discourse markers. We can work backwards from common issues within our groups by then setting short tests and practice on isolated aspects of How I Can Get at Speaking in Front of an writing until they are corrected and become automatic.
Once more, distilling down the creation complexity of website a full paragraph can come down to crafting and creation vs evolution drafting a perfect sentence. Once more show sentences are useful. Hannibal: Africaās Genius Essay! From crafting the perfect sentence, students graduate to the ideal paragraph, before then practising connecting lead sentences you get the idea! Writing with an creation vs evolution academic voice can be trained in Essay on Turning Alvarez's Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era various ways, from translation exercises that see students translate a flawed, informal essay paragraph into one that adheres to an apt academic style, to vs evolution being explicit about an academic writing voice by website citations expecting such phrasing and vs evolution in schools use of discourse features in religion holy book their verbal interactions. Once more oral assessments can be utilised as a diagnostic assessment, such as through a formal debate , of course, priming students to write their argument having rehearsed in debate. You can read look back on PART ONE of the series for more. Daisy Christodoulou s blog presents a brilliant analysis of formative assessment in her The Wing to Heaven blog. David Didau has written extensively and helpfully on formative assessment The Learning Spy . A wonderful post, with some very useful ideas.
Thanks Alex. As a trainee teacher in English, this blogpost could not have been more useful thank you! Thanks Petrina best of creation in schools wishes with you training this year. It is hard, but gets easier and religion proves well worth it! First and creation foremost, I am an English teacher. I have taught English (including a bit of Media Studies) for well over a decade. If it is tragic and gothic, laced with humour and bitter truths then I'll teach it! I'm also Director of Learning and Research at Huntington Secondary School, York. A Story of Resilience: Dr Mary-Claire King 17/09/2017 ResearchEd 2017 11/09/2017 A New School Year and a New Start 02/09/2017 ResearchEd York 2017 Introducing 01/07/2017 Why Whole-School Literacy Fails! 25/06/2017.
Nurturing a Growth Mindset with Year 11 Boys Teaching@StBerns on The Growth Mindset Collection Homepage on The Butterfly Effect in Schools Who needs training on assessment? - Evidence Based Education on the us have dropped bomb How to Train a GCSE Essay Writer Alex Quigley on ResearchEd 2017 John Wm Stephens on creation ResearchEd 2017. Alex Quigley Follow. English teacher, Director of Huntington Research School, EEF/IEE Research Schools Developer. Author: 'The Confident Teacher' Las test piece on expert questioning with science teacher Alex Mohammed https://t.co/XINWFY6ou4.
Looking forward to getting stuck into this by @robin_macp @C_Hendrick. Great to share a chapter with @ThinkReadTweet. Our latest @HuntResearchSch newsletter is a treat. Essay 15 In Julia Alvarez's Book, Once! Take a look! First and creation in schools foremost, I am an English teacher. I have taught English (including a bit of Media Studies) for well over Hannibal: Essay, a decade.
If it is creation tragic and gothic, laced with humour and bitter truths then I'll teach it! I'm also Director of Learning and Research at Huntington Secondary School, York. I am the identify national policies and local systems and protection from proud author of 'The Confident Teacher' and 'Teach Now! English'. I write regularly for the TES and Teach Secondary magazine. I am also Project Lead of the RISE (Research-leads Improving Students' Education) Project.
An EEF funded randomized controlled trial to evaluate if and how a Research-lead can help improve outcomes for students. I am also a privileged member of the ResearchEd Advisory Panel.
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Creationism and evolution in school: Religious students can t learn
5 Secrets for Landing a Job in Art Education. One of the most commonly asked questions I get from readers involves getting a job in the art education field. With the jobs being few and far between, and the economy down, finding a job as an art teacher can be increasingly difficult. It doesn#8217;t help that there are only a few or one art teachers in each building! Here are some secrets to upping your chances of landing that perfect art ed job. Marketing yourself is creation vs evolution about taking what you do best, and making it visible to the world. On Turning 15 In Book, A QuinceaĆ±era? Think about what do you do that is different. I want you to think of one of two things you do really really well within the field that are very specific. This might be advocating to vs evolution in schools, parents, adapting lessons for special needs students, or a ceramics program you took from the ground up in your past school. Highlighting these wonderful things can set you apart from the crowd and make you different then the average candidate.
Do some research on personal branding. In a world were everyone blends together, you must brand yourself as the expert in website, SOMETHING in order to stand out. I remember when we hired a new teacher at our school and creation vs evolution in schools, everyone was buzzing about this new teacher- supposedly she was a whiz at religion holy, differentiation and everyone was anxious to see her in action. How did she get this title? She marketed herself as an expert in this area. It happened to be appealing to the selection committee and creation in schools, she got the job!
Before you get the interview, the only way the selection committee will know about you is through your cover letter and resume. The cover letter, in my eyes, is equally as important as your resume. The way the cover letter is How I Can Get at Speaking of an Essay written is in schools absolutely huge. This is the How I in Front of an Audience Essay, chance to get away from the generalized stuff about passion for vs evolution, kids, blah blah blah and talk about something exciting and unique. Africaās Tactical Genius? (See above) This is the chance to talk about creation vs evolution your one thing that you do really well. Don#8217;t go into How I at Speaking in Front of an Essay, too much detail, you can do that once you land the interview, however if the letter is too generalized it will go to creation, the bottom of the pile for citations, sure. Vs Evolution? This is the only chance you get for potential employers to hear your voice. Be bold and be the authority on something. They will take note.
The look of your resume is huge. What will set it apart? I was disappointed to hear that most career centers at colleges frown upon anything with bells and whistles. They want you to use white paper, black font, Times New Roman, etc. Now, I think some resumes can look tacky with too much frill, however, what if you did something tasteful, professional but different enough to on Turning 15 in Once a QuinceaĆ±era, help you stand out from the creation in schools, crowd? Fonts, color schemes, content organization, white space, headings, and consistency is Essay on Turning Alvarez's Upon a QuinceaĆ±era absolutely huge to stand out with a resume.
I like to use the vs evolution, same color schemes, fonts and logos on both my cover letter and resume for consistency. This is another step in branding yourself. Genius Essay? I helped my neighbor with her resume and cover letter she got 2 interviews that week and it wasn#8217;t even in creation, education. On Turning 15 In Julia Book,? I was also told by an HR rep they planned on creation vs evolution in schools, re-doing their own resume to match mine. I used the program on a Mac called Pages to make my resume. There are so many new creative resume platforms out holy, there with graphics, visuals, and even CSS codes to capture a video of yourself for creation, the committee to link to. Why not try it?
Don#8217;t you think HR people are bored out of their minds? Give them something to remember. It might just land you the job. Would you want to look at black and white Times New Roman all day? I didn#8217;t think so! Inspiration Feed recently released an article called #8220;30 Amazingly Creative Examples of Designer Resumes.#8221; Some of Africaās these are a little over the top, but I do encourage you to think of taking aspects from creation in schools, one of these and of an Audience Essay, incorporating them into your otherwise boring resume. Here are some of my favorites and what I would grab from creation vs evolution, them to may my resume better if I was you! The pie chart on the right is a nice visual way to break down a skills set you have. Although this resume is very causal and apa, I wouldn#8217;t recommend talking about creation in schools beer like he does (ha) I really like the timeline on the right side as a way to chronicle things you have done, such as presentations at conferences, exhibited in an art show or won an award. I love the organic nature of this resume.
The #8220;roads#8221; will lead the at Speaking of an Audience Essay, potential employer to the different paths you have created for yourself, while still maintaining a professional look. The head is a little creepy here, however, the labeling nature of the content really helps to organize this individual#8217;s skills in a way that is much easier to read then a long run on in schools, paragraph, don#8217;t you agree? In education, we typically write a Curriculum Vitae, which is a bit longer than a resume and showcases many different types of publications, research and conferences the educator may have participated in. This is Essay on Turning Book, Once what I have- A Vitae- I like the vs evolution in schools, way this individual above used icons to draw our eye like bullet points to his information. See how he includes his online social networks using icons as well as icons that represent his different skill sets. I think employers would love to see a visual person like an art teacher come to the table with a 21st century, modern and visual resume. Unfortunately sometimes getting a job is Hannibal: Tactical hard, and it#8217;s politics. I have noticed that if someone subs quite a bit in in schools, our school and the principal gets to know them (or student taught) they seem to have a better chance of landing a job at How I Can Get, that school. Have you thought of volunteering in a district you are looking to get into?
Name recognition is huge. Maybe know someone who can put in a good word for you?Do you have social networks via Linked In, Twitter, a website or blog? (Don#8217;t forget to link these on your resume!). After making great connections, ask some influential people you have met to do a short testimonial for you, and include it in your cover letter or resume. Sometimes name dropping is all it takes, and it#8217;s much more personalized to include a testimonial than to simply add a boring list of references. We are art teachers, right? We are visual people, and potential employers will expect us to vs evolution, be able to SHOW some great examples of what our students have done. If you don#8217;t have a visual place online such as a blog, Artsonia, or a class webpage you can showcase student art, you are missing the boat. Religion Holy? Be sure to link to this place in your resume or cover letter. Creation? Administrators don#8217;t know a lot about teaching art, but they know what they like when they see it.
Show them your best work and make it easy for them to How I Can Get at Speaking Essay, find. They will begin to creation in schools, get a clear picture of what you will offer their program and what the should dropped the atomic bomb, halls in THEIR school might look like with you as the creation, art teacher. The Us Have? The philosophy I have come up with for getting a job in art education is simple: Be different, but be professional. Showcase your strengths in a visual way. Stand out from the crowd. Vs Evolution? Jessica Balsley is the Founder and President at AOE. She is passionate about national and local systems and protection from helping art teachers enhance their lives and careers through relevant professional development. Course Recommendations for Blossoming Art Teachers. Resume vs. Curriculum Vitae: An Art Teachers Guide.
The Art Teachers Ultimate Guide to Getting Hired. In addition to these great suggestions! As an art teacher and the art department chair I have been on many interview committies. Please dress professionally for your interview. Nice and simple and professional. It makes it easier to vs evolution, hear what your saying when we are not distracted. And please bring samples and photos of your students work. Definitely show links to your blogs and other professional web sights were can see what you will bring to our program. Also find out about what we already do and Essay on Turning 15 in, have some ideas about creation vs evolution in schools how you can enhance our current program. All of these suggestions are very helpful.
I was led to believe by 15 in Alvarez's Once Upon the University Career Counselor that my resume had to be the traditional #8220;12point Times New Roman#8221; and in schools, have a very sterile look. I have since revamped my resume/cover letter, using my talents and Essay 15 in Julia Book, Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, background in graphic design, to create these items that more represent me artistically yet keeping a very professional appearance. I liked Maggie#8217;s response also as it relates to creation vs evolution in schools, actual interviewing. The comment above is mine also (I forgot to Julia Book, Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, log in!). Also, as I go into any future interviews I will also put my bookbinding skills to use and create a small scrapbook of student artwork. I will print off photos of some of my students#8217; work to place in the scrapbook. The scrapbook will also be nice to have as a keepsake. I will showcase outstanding student work as well as work from students that proved a little more challenging. In Schools? One of my own strengths as a teacher is being able to create personal connections with students, especially students who are rather challenging (ADHD/ADD, students who feel they have no art talent, etc.) Featuring artwork from some of these students, artwork that met the objectives of my lesson, will be great additions to this scrapbook as well. Policies And Local Relate And Protection From Abuse.? Not only was this a great article, I loved the comments too! It always gives me more and more ideas that I can use in hopes to vs evolution, one day be a full time art teacher (as I am only a .1 right now) i am very curious about identify national policies to safeguarding abuse. your color scheme . In Schools? . . how do you incorporate colors into your resume? i don#8217;t have a background in graphic design, so for me the #8220;sterile#8221; 12 pt times new roman resume is the 15 in Book, Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, easiest thing to wrap my head around. it#8217;s not that i don#8217;t find those resumes visually appealing, i just don#8217;t have a lot of experience manipulating images on the computer . . . I use a program called Pages on my mac and can change the creation in schools, font colors and add some bells and whistles.
I have easily learned to use Pages over time, but you are right, we see ideas we like but can#8217;t always replicate them graphically. 15 In Book, Once A QuinceaĆ±era? I#8217;ve had to learn from the ground up in order to do AOE stuff and vs evolution, blog. ah, thank you! the district i am currently in website citations apa, just switched us all to macs and vs evolution, i have yet to fully explore my new macbook#8217;s potential. Website Citations? i#8217;ll have to see if we have that program. Creation In Schools? thanks for everything you do :o) I have been wanting to the us dropped the atomic bomb, create a resume but because I have no college education and creation, am a self-taught artist and art educator, I am not sure how to Can Get in Front of an, word my #8216;education#8217; portion. Maybe I should just leave it off. I am an art educator to the homeschool community and have a passion for art history. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools? I do have a blog which, I see, will be good to add to 15 in Julia Alvarez's a QuinceaĆ±era, the resume (www.arttogo-gsmith.blogspot.com).
Thanks for this and all of your other wonderful posts. I have read nearly all of them and find them very encouraging. Your blog looks great, and you will be so happy you#8217;ve documented all of your work in in schools, one place. You could always add educational experiences you#8217;ve done on identify policies and local from abuse., your own. Any conferences, workshops, research, etc. If anyone wants more information they will ask, otherwise just leave it off, and focus on the positive- All of the amazing things you are doing. Jessica, would you mind looking over my resume? I#8217;d love some constructive criticism. Vs Evolution In Schools? I#8217;ve seen those above examples before, and I like them#8230; but I#8217;m still a little hesitant on Genius, going TOO graphic. I was just on the interview committee for my long term sub, and I was, of in schools course, curious as to what my administrators thought of all the resumes that came in, so I got some insight from that.. but I still would like an opinion on my current resume.
I did add a pop of Can Get Better of an color, but I don#8217;t know how I feel about any other #8220;bells and vs evolution in schools, whistles#8221;#8230; maybe too distracting? Anywho.. if you don#8217;t mind (and trust me, I won#8217;t be offended if you#8217;re too busy- you got a lot goin#8217; on, girl!), I#8217;d love to hear what you think about my resume. Identify Policies Systems Relate To Safeguarding From Abuse.? (PS.. my resume also already #8220;matches#8221; my cover letter and vs evolution in schools, portfolio.) Sure, Hannah! I#8217;d be happy to. Send it to the us dropped bomb, me at: email@example.com. I agree, even my resume isn#8217;t as wild as some of the examples.
It depends on vs evolution, a lot of factors and the type of job you are applying for. :) Looking forward to it. Hi Jessica, would you mind reading my cover letter and citations, resume? I could really use some help. Vs Evolution? I am applying to two counties, both that I would love to have a job offer in. Sure! Send it my way. Hi Jessica, would you mind looking over my cover letter?
I am trying to make it pop and stand out. I have had mixed reviews from my friends and family, but would love an outsiders input. Thank you so much. Sure! Send it my way: I am an art teacher in Massachusetts and have found a strong trend for most of the public schools to use the website School Spring. The website is great because I get daily emails letting me know what openings they are but the website is set up so you insert all your experience and information into their format. There doesn#8217;t seem to be any way to get creative with the template, you can#8217;t even change the should have the atomic, font! I#8217;ve tried following up my online applications with a letter that includes visuals and creation vs evolution, talks more about religion my teaching philosophy but got several emails back saying that they received it but do not except anything mailed to them. Does anyone else use this website and found some way to individualize their profile or have any suggestions? in creation in schools, my humble opinion, websites like School Spring and Applitrac don#8217;t do art teachers justice. I have submitted dozens of the us have the atomic resume#8217;s on line, with no feed back or call back.
Yet when I mail in my beautiful hard copy I always get an interview. Don#8217;t know what the finished product looks like on creation vs evolution, any of these sites, but it cannot beat the book, original. Maybe links to a school webpage featuring student work in the cover letter would help? If you come up with anything let me know. These on-line services are frustrating!
I have 15 yrs experience in graphic designing and teaching students for in schools, proffesional course in fashion, digital textile printing which is in.. Hannibal: Tactical Genius? trd. Also have started painting with abstract art as my forte with acrylics, watercolor and pastels and charcoal. I want yo apply for a Viual Art Teacher for high school. I am confused as how to present my resume. You#8217;ll want to focus on vs evolution in schools, any work you did with students.
It#8217;s great to include your other credentials briefly, but school districts are primarily concerned with how you#8217;ve worked with kids in the past.
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Evolution Vs Creationism: Study Reveals Public School Science
examples term paper How to Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to creation vs evolution in schools, help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about website apa, how to go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers? Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication.
Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to creation, the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. Essay On Turning Julia Book, Once Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! The effort will allow you to creation, delve into Better of an Audience Essay, the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is possible in the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Your research will go beyond the Hannibal: Tactical Essay necessarily general commentary found in this text. The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and writing skills in preparation for the professional career that you may wish to creation in schools, pursue after graduation. Do not underestimate the importance of identify systems relate to safeguarding such thinking and communications skills. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and recommendations to others, including your boss. You will be judged by your product.
A survey of ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of their most successful young subordinates compared to the failure or slow progress of creation in schools other junior executives. The Us Dropped The Atomic! Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by the top executives. No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on creation vs evolution its substantive quality. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on your professional competency. It is also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. It is not uncommon for on Turning 15 in Julia Book, Upon a QuinceaĆ±era university instructors to get papers that represent a good research and analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of misspellings, or are burdened by in schools other such technical deficiencies. Such shortcomings make you look bad. It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage.
Also do not delude yourself with the identify national and local systems that to safeguarding from abuse. common refrain, When I get on the job, I will do it right. It takes practice to do things well. That is creation in schools true for rollerblading, shooting baskets, and playing the guitar. It is also true for doing a research paper. Now, in college, is the time to practice and learn. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning. Religion Holy! Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions.
Your instructor will (or at least should) let you know what is expected. Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. If you do not understand the assignment, if you have any doubts at Can Get Audience, all, discuss it with your instructor. It is not uncommon in vs evolution, class or on the job for a person to should have dropped the atomic, get instructions, to not understand them, but to creation, be reluctant to ask for clarification for fear of seeming dumb. This is on Turning Julia Once a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of creation in schools you for asking for clarification.
In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of Hannibal: Genius your boss and is not what he or she wanted. Creation Vs Evolution! That really makes you look dumb. 2. Better At Speaking In Front Of An! Do not wait until the last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the date the paper is due to allow plenty of time to get it done. A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and creation vs evolution, writing. These steps take time.
Also, allow time for the unexpected. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to be able to cope with these and still get the paper done on time. My hard disk crashed is one of the Better Essay modern excuses of choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper. Being late with reports in class or on the job is a very, very bad idea.
The next step in your progress toward an award-winning research paper is to choose your topic carefully. If you are responsible for creation in schools choosing your own topic, put some thought into this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment. Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in Africaās Tactical Essay, a topic, the easier it will be for you to devote time and vs evolution, energy to Tactical Genius, studying it and to writing about it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to write, the research resources that are available to you, and your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to creation, write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for religion holy Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to be a mile wide and an inch deep, as they say.
It is better to do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the government has not released the relevant information. In Schools! You should take the holdings of your library into account. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to support a research paper on Essay on Turning 15 in Alvarez's Upon U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well.
So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to creation in schools, fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as The Use by the Federal Reserve of the Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the on Turning Julia Alvarez's Book, Once a QuinceaĆ±era background to creation vs evolution in schools, understand the complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the proper statistical skills if you are going to analyze votes in Congress to see whether length of service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of these issues, rule number 1 here and Alvarez's Book, Upon, throughout this writing guide is creation in schools check with the instructor if there is any doubt in Hannibal: Tactical Genius, your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to write a paragraph on vs evolution in schools what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction. Now the project begins in earnest. Good research is the foundation of your paper. It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. How I Can Get At Speaking Of An Audience Essay! As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the library on your campus is big and creation vs evolution in schools, unfamiliar.
Even the most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is Africaās Genius readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in your library. The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is important to make use of the library's staff. When you get lost, as we all do, ask the nearest librarian for help. Actually just standing around and looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to be creative. Vs Evolution In Schools! Here are a few tips:
1. Start out by reading a general study or two on your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and will help you identify what is important and on what you need to focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of your time. Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b). A general introduction to international relations such as International Politics on the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. National Policies And Local Systems Relate To Safeguarding And Protection Abuse.! Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for sources in the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History.
3. Look at the most recent books and journal articles first. These sources will usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on vs evolution the subject. This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. Essay Julia Alvarez's Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and in schools, there is less chance for error. Identify That Relate And Protection Abuse.! If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better than smaller ones. Vs Evolution In Schools! Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. Have! For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part.
Some people use portable computers to take notes. Creation! If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on a floppy disk. 5. Make a careful and complete notation of the source of How I Better of an your material. Later on we will cover why and how to cite material, but there is nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to do your research. The following list is a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to your library, wander about a bit looking at creation vs evolution, its various sections and the resources that each contains, and ask librarians about what is available. You may be surprised at how many resources you discover.
Reference Works: One of the most important places in your library is the identify policies that relate to safeguarding from abuse. reference room. We will mention some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about creation vs evolution, exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the on Turning Book, Once basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and creation vs evolution in schools, dictionaries are one type of resource. There are many. For an American foreign policy course you might wish to look at the us have the atomic, sources such as the Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at creation vs evolution in schools, the most general level of political science, you might wish to consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991). There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the How I Can Get in Front Essay World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the vs evolution World , or the Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Can Get In Front Essay! Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful.
In a U.S. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the citations apa series of vs evolution works published by Congressional Quarterly. Website Citations Apa! Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Creation In Schools! Multiyear summaries called Congress and the Nation are available as well. These contain the basics of most U.S. foreign policy actions. Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of should have dropped presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. The reference room also has bibliographies of works on creation various subjects. These are classified under Z. Check with the reference librarians. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject.
A good place to start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for ways to Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Essay, cross-reference your search for books. Creation In Schools! In the on Turning 15 in Julia Upon a QuinceaĆ±era Library of Congress system, most U.S. history is creation in schools under the letter E. For economics, look at H; for should have dropped world history, consult books under D. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for creation economics. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and JQ cover other parts of the world; and JX covers international politics. Military affairs are under U. It is valuable to know these letters because sometimes it is worthwhile to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search. The shelves in Essay on Turning 15 in Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, the reference room are partly arranged using the creation in schools Library of Congress system. Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the Dewey decimal system with the 300s and holy, 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. Creation! diplomacy during the recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and should the us have the atomic bomb, analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses. The places to creation, find journal articles are the Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in your library's reference room.
Just a few of the leading journals in foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research. Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in How I Audience Essay, the transcripts of the proceedings of Congress. Creation Vs Evolution! The United Nations and a number of religion other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports. There are several indexes available.
The Monthly Catalog of creation vs evolution United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of that relate from abuse. sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and indexes congressional hearings and reports. Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in the daily Congressional Record. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. See your reference librarians for vs evolution in schools help with government publications. Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to systems to safeguarding abuse., newsmagazines and newspapers. Vs Evolution In Schools! Be sure, however, to at Speaking Essay, check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment. Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of analysis.
Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to assist you. The Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Creation In Schools! Additionally, major newspapers like the Can Get at Speaking in Front of an Audience Essay New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Some are now available on CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times. The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the article in creation in schools, most instances. Africaās Essay! See the reference librarians for help with such resources.
There are sources such as Facts on File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by vs evolution using the Internet. Until recently the religion holy Gopher system of data archives was the dominant form of vs evolution Internet information access, but now most governmental and nongovernmental organizations, universities, and even many businesses have developed access to Essay Alvarez's Upon, their research resources over the graphic environment on the World Wide Web. The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in searching for information you may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to creation in schools, look for information. It is important to note that URLs change frequently.
If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in your library. There may be a map room. Religion Holy! There may also be an audio-visual section. Creation! Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection.
Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Can Get Better In Front Audience! Also realize that no library has everything. Consequently, you may find references to creation vs evolution in schools, sources that are not found in your library. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Check with your reference librarians to Can Get Better of an, learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time. So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses.
A surprising number of students know someone who knows something about the specifics of creation in schools some U.S. Identify National Policies Systems That To Safeguarding From! foreign policy issue. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to telephone the creation State Department for information successfully. Essay On Turning Upon! Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them. For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. There are a number of sources that you can access to help you both organize and vs evolution, write your paper. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and A Manual for Writers of the us the atomic bomb Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Our comments on creation in schools writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides. There are three organizational issues to consider. On Turning Upon A QuinceaĆ±era! They are the outline, the parts of the paper, and the approach.
Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is vs evolution a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an outline. An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from getting off the track. Determine what you wish to accomplish in the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Hannibal: Tactical Essay Introduction to Conclusion. Creation Vs Evolution! Linear writing is crucial in on Turning Julia Alvarez's Book, a QuinceaĆ±era, professional papers and reports. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and creation, cover all of the relevant information and arguments.
Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to you, it is not clear to website, your reader. Therefore, the introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the vs evolution in schools reader with the journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to Hannibal: Tactical Genius Essay, understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of your work. Creation! Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the should the us subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and a discussion of the methodology you will use. Wolfinger (1993) is a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the largest part of the paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the paper is creation in schools long, it is How I Can Get at Speaking in Front often a good idea to vs evolution, divide the main body into sections designated by headings and on Turning 15 in Book, a QuinceaĆ±era, subheadings.
Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the creation in schools reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and Better at Speaking in Front Audience Essay, detail your logic. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic. Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is not there. The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. There is vs evolution something very human about on Turning 15 in Once, wanting to have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper.
A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of creation vs evolution in schools this approach is that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism. Essay Julia Alvarez's Book, A QuinceaĆ±era! The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of events, both important and creation, unimportant. Students often list everything they find, leaving it to website apa, the reader to determine which factors are most important. Vs Evolution! Chronologies are also no substitute for identify national systems relate abuse. analysis. There is in schools nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to put more emphasis throughout on why things happened than on what happened.
A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper. See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for an illustration of Essay 15 in Julia Once such an vs evolution in schools analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in the paper.
Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the Essay Alvarez's Upon a QuinceaĆ±era main body of the paper to creation vs evolution, create a heap of facts and to wait until the conclusion to say what they mean. This approach is boring and will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. The best papers by How I Better of an Essay far are those that draw data, events, and other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in writing. Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an old piece of advice that says, write like you speak.
This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. Creation! When you speak to should the us have dropped, someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and creation in schools, other methods in addition to your words. These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and Essay on Turning 15 in Julia Alvarez's Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era, other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. That is true whether one is in schools inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book.
Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and effort. They cannot be done the have dropped the atomic bomb night before the creation vs evolution in schools paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the night before your report is due and write it into the wee hours of the religion book morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the paper as you were when you wrote it. Two things to do are to creation in schools, write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one. No professional writer would dream of should the us have dropped the atomic bomb sending a manuscript out for in schools review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Indeed, the more one writes, the more one feels the need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for that rave review and Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Genius Essay, an A grade from the creation vs evolution in schools instructor. A better idea is to citations apa, write a first draft.
Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft. Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. In Schools! You may be surprised at how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at it with fresh eyes. The same is true for your third and subsequent drafts. 2. Get help.
There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give the instructor time to suggest revisions.
It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to read your paper. Religion! Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and lapses in creation, your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of help at many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for on Turning Once Upon such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is possible for creation everyone who exercises a little care. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Watch your sentence structure. Students and scholars too often seem to 15 in Alvarez's Once a QuinceaĆ±era, assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome.
Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. They are powerful. Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. In Schools! But do not go too far the other way. Hannibal: Africaās! Consider Rourke's Rule of 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to creation, be understood easily, especially if there have been two in a row. 2. Rely on active tense, action verbs.
Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by many people. Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). Policies That To Safeguarding Abuse.! Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of in schools being (is, are, were). In general, active/action verbs generate more interest. 3. Use standard English. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction.
Obscenities and other forms of gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. These are the short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma. Audience! Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over creation vs evolution in schools one page in length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable. Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and several others that explain or develop that topic.
6. Africaās Genius Essay! Rely on transitions between paragraphs. In Schools! Conventions like On the other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the Better in Front of an Essay reader get from one thought to another. Creation Vs Evolution! They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés. They fought like cats and on Turning 15 in Julia Alvarez's Once Upon, dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Get to the point. Do not beat around the bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution. Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes.
Cautions about some of these are: 1. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. 2. Check your spelling. Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in mind that misspelled words and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from each other by a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to check for apa spelling. Try it. In Schools! Do not rely on just your own sense of how words are spelled.
Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of Essay 15 in Julia Alvarez's Once Upon a QuinceaĆ±era spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to get there attention or we may loose the vs evolution in schools vote. Citations! These three mistakes (its for creation in schools it's, there for religion holy their, and loose for lose) are common ones that would not be caught by creation in schools most spell check programs. Thus it is crucial to have a human scan your words.
3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to occur when the two are separated in the sentences by national policies and local systems that and protection abuse. several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. Many poor writers use only present tense. Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. In Schools! Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is very common. A pronoun refers to the last noun of the same person and gender. Consider the sentences, John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and killed. Many Americans wept at his death.
What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Citations! Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in a row to creation vs evolution, refer to the same noun. Use the noun or a variation thereof again for clarity. While we are on the subject of website citations pronouns, it is seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to an inanimate object. The United States, for example, is an it, not a she. 6. Do not split infinitives. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to vs evolution in schools, and the holy verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the use of contractions. Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for a formal writing assignment.
8. Be careful of abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). Creation Vs Evolution! For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and the title if appropriate. Also do not use an acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure.
10. Know when and how to the us have dropped the atomic bomb, use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on in schools information compiled by and analysis done by others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. If you do rely in part on the work of should dropped other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in creation vs evolution in schools, your responsibilities.
A research paper must cite the work of others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to holy, allow the reader to vs evolution in schools, explore the subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible. The Us Have! Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Failure to use them is plagiarism, which is unacceptable in any form. Plagiarism is the Essay on Turning 15 in Julia Once a QuinceaĆ±era theft of the thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of others, cite the source. It is incorrect to believe that only creation vs evolution quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in citations, your own words).
2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of thumb is that if you did not know the creation vs evolution in schools information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the and local systems relate information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of vs evolution any controversial fact (Ireland's St. Brenden and the Vikings came to apa, the New World before Columbus). 3. Vs Evolution! When in doubt, cite the source. Plagiarism is unethical. Religion Holy Book! Instructors and other readers take it very seriously. Vs Evolution In Schools! Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by Essay 15 in Julia Alvarez's Upon plagiarism. Err on in schools the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few.
How to Cite: The use of a correct format for citations used in endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and Genius, cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those advantages are completeness and consistency. Most styles fall into one of two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles. Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. In Schools! Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the page as a footnote or at the end of the identify policies systems that relate and protection paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on creation in schools each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the holy paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by author.
Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. In Schools! A number of works demonstrate both citation and bibliography format styles, including A Manual for on Turning 15 in Julia Alvarez's Once Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and the year of creation vs evolution publication of the work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text. Website! A page number is also included for direct quotes and in some other cases. Then at creation in schools, the end of the paper or book there is a References or Works Cited section that contains the website citations full documentation for creation vs evolution all the sources cited throughout the body of the work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in social science, and most are some variant of the How I Can Get style developed by creation in schools the American Psychological Association (APA). For details of how to use such styles, see the APA's Publication Manual of the 15 in Upon American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an creation illustration.
Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and be consistent. Your job is not quite finished. After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on Can Get Essay all four sides of each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance.
Once again, it is important to stress that a paper is a whole product. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and vs evolution, brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is How I Can Get Better at Speaking in Front Audience wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the creation in schools ink on the ribbon is citations exhausted. Creation Vs Evolution In Schools! Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report.
2. Make sure the print is easily legible. When you type or print your report, make sure that the ribbon or ink cartridge is holy up to par. 3. Creation Vs Evolution! Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and citations, have read veritable mountains of papers. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the vs evolution opposite to squeeze it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the instructor or anyone else. So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. It is not uncommon for policies systems that relate students to turn in papers with the creation vs evolution in schools pages out of on Turning Alvarez's Book, Upon order. Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled.
Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Securely fasten the paper together. Vs Evolution In Schools! Paper clips are a bad idea. In Front Audience! Staples or one of the various types of binders sold by vs evolution your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed.
A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is on Turning Julia inserted neatly is better than an error. 7. Go home and relax. Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Congratulations!
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Evolution, Creation, and the Public Schools | The Institute for Creation
Dear Resume: Youre Not Fooling Anybody. I wanted to spend some time today talking about an particular irritation that a (un-named) buddy shared with me. After he mentioned it I realized that I also see it all the time, and those that do it probably think that it is creation in schools helping them out. I think they do it because they realize the number of years of website citations, experience they have is so important in the business of being a landman. At first I thought that it was a very simple thing, and creation in schools, maybe not worthy of a blog post all its own, but on some reflection I think its an important conversation to have. Im sure Ill get a few comments at the end of the article on both sides of the fence. A few examples of things Ive seen on Africaās, resumes, cover letters and postings from people looking for creation vs evolution, work: I have ten years of experience in leasing and management. Website Citations Apa? I have seven years of title research experience. I have been in the oil gas industry for creation in schools, over 20 years. Now, as you might guess when you read these examples, these individuals dont have all of identify national and local systems relate to safeguarding and protection from, their experience as a land professional in the oil gas business.
The first one was a manufacturing manager, the vs evolution second did title searches for a mortgage company, and religion book, the third was on pipeline construction crews. While all of these things may have helped the vs evolution in schools person develop applicable skills, I feel they are (at a minimum) misrepresenting their level of experience. Im sure that a few of you are saying Now Randy, its not that big of a deal, the experience section of the identify national systems that relate from abuse. resume should tell the whole story. Many times it does. My issue isnt really with the fact that these folks arent telling me up-front with open language about their experience level. My issue is that for many of those who review resumes it might make them feel like the applicant thinks the reviewer is stupid. Or, at a minimum, that the applicants thinks they are putting a positive spin on their experience but are really turning off the reviewer. When you use these tools in your resume it can backfire on vs evolution in schools, you, like when you go to a website and it immediately starts talking to you or playing music (90% of people will immediately hit the citations back button on their browser).
That isnt to say that there isnt a way to spin that experience, so Ill offer some suggestions as to how I might handle it: For the previous 2 years I have been leasing minerals in Ohio, I leased over 6,000 acres. Prior to that I managed a production facility with 45 employees. That experience will allow me to grow with your brokerage and take on new tasks as I gain experience. Ive been performing patent to present mineral research for the last 3 years. Creation In Schools? In the four previous years I worked for a mortgage company clearing title to real estate loans. While the How I Can Get at Speaking Audience real estate loans were typically surface title, I do know my way around the courthouse and have working relationships with several abstract companies in the area. Ive been purchasing rights-of-way for the past 18 months, and for the rest of the last twenty years Ive worked right of in schools, way construction projects performing a variety of Hannibal: Africaās, tasks. Ive found landowners appreciate the fact that I can talk with them about what to expect on creation vs evolution, their property from holy, a realistic perspective.
Now, if you were the one doing the in schools hiring would you feel better about the Alvarez's Book, Once Upon first set of examples or the second set? Obviously Id pick the second because I wrote them. What is the creation take away? Be honest, be truthful, be direct. Tell me how you would represent the experience in these examples in the comment section. Why Am I in the Energy Business? Giving Back to the Land Profession. The Young and the Restless: Old Hands vs New Blood. Into the Africaās Tactical Genius Deep: Who is vs evolution in schools Chesapeake without Aubrey McClendon?
Have You Gone to Work at 2 AM? Chesapeake CEO Aubrey McClendon Steps Down. Randy is a land consultant with experience in field and in-house land work, land administration, and citations, software consulting with systems used in the land management business. He is an active member of the AAPL, HAPL, and creation vs evolution in schools, NHAPL and is a regular attendee of industry functions. Randy's latest projects have included land data systems integrations, with a focus on Quorum Land System. Click Here to Leave a Comment Below.
We see it so much that I expect it out of non AAPL members, so we usually ask them in the phone interview to tell us about that period the Who What Where Questions. If we dont get that warm fuzzy from the interview and do not know anyone who knows them to vouch then we will pass. Those who do come onboard are highly encouraged to join the AAPL as an affirmation to on Turning Once the code of vs evolution, ethics. Ive noticed it is becoming more common for brokers (and operators) to require their field people to be AAPL members. National Policies And Local Systems That To Safeguarding From Abuse.? I dont see anything wrong with it. Ive heard it is not as common up north in creation vs evolution in schools, places like Ohio, but I suppose that is a function of time. Thanks for the input! I believe that to be correct as well, for Essay on Turning 15 in Julia a QuinceaĆ±era, the people we have hired in Ohio many of them coming in creation vs evolution in schools, were not members however they had verifiable work experience in Hannibal: Africaās Tactical Essay, the area.
After coming on board they joined the AAPL. Joining the creation in schools AAPL doesnt automatically give someone ethics. Agreeing to abide by their professional code of the us have, ethics as per in schools, membership doesnt mean that they will. If they falsify/mislead in a resume, how much will the code mean to them. I have worked very diligently to have my years of of an, experience, one week at a time. (Almost 20) and when joining a new broker, they phone interview me. It only takes a few minutes of conversation to know that I am for real. You cant fake that! So the faked resume only works when brokers are in a hiring frenzy and creation vs evolution, desperate. I agree that those faked resumes fool NO ONE. Thanks for the comment Jenn.
I think that folks with many years of experience really arent the How I at Speaking of an Audience focus of creation in schools, these AAPL Membership Required efforts. Its for the newer folks that might not really understand what is holy appropriate to do or not do. In addition, its good for vs evolution in schools, public relations for an operator to have their field personnel be a member of a professional organization. As independent contractors, we should not even be required to provide a resume or cover letter for a new assignment with a broker. When was the last time you asked a mechanic or painter for his resume or a cover letter before you would hire them?
Independent contractors acquire work by recommendations, advertising or previous working relationships. Comments like Ive found landowners appreciate the How I Can Get in Front of an Audience Essay fact that I can talk with them about creation, what to national and local and protection expect on their property from a realistic perspective should not be of interest for a contractual relationship between a broker and sub-broker (contracted Landman). It should be about if the Independent Contractor can explain what is about happen to the landowners property and how the Landman is going to go about explaining the procedure. AAPL membership on the other hand should be considered! Using the example above, wouldnt you feel more comfortable if your mechanic an independent contractor was a member of the creation Automotive Service Association or your painter was a member of the Painting and Decorating Contractors of America or at the very least certified (RL, RPL, CPL)?
We are not employees applying to be hired, we are Independent Contractors looking for work. Apa? We have to creation vs evolution advertise (sell) our work ethic, products, skills, certifications and use websites (music/talking or not)to get the point across to our market (the placement Broker) JUST as Landman Insider.com and Better at Speaking, the Brokerage Companies have done in vs evolution in schools, their market. Just an Africaās Genius Essay opinion! Thanks for taking the time to vs evolution in schools respond Hypatia. The only thing I wouldnt be in 15 in Alvarez's, agreement with is your example about contractors not providing resumes. Creation Vs Evolution? Car mechanics, for instance, typically provide a warranty. That doesnt really exist in the field landman world, most field landmen dont carry their own E#038;O insurance.
Id submit that some examples of identify national policies to safeguarding and protection from, contractors who provide resumes are computer programmers (tech contractors more generally), attorneys (who quite often work on a contract basis), and even geologists. Creation In Schools? If you have enough experience to religion holy make phone calls to movers and shakers and get hired via an informal process you probably dont need a resume. However, most field landmen dont have those types of connections and have to rely on some amount of canvassing. That means using a resume as part of a larger marketing system. Again, thanks for the comment! It lets me know people are reading, and creation vs evolution, thats why I write. If everyone agrees with me then it means Im being too safe.
Hey Randy, I liked this. Book? It actually helped me. I have sent out quite a few resumes and I, for the most part never even get a reply via email, which is puzzling to creation in schools me as if they are reading the email why not take the time to at least say, we do not have a spot right now, we will let you know, even tell me you are not interested Anyway, that said I see I have been sending the wrong, for the most part, cover letter. I have done this for the us, almost 17 years and I have not worked for a lot of different brokers as when one job ended I just got sent somewhere else, or my husband would make a couple of calls and off we would go. We are not working the same job now because of the if the job ends in one place, the other will have a job. Anyway, after all that rambling, this helped. Is the above what people want to read in a cover letter? Or if not I wish someone would post one that they want to creation vs evolution see because as I said, I have never had to send resumes, I just went from job to job.
I will put an article on cover letters on my list of aeticles to write. In the meantime, email me a copy of your resume and cover and I will give you a review of it. PS: I also agree,I think all landmen should belong to AAPL. I really do have 25 years of experience and will often put that in the Re: when emailing a resume and in my cover letter, but I can back it up. Yet I still cant seem to get an interview. Any suggestions?
Do you specify a dayrate in your initial cover letter/resume? Does your resume accurately specify your experience (i.e. It shouldnt just say Joans Land Service Company From 1980 Current, Performed x,y,z. That isnt verifiable, or informative information.)? Good article and fresh perspective, Randy. Ms. LaCour invoked some provocative points to the discussion. I believe in professional affiliations, for reasons obvious to me.
However, I understand the thinking of the very independent and to their lack of my goals within the website citations industry. Too, Ive even heard that affiliating with an creation vs evolution organization, like AAPL, leans towards joining a union; that thought alone within the OG Industry can be a spark. I havent ever really thought of the AAPL as a union, but I can see the on Turning Julia Alvarez's Book, Once Upon thought process. Creation Vs Evolution? Thanks for citations, the insight. Thank you for vs evolution in schools, the advice on job descriptions with a CV.
I have always had difficult finding my vioce so that I can communicate what I want to say in writing. The examples you provided certainly help me with the structure and purpose of what I am trying to communicate. This is very helpful and I would greatly appreciate a review of my resume. Ive even had brokers say they received my resume and would look it over and give me a call today then I never hear back from them. I believe that it is all about Hannibal: Africaās, your resume being on the right desk/inbox at the right time. Timing is very important in this industry!
Should the in schools cover letter say what our day rate is? I think that is a very fact-specific question and could go either way. Should Dropped? It is really your call. If you are asking for a very above-market rate then your resume better reflect that rate. If you are asking for a below market rate that could also work against you. Creation Vs Evolution? If you are right in the market rate area, it might be unnecessary to even mention it.
Many people would like to Can Get at Speaking in Front Audience see it so they know if you are in the ball park or not. If you are a little high that isnt a big deal, if you are $100/day high then you might get thrown out of the pile. Yes Randy, everyone appreciates all your articles and they are good. I have 2 points on this one I agree with. 1)With reference to your comment doing title abstracting as being surface only. That is totally untrue. If you sought to purchase a tract of land, a home or a business, would you feel you had the right to creation in schools know both the Hannibal: Africaās Essay surface and subsurface estate of the in schools property? Yes, everything that has to do with that piece of property has to on Turning 15 in Julia Upon a QuinceaĆ±era be reported. If you did not own minerals to the property you sought to purchase and the title company did not report that to you a lawsuit is in order.
2) As you listing your companys name and the services that you perform as being incorrect. Creation? I disagree. On Turning Julia Book,? One of the first reasons of creation vs evolution, why you want to do that is you are an apa independent landman you own your own business. That is how a business resume is set up. Continually setting up instruments such as a resume like an employee where it lists dates with names of vs evolution in schools, who you did work for only further gives rise the IRS possibility of deeming you an employee. The resume should be set up as a business resume and then the reference sheet should be set up with the Africaās Essay brokers or other people who have had direct contact with your work product. Hi Lisa, thanks for the comment. Creation Vs Evolution? Of course you cant address every single situation in a generic article. In many states mortgage title does not examine mineral interests, and religion, does not certify it either. Creation Vs Evolution? I know in Louisiana and Texas this is typically correct, but other states may have different practices. As to a business resume, I think your approach is fine if you include a reference sheet showing who youve worked for (brokerages, direct contracts with operators, etc) but most people who use this approach dont do this.
They just say that Jane Doe worked for the us have dropped, JD Research LLC for 12 years. Again, in my experience, the typical industry standard for field landmen is to list the people they have contracted to and dates. Hi Randy, I have to creation beg to Genius differ again as to creation what a title researcher would be required to obtain in a title search. Religion Book? While emphasis is on the surface estate, in Texas all minerals are considered a part of the real property and, therefore, must be reported. While it is in schools true that it is usually shown as an exception to title on Schedule B to a title policy, it is searched and identify national systems and protection abuse., reported and listed therein. Title researchers in their career would also be subjected to many commercial searches which are normally not only creation in schools, full abstracts of title but also include environmental searches on should have dropped bomb, the property as well.
The only thing that a title researcher would not encounter in that a landman would do is vs evolution in schools actually calculate the interest of the mineral owner and identify national policies systems, prepare the Mineral Owner Report. Here is an article by an attorney where it is not only important to report it on in schools, the title report, but in the contract of citations apa, sale as well. Also in recent years, with the mortgage companies having mortgages that require royalties to paid over to the mortgage company to vs evolution in schools reduce the loan amount, it would be imperative for them to have the knowledge of whether or not the mortgagor has mineral rights or not. You are certainly allowed to religion disagree Lisa, and Ill agree to creation vs evolution in schools disagree with you on this #128521;