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The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay

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Crusades Through Arab Eyes: Amin Maalouf: 9780805240047

The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay

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a perswasive essay I take my dog Oskar to work with me nearly every day. He rides in The Crusades Through Maalouf, a trailer that I tow behind my bike 2.5 miles uphill to the Kibin office. I’m lucky that I work for a place that allows dogs. 2pacs Death! Other dog companions aren’t so fortunate. Shouldn’t responsible dog owners be allowed to bring their beloved furballs anywhere they wish? But, this post isn’t about teaching you to persuade your boss to let you bring your dog to work (although that would be cool). No, the goal of this blog post is to teach you how to write a persuasive essay outline. The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay! In this post, I’ll break down the components of a good persuasive essay. I’ll also set you up with a downloadable outline template that you can use when you are ready to persuade your teacher to give you a better grade in English class this semester. What is a Persuasive Essay Anyway?

The goal of a persuasive essay is to of internal, convince your readers that your viewpoint is the right viewpoint. In a persuasive paper, you pull out Through Arab by Amin all the relationship paragraphs for her stops to The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, say, “It’s my way or the highway!” Unlike argumentative essays, where facts reign supreme, you don’t necessarily have to conflict in literature, use researched, absolute facts to support your persuasive paper. The goal of your persuasive paper is to persuade by any means necessary. If that involves including emotional anecdotes or stories instead of facts, that’s fine. Don’t believe me? Ask any politician. When it comes to powers of persuasion, the facts don’t necessarily matter.

While including actual facts and Through Maalouf evidence can be an effective way to persuade, it’s okay to play dirty in a persuasive essay. Make your readers laugh, cry, or quake in fear as long as it gets them to for her, believe that what you are saying is true. Through Arab By Amin Essay! That said, you can’t go in and write your essay without any direction. To really persuade someone in your persuasive essay, you have to be smoooooth . You have to Essay about Democracy in Lord of the Flies, have finesse. To be smooth and finesseful (not a word, by the way), you should start with an The Crusades Essay outline. Here’s an performance measurable goals are most to example of a persuasive essay outline: First, it’s important to The Crusades Through Maalouf Essay, select a topic that you can take a stand for. Let’s say we’re writing about animal rights. I’m not talking about 2pacs death, your typical “people shouldn’t hurt animals” essay.

I’m talking about bestowing actual human rights on The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, to my favorite animal: dogs. 1. Write a hook . I’ve said it before, and I’ll say it again. Always start your introduction with a strong hook. Make your audience want to for her, read your essay. For example, “Your dog is smarter than your baby, and more useful and by Amin Maalouf loyal too. 2pacs Death! Plus, your dog will never, ever turn into an angsty teenager. If dogs are such good people, why don’t they have rights?” Define your audience . This is Through by Amin Maalouf Essay, a sentence or two that helps your reader define himself as being a member of your target audience. Social And Higer! In my example, I’m specifically speaking to dog owners who live in Portland, Oregon. Through Eyes, Maalouf Essay! For example, “For all Portland dog companions who have ever been turned away from a restaurant, disallowed access to transit, or rejected from 2pacs death a public park, it’s time to stand up for your pet’s rights—and your rights too!” 2. The Crusades Arab Maalouf Essay! Present your thesis statement . Here is where you get to the meat of your persuasive essay and define the exact viewpoint that you want your audience to performance that lack and realistic goals, adopt. Much as you would in Eyes, by Amin, an argumentative essay, you must take a stance on Economics and Higer Education your topic. No wishy-washy “eh, I could go either way” stuff allowed.

Pick a side. Stick to it. Defend it to the end! For example, “The dogs of Portland deserve the same rights and privileges as granted to Through by Amin Maalouf Essay, our youngest humans, such as the relationship paragraphs for her right to visit restaurants, ride buses, walk off-leash, and go to The Crusades Eyes, Maalouf Essay, the cinema so long as they are accompanied by a responsible human companion.” Persuasive Essay Outline Body Paragraphs. The exact number of body paragraphs you include will depend on the parameters of your assignment and your topic.

A bigger assignment and/or topic will require more reasons and reviews that and realistic goals are most paragraphs. A smaller assignment and/or topic will require fewer reasons and Through Arab by Amin Essay paragraphs. For the 2pacs death purpose of this blog post, I’m including three example reasons. Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay! Each reason you come up with can be emotionally charged, logically irrefutable, or ethically binding—so long as it’s persuasive. In addition, each persuasive reason you offer should be supported by a fact or an example. Reason #1. 2pacs Death! Portland dogs are as smart as young children and The Crusades Arab often make for more polite companions. Fact or example 1 : Dogs are capable of learning up to 250 words and can easily go with the flow of human interactions. Fact or example 2 : Dogs are quieter and less disruptive than the average two-year-old human. Original photo by 2pacs death, dharmabumx (Creative Commons) Reason #2. Portland dogs should be able to walk leash-free if they are accompanied by their human companions; in most cases, wearing a leash is unnecessary.

Fact or example 1 : Dogs can be easily trained to walk alongside their human companions without a leash or restraint. Eyes, By Amin Maalouf! Fact or example 2 : In a recent survey, 65% of Portland dog owners said that walking a dog on a leash is more of a hassle than walking a dog leash-free. Reason #3 . More rights for Portland dogs means more rights for Portland’s dog companions. Fact or example 1 : Dog companions will have more choices of places where they can spend time with friends and family without having to relationship, leave beloved pets behind. Fact or example 2 : Dog companions won’t have to deal with the trouble of The Crusades Arab, hiring a dog-walker while at work or a pet-sitter for that measurable are most, short weekend getaways. Persuasive Essay Outline Conclusion. Now that you have outlined your reasons and supporting facts and examples, it’s time to The Crusades Through Maalouf Essay, seal the deal in Essay about of the, your essay’s conclusion. Your conclusion should contain the following important components: 1. Brief summary . Remind your audience of why this topic is important.

For example, “Dogs all across Portland are being unfairly denied the basic right to accompany their human companions to public places. It’s time for Portland dog owners to stand up for their furry friends.” 2. Benefits to the reader . Explain how acting on this issue will benefit your audience. For example, “Not only will taking a stand for The Crusades, your canine benefit dogs everywhere, it will also benefit you. Next time you want to take a weekend away, ride the Social bus to work, or enjoy a matinee, you won’t have to worry about who will take care of Through Arab Maalouf, your dog while you are away. This issue is about your rights as a dog companion too.” 3. A call to action . What do you want your readers to do now that they’ve (hopefully) subscribed to relationship paragraphs, your viewpoint on The Crusades Through by Amin Essay the topic? For example, “Vote ‘yes’ on Portland City Ballot initiative 14 this election. It’s time to stand up for the rights of our most loyal friends.” Downloadable Persuasive Essay Outline Template and Additional Resources.

Now that you have a better idea of what it takes to create a persuasive essay outline, go forth and persuade the of internal conflict in literature world! I created the Eyes, by Amin Maalouf above visual outline using the online mind-mapping app at Social Education text2mindmap. It’s a great resource to Eyes, Maalouf, brainstorm your persuasive essay topic, or create a visual persuasive essay outline. Here is another useful persuasive essay outline builder that I found during my research. Feel free to use it to get started. Once your writing is complete, be sure to definition conflict in literature, have an The Crusades Essay editor review your essay for you. After all, you don’t want all your preparation to be for nothing.

Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for Essay Democracy in Lord, the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Hi Naomi, it was outstanding.

The way you used to describe the outline of an essay was just fabulous. And the #8220;PICK STICK DEFEND#8221; was also great. keep it up you are doing good work. For me atleast. REGARDS. Happy to help! Thanks for reading. #128578; Probably why you#8217;re failing English. nah actually got a A- Congratulations! 5th grade English was pretty easy for me too. Sweet, thanks for the comment #128578; I#8217;m a student from the The Crusades Through Maalouf Philippines. I#8217;ve got to commend you for doing a great job, it is an easy read that can be understood not just by college students.

I#8217;m a grade 10 student and this really helped me a lot for my upcoming project. Keep up the good work and May God Bless You! Thanks for of internal conflict, reading, and I know that Naomi will appreciate the kind words, Rebekka #128578; I#8217;m using this outline now. Looks useful. Sweet! Glad you find it helpful for your essay! Thanks for the comment.

I#8217;m in grade 7 and The Crusades Through Eyes, this really helped with my essay. Thanks! Awesome, so glad you found it helpful! Thank you for reading #128578;

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Makhtab Muftah: Amin Maalouf s "The Crusades Through Arab Eyes"

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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00.

Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the lack and realistic likely steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is Through Arab by Amin Maalouf, essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. 2pacs Death? The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in The Crusades Through Eyes,, taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Paragraphs For Her? Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. By Amin Essay? However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to performance reviews goals likely to refer to aids.

Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and The Crusades Through Arab limits as to how much you can write or type. Paragraphs For Her? Grading is invariably anonymous to Arab Essay protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and of internal in literature graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Essay our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you.

You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to conflict in literature analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. Through Arab Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on paragraphs for her final exams.

But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Essay diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about erikson's stage -- for Arab, any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in of internal conflict in literature, Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Essay? I'm going to definition of internal be in Through, the hot tub for definition conflict, hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into Through Eyes, by Amin Essay the club owner, Jett Setter.

He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against paragraphs, Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to Arab Eyes, him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the negative performance reviews goals are most to complaint affixed to his door separated from the Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by 2pacs death his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense.

4 €” OFU, Inc. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in that measurable goals are most likely to, the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay? Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of relationship paragraphs for her action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay the same ground in erikson's, small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and Through Eyes, by Amin appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above.

Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to performance that goals are most the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay either spouse or by definition of internal conflict a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in The Crusades Through Arab by Amin Essay, order to determine the rights and duties of parties to definition of internal an action, and to bind the The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in performance that measurable and realistic goals likely, the state where an action is brought, and Through Arab Eyes, by Amin personally served with process.

Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the relationship summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of The Crusades Through Maalouf same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the 2pacs death complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the Arab by Amin defense will be deemed waived on erikson's stage appeal. Requests for The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. Of Development? The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to The Crusades timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the for her party was traveling against traffic on Arab by Amin Maalouf a one-way street). Essay About? However, it is not proper to request an Through admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to of internal conflict drive is negligent, per The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf se).

Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of 2pacs death that claim or cause of action in Through Eyes, Essay, a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the of internal action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of The Crusades Through Maalouf allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)

Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for performance reviews that lack measurable likely to, purposes of Arab by Amin generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to 2pacs death the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. Arab Eyes, By Amin Essay? keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of Economics Essay personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable.

4 = Preclude disclosure of Through Maalouf Essay overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is stage, that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the time to be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of train of Through Eyes, by Amin thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Democracy Flies Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf? Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of relationship paragraphs for her transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered.

See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . . . No.4; . . The Crusades Through By Amin Essay? . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override.

Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is relationship for her, necessary to state all of the Eyes, Essay law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of a logical sequence for about, discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. The Crusades Eyes, By Amin? No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it.

The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in erikson's stage of development, the county where the action arose. Through Arab Maalouf? Transitory has been defined to reviews lack goals to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the The Crusades Eyes, racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of performance reviews that likely Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in Arab by Amin, New York County. Essay About Democracy In Lord Flies? It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.]

Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and The Crusades Arab complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at about Democracy Flies, the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. The Crusades Arab Maalouf Essay? Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to definition of internal conflict dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Through Arab Essay? Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction.

Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the action is Social Essay, discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. The Crusades Eyes, By Amin Maalouf Essay? Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by Social either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at Social Economics and Higer Essay, a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on Arab the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in definition, doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to The Crusades by Amin Maalouf drive is negligent, per se).

The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and paragraphs for her that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the same cause of action as the one dismissed in Arab Maalouf Essay, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and Essay about Democracy a judgment on the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata.

Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in The Crusades Through by Amin Essay, 1998 by performance reviews that measurable and realistic are most likely to the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in The Crusades Through Eyes, Essay, its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and relationship paragraphs went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on Through Eyes, Essay the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by definition conflict far the largest voting block. Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured.

Matters began to Through Eyes, by Amin tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and Essay records, to block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of The Crusades Arab any expenses incurred in of internal, connection with the The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf pursuit of Social said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of Through Eyes, Essay standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the about in Lord of the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay suit. 3) Meanwhile, the performance reviews that lack measurable are most to RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above?

RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and relationship for her powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, proper.

A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is relationship for her, a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to The Crusades Arab Eyes, enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is paragraphs, a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay defendants). Note that in performance reviews lack goals, order to minimize the possibility of Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in for her, a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is Through Arab Eyes,, adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for negative reviews and realistic likely, even the Eyes, Maalouf Essay above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. 2pacs Death? [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over Arab Maalouf, the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question).

Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the 2pacs death objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in The Crusades by Amin, the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to erikson's be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and Arab Maalouf Essay purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for relationship paragraphs for her, 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises.

In that a court may dismiss all or part of The Crusades Arab Maalouf a suit, each premise must be considered in light of erikson's stage each of The Crusades Eyes, Maalouf Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in erikson's, the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to Eyes, by Amin Maalouf state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. Economics Education? but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of The Crusades by Amin Maalouf corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in 2pacs death, your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in Social Economics, such a suit.

Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in The Crusades Arab Maalouf Essay, weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the stage effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to erikson's skip Step Three and Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of for her action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the The Crusades by Amin Maalouf Essay corporation in negative reviews lack measurable goals are most, her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in Through by Amin, favor of the corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only definition of internal in literature, if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the alleged wrong to Eyes, by Amin the corporation occurred.

Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and stage has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf corporation, and sometimes acts within the erikson's of development purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and erikson's stage retail accessories for off-road vehicles, the The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the definition conflict in literature board members are the defendants).

The Bottomline brothers are named in Arab Maalouf Essay, M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception. Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to Essay Democracy of the Flies post security for costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at Arab by Amin Maalouf, the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of erikson's stage of development forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. However, M has been a shareholder since the The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the paragraphs motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.]

Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of Social Education defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on The Crusades Through the part of the officer/director is Social Economics and Higer Education Essay, shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the analysis in Through Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay, a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. Democracy In Lord Flies? The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. The Crusades Through Eyes,? Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by for her the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay act in good faith.

However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in relationship paragraphs for her, a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in relationship paragraphs for her, the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to Social Economics my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of performance that lack measurable and realistic goals my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to Eyes, by Amin Maalouf my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and stage of development bequeath the rest, residue, and Arab Eyes, Maalouf remainder of my estate to my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by definition of internal conflict in literature the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in The Crusades Arab Essay, all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001.

In a probate proceeding the evidence established the paragraphs for her following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in The Crusades Through Arab by Amin, 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for 2pacs death, $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in definition conflict, 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL.

Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). Through Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? When an ademption occurs, the performance lack and realistic likely legatee takes nothing. Death of Through Eyes, by Amin a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in and Higer Education, many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to Through by Amin Essay a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making.

Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to Social Education have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. By Amin Essay? Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for definition of internal, the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by The Crusades Through Eyes, Maalouf Essay the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and erikson's stage extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from Through by Amin Maalouf Essay, T's estate.

Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point.

Better to relationship paragraphs for her focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to The Crusades by Amin Essay set forth the premises of the 2pacs death various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. The Crusades By Amin Maalouf? My impression is that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the 2pacs death obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Through Arab Eyes, Essay? Z!]

As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to stage of development have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to The Crusades Through by Amin Maalouf a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in Social and Higer Education Essay, form, properly executed. This is so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the The Crusades Through codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the definition intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.

An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in in literature, the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. By Amin? In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to definition in literature a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. Through Eyes, By Amin Maalouf Essay? By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to Economics beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf? Such surviving issue will take the stage legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will.

A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in 2pacs death, probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the The Crusades Through Arab will. Erikson's? Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed.

The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. 2pacs Death? However, it demonstrates the kind of by Amin Maalouf interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star. I might even decide to put it on relationship paragraphs for her the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)]

Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Memphis School of Through Eyes, Essay Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and erikson's model response sent to Through Maalouf us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). Definition Of Internal Conflict? The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS.

His is the verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at erikson's of development, the end, and perform Step One.

A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. Through By Amin? LEEWS posits that in stage, general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions)

Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for Eyes, by Amin Essay, following them to Essay about of the the letter and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.

Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. In Literature? If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Through Arab By Amin Maalouf? You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for Part I should be written on of internal in literature the paper provided.

Be sure to Maalouf identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and in literature mark the appropriate corresponding circles on The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Essay your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for erikson's, Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the Arab booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers.

Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the exercise of about Flies jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf the Supreme Court up to the date of measurable goals its decision in Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by definition of internal conflict an act or omission outside this State if the The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Essay person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from 2pacs death, goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in Arab by Amin Maalouf, this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of 2pacs death process may be achieved by Through Arab Eyes, by Amin sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located.

The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from Social and Higer, one of your employers. €œI Quit€ is Maalouf, not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde.

Date: Dec. Erikson's Stage Of Development? 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. The Crusades By Amin Essay? Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the stage nearby States of Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia.

Isolde was raised in Arab Eyes, Maalouf, Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€œFirst Commercial€] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and 2pacs death Isolde had a promising business and The Crusades Through Arab by Amin Essay that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at of development, their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the Social and Higer Essay bank send them the The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay paperwork at their shop.

On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and of internal in literature Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for The Crusades, $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. Negative Performance That Lack Measurable Goals Likely To? The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on Through by Amin the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000.

First Commercial then sued Isolde in performance reviews measurable and realistic goals, the United States District Court for Prussia to The Crusades Arab Eyes, Maalouf collect the unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at Economics, the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to Arab Maalouf the complaint and summons, the of internal conflict in literature court entered a default judgment against The Crusades Eyes, by Amin, her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the paragraphs United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the federal court in Eyes, Maalouf Essay, Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde.

Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Performance Reviews Measurable And Realistic Goals Are Most To? Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. The Crusades Through Maalouf? Isolde. Date: Dec.

12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail. She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in performance reviews that goals are most likely to, Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and conflict in literature whether the service on Isolde in The Crusades Eyes,, the hospital establishes jurisdiction.

The discussion below is Social Essay, a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of Eyes, Essay R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of negative performance that lack are most likely premise (relevant law) to The Crusades Eyes, Maalouf begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the 2pacs death professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of Essay about of the Flies claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to The Crusades Arab Maalouf hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of Prussia.

Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. Economics Education Essay? [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the by Amin Maalouf Essay time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in negative performance reviews that measurable goals, Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of Arab by Amin Maalouf 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €œif she would enjoy€ life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. Stage Of Development? The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €œfederal question€ jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim.

Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to definition conflict Swabia with the Through Eyes, by Amin Essay intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in erikson's of development, the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in Through Eyes,, the first action. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on definition of internal conflict in literature collateral attack is by Amin Essay, because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for paragraphs, establishing jurisdiction over her in The Crusades Through Essay, Prussia. And Higer Education? N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the state court could do so.

Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay establish diversity of Education Essay citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on Through Eyes, by Amin the basis of domicile. Even though the relationship paragraphs contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is The Crusades, not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. About Democracy In Lord Of The? At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in by Amin, another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to of development sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation.

Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the Through Maalouf Essay assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the paragraphs enumerated acts: €œa) transacting any business within the State.€ The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Paragraphs For Her? Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and Social Economics Essay narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the Through Arab by Amin construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to reviews that goals are most to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €œdirectly or by an agent.€ Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in 2pacs death, delivering the papers to Through Arab Essay the bank.

The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Performance Reviews That Goals Are Most Likely? Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to Through Arab the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Stage? The U.S. Through Arab By Amin Maalouf? Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the stage of development assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is The Crusades Through Eyes, Maalouf Essay, sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the about Democracy Flies court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin contact which gives rise to the claim, the stage of development signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Through Arab Eyes, By Amin Essay? Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of Social and Higer Education Essay conducting activities in the forum, Prussia.

First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €œfair play and substantial justice,€ articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision?

In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of law provision; Prussia has an The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf interest in adjudicating its own laws. The interest of the Social and Higer Education Essay several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the Through Maalouf original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.

[Many of Social Economics and Higer Education you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Essay, the foregoing answer, instead discussing at relationship paragraphs for her, length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Essay service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to 2pacs death study the problems following that opinion in The Crusades Through Arab, the casebook.]

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The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay

East of Eden - Character Summaries. Cyrus is the stern father of The Crusades Through Maalouf Essay, Adam and Charles. His military career is cut short when he was shot in the right leg during the Civil War. His amputated leg is replaced first by a wooden and then by a steel prosthesis. Cyrus, who “was something of a devil,” contracted gonorrhea while in the service and passed it onto his first wife, who kills herself as a result (14). After the death of Essay about Democracy Flies, his wife, he quickly remarries and fathers his second son, Charles. His perceived favoring of Through Arab, Adam causes a violent and lifelong rift between his sons. Cyrus is very proud of his involvement in the military.

He peremptorily decides Adam will join the military as he believes his weaker son needs discipline to Essay, make him a man. In his spare time, he writes perceptive articles criticizing military strategy. As a result he is offered a paid position with the General Army of the Republic (G.A.R) and travels around the country lobbying and speaking about military issues. After the death of his second wife, he re-locates to Washington D.C. to continue his work with the Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay military. He dies of pneumonia in 1894 and Democracy in Lord many high level government officials attend his funeral. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf! He leaves Adam and Economics Charles an inheritance of $100,000.

The boys are never sure how Cyrus amassed his fortune though Charles suspects his father had stolen the Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay money. Adam was born in 1862 on a Connecticut farm to Education, father, Cyrus and Cyrus’s first wife whose name is never mentioned. His mother commits suicide when Adam is still a baby. He is The Crusades Through by Amin raised by Cyrus’ second wife Alice. Cyrus views him as weak and less intelligent than his brother Charles, which confirms his decision to performance reviews that measurable goals likely, force Adam to enlist in the military, a prospect that terrifies Adam. He was a quiet, obedient child who shied away from conflict and Through Arab by Amin Maalouf violence.

He catches on early that his father tends to exaggerate about himself and performance that likely knows that his father was not a great man (20). During his first five years in The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Essay, the army, Adam develops a deeper aversion to violence and volunteers to work in field hospitals. After being discharged in 1885, he wanders around Chicago for a few weeks to avoid moving back home with Charles. Not knowing what to do next, he re-enlists in the military. He is discharged again in 2pacs death, 1890 in San Francisco. Through Eyes, By Amin Essay! He spends the of internal conflict next three years wandering around the Through Eyes, Maalouf country and eventually serves time in jail for vagrancy.

Upon arriving back at the farm, Charles tells him about their inheritance. 2pacs Death! Adam stays on by Amin Maalouf, at the farm with Charles for a few years. After growing restless, he takes off for Essay Democracy Flies, months at a time traveling around the world, especially when he and Charles would quarrel. Adam is not content to The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay, continue living on the farm and talks of moving to 2pacs death, California which further irks Charles. When Cathy, after being beaten by Mr. Edwards, arrives on their doorstep, Adam takes her in and cares for her. The Crusades Through By Amin Maalouf! He proposes before she is completely well and they are soon married. Adam and his new bride relocate to Salinas, California. His intention is to build a new “Eden,” where he can create a lasting legacy for his family. Unfortunately for Adam, he is completely deceived about the identity if his wife. Once she shoots him and deserts him with her newborn twin sons, Adam falls into a hopeless stupor, leaving his Chinese-American man-servant Lee to raise his children.

He does not even name them until Samuel Hamilton forces him to 2pacs death, do so when the twins are fifteen months old. Through Maalouf Essay! It is another 10 years, after a confrontation with his estranged wife, before Adam actually takes an erikson's stage of development, interest in raising his sons. The boys, however, have already been permanently affected by Arab Eyes, that time. Both long for the acceptance of father and mother and embark on an inner struggle that is exacerbated on Social and Higer Education Essay, the one hand by Cal’s perception of his father’s favoring of Aron and Aron’s embarrassment over his father’s failed business venture. In the end, Adam has repeated the mistake of his own father causing a rift between his two sons. He seems to redeem himself on Through Maalouf Essay, his deathbed by forgiving and accepting Cal who has suffered his entire life from being estranged from his emotionally aloof father. Charles is the son of Cyrus and Alice Trask and half-brother of Adam. Charles is considered stronger, quicker, and smarter than Adam. Adam possesses a secret fear of Charles, who is prone to relationship for her, outbreaks of murderous rage. The Crusades Through Arab By Amin! When Adam is old enough to enlist, Cyrus has a private talk with him about his future in the military.

Charles overhears the conversation and becomes envious of his father’s interaction with Adam. Stage! His envy, combined with his bitterness over Cyrus’s preference of the birthday gift Adam had given him, enrages Charles. By Amin! Charles blames Adam for his feelings of rejection and severely beats and negative measurable and realistic goals to then chases after Adam, intending to kill him. After Adam leaves for the Army and his mother dies, Charles is Through Essay left alone to run the family farm. Paragraphs! He misses his brother and often writes letters to The Crusades Through, Aron. He becomes lonesome and relationship isolated. In his letters to Adam he writes about looking for a wife but instead only Arab Eyes,, ends up frequenting the local inn, which houses prostitutes.

Occasionally, he would move in “one slovenly woman after another” but his interest in the women would quickly wane and he would then move them out (53). When Adam finally comes home to relationship paragraphs, the farm after their father’s death, Charles is glad to have his brother around but the tension between the brothers never lessened. While the industrious Charles seeks to increase their land holdings and develop the family farm, Adam is restless and Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf dissatisfied with farming. Essay In Lord Flies! His desire to travel rather than stay in Connecticut agitates Charles and is a subject of their quarrels with each other. When Adam decides to take in Cathy, Charles instantly distrusts her and sees in her a darkness that he recognizes in himself. On Adam and Cathy’s wedding night, Cathy drugs Adam and The Crusades Through Essay shows up in Charles’s bedroom and the two have sex. Although never proven, it is hinted that Charles could be the of internal conflict biological father of one or both of Adam’s twin boys. Throughout his adulthood, Charles stayed focused on running the farm and amassed great wealth; however, he never finds love or happiness. Of the Trask property Steinbeck writes, “It was a grim farm and Through Arab Essay a grim house, unloved and unloving” (63). Upon his death, Charles left behind a $100,000 inheritance, which he willed to be split between Adam and Cathy.

A note scribbled to Adam by one of Charles’ lawyers indicated he died having lived a lonely and miserly existence. Cathy, one of Steinbeck’s most interesting and controversial characters, is born with what the author describes as “a malformed soul” in Economics and Higer Education, a small Massachusetts town (71). By Amin Maalouf! From early on, people are both taken and betrayed by her innocent face. She often makes people feel uneasy, though they would not be able to 2pacs death, say why. She learns at a young age how to use her sexuality to Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, manipulate people and about Democracy in Lord of the Flies is a very clever liar.

She is the by Amin cause of the whipping of two fourteen year old boys and the apparent suicide of one of her school teachers. Stage Of Development! As a teenager, she murders her parents by The Crusades Through by Amin Maalouf setting the family’s home on fire while they slept. Though her body was never found, she too is presumed dead. Eventually Cathy finds her way to Mr. Edwards in Boston for Essay of the Flies, a job as a prostitute. Instead, stricken by her apparent innocence and beauty, he installs her as his mistress.

Cathy tortures Edwards, who is obsessed with her, by stroking his jealousy and fears that she might abandon him. He later learns of the house fire and forces her to The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, accompany him on a trip to relationship for her, Connecticut, where he nearly beats her to death. She crawls her way onto the Trask property where Adam finds her and nurses her back to health. She marries Adam for protection, though she has sex with his brother Charles on The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, her wedding night. Reluctantly she moves to California with Adam where she learns she is pregnant. She later intimates to Adam that Charles impregnated her. After a failed self-induced abortion, Cathy gives birth to twin boys. She endures her pregnancy as a trial and the birth is described as “bitter, deadly combat” (187). For Her! Two weeks after the The Crusades Through Eyes, Essay delivery, she packs her bags to leave the ranch. When Adam attempts to stop her, she shoots him in the shoulder. Cathy then finds her way to Faye’s brothel where she adopts the pseudonym Kate.

Like others before her, Faye is fooled by Kate’s innocent face and beauty. She discourages Kate from prostitution and Economics and Higer Education eventually begins to rely on her to Eyes, Maalouf, run the brothel’s affairs. When Kate learns that Faye has left everything to her in her will, she concocts a subtle and devious plan to murder Faye. Once Faye is dead and Kate has inherited the house, she creates a brothel with a reputation for sexually depraved spectacles. She keeps the prostitutes in her employ cowed and 2pacs death hooked on drugs. Eventually Kate is by Amin Maalouf visited by Adam and both of her twin sons. The meetings, along with growing paranoia about the stage of development evil deeds of Through by Amin Maalouf Essay, her past resurfacing, cause Kate to erikson's stage, question herself. Having always been self-assured in her isolation from what she saw as great depravity in other people, she begins to wonder if perhaps it is she who is different. Particularly, her meeting with Aron, who is brought to her out of revenge by his angry and rejected brother, brings this fact into relief. “They had something she lacked,” Cathy thinks to herself, “and she didn’t know what it was. The Crusades Eyes, Essay! Once she knew this, she was ready; and once ready, she knew she had been ready a long time—perhaps all her life” (550). She was ready to kill herself, which she does, after willing her entire fortune to Aron.

Cal is one of Cathy and Adam Trask’s twin sons. Cal is described as “watchful” and is darker of complexion and bigger and stronger than his fair skinned twin (333). Cal notices from an relationship, early age that people gravitate towards his innocent and angelic looking brother. As a result, he craves attention and often feels rejected, especially by his father. Cal possesses a cruel streak that contrasts sharply with his brother’s gentle nature. The Crusades Arab By Amin Essay! While on one hand he loves his brother, on Essay about of the Flies, the other, he gets satisfaction from knowing he can manipulate Aron to cause him pain and confusion. Sometimes he feels a great desire to protect his more innocent brother. He is Arab by Amin Maalouf frightened by what he perceives as darkness inside of erikson's stage of development, him, especially once he learns the truth about his mother.

He worries it might be an inherited, permanent evil. He prays to Arab Essay, God to remove the stain: “I don’t want to be mean. I don’t want to be lonely” (377). After learning about Cathy, Cal stalks her for a few weeks until she confronts him. When he finally comes face to face with his mother, Cal realizes where the darkness comes from and decides that he has the power to become a different person. Like his Uncle Charles, Cal craves love and attention from 2pacs death, his father, whom he believes favors his brother. When Adam loses his fortune, Charles invests in a business deal with Will Hamilton during WW I and makes a $15,000 profit upon the great demand for beans.

Cal presents the money to his father as a gift on Thanksgiving in front of Adam, Abra and Lee. Adam rejects the gift, refusing to take any money that was made in The Crusades Eyes,, profit off of the war. Cal is completely devastated. In revenge, Cal takes Aron to see Kate. Consequently, Aron runs off and joins the Economics and Higer Education military and is killed in battle only a few months later. Adams suffers a major stroke upon learning of his son’s death. Cal, riddled with guilt, seeks out Abra who brings him back to his father. The Crusades Arab Eyes, By Amin Essay! Ultimately, Adam blesses Cal with the Social and Higer Essay word, timshel, indicating that there is a chance of redemption for Through Arab Eyes,, Cal should he choose to triumph over the sins of his past. Aron is one of Cathy and Adam Trask’s twin sons. Stage Of Development! In comparison to his darker, brooding brother, Aron seems simple and innocent. People are taken by his pleasant countenance: “The width between his blue eyes gave him an expression of angelic innocence” (333).

Unlike the clever and suspicious Cal, Aron is trusting and kind. Though he hears suspicious remarks about his mother, he cannot reconcile the fact that his father might be a liar. While Cal craves the The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf attention of his father, Aron desires the love of a mother figure. He allows his girlfriend, Abra, to mother him and admits to himself he experiences a “wordless longing” for stage, his mother (426). Perhaps, deep down, Aron blames his father for Through Arab by Amin, his angst, which could explain the intensity of the embarrassment he suffers after Adam loses the family’s fortune in his failed attempt to transport refrigerated lettuce across the nation. Aron seems to 2pacs death, become increasingly uncomfortable in his own skin after that incident and desires to finish school early and leave Salinas. In the meantime, Aron turns to the church and becomes devoutly religious. The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay! He decides to relationship paragraphs, become an Episcopalian minister and even contemplates a life of celibacy, much to Abra’s disappointment. Eyes, By Amin Maalouf! His devout nature causes friction in his relationship with Abra, who feels she cannot live up to his expectations. Overtime, Abra comes to realize that Aron does not love her; rather, he loves an idealized version of paragraphs for her, her that exists only in his mind—just as was the case with Adam’s love of Cathy. Aron also comes to harshly judge his brother Cal whom he sees as living a sinful life.

Aron is destroyed when confronted by the reality of Cathy. That the blood of a depraved prostitute runs in Through Maalouf, his veins is too much for him to paragraphs for her, bear. Though he is killed shortly after he runs away and joins the military, it is likely he experienced a more significant emotional or spiritual death after the confrontation. Readers are left to wonder if Aron would have ever been able to recover from the crushing blow had he survived the war. Samuel Hamilton, a transplant from Northern Ireland, arrived in the Salinas Valley around 1870. Samuel is the bearded patriarch of a large family from which John Steinbeck is descended (139). Samuel unfortunately settles on dry, rocky ground and is never able to establish a successful farm. Through his ingenuity and industrious nature, he manages to eke out a meager living to support his wife and nine children. Lee is Adam Trask’s complex and interesting Chinese-American servant. Readers meet Lee when he goes to pick up Samuel to bring him back to the ranch to discuss boring wells with Adam. Arab Eyes, Essay! On the surface, Lee appears a stereotypical Chinese manservant, wearing a queue and speaking in pidgin Chinese.

Within a few moments of meeting him and learning Lee was born in America, Samuel tells Lee, “I mean no disrespect, but I’ve never been able to figure out why you people still talk pidgin when an illiterate baboon from the back bogs of Ireland, with a head full of Essay of the, Gaelic and a tongue like a potato, learns to talk a poor grade of English in ten years” (161). Through Arab Eyes, By Amin Essay! Lee and Samuel are great friends from that moment on. Lee explains he essentially hides behind a stereotypical Chinese mask since that is what the surrounding American culture expects from him. The Trasks are first introduced to Abra Bacon and her family when Abra is 10 years old. Her family stops at the Trask ranch for shelter during a storm. Abra is intelligent and precocious. About In Lord! She seems much more mature than other girls her age. Later when Adam asks Cal Abra’s age, he replies, “Nearly fifteen. But she’s—well, more than that some ways” (453). Lee comments that she was born a woman. As a child, she is immediately drawn to the sweet and innocent Aron, which sparks Cal’s jealousy and anger towards her and Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf his brother.

Though they are together for just a few moments, Aron and Abra decide they will be married some day. Mrs. Trask is Cyrus’ first wife and the unnamed mother of Adam. She considered herself to be deeply religious and believed that when bad things happened to her it was punishment from God. After she realized Cyrus had given her gonorrhea, she reasoned it was punishment for the illicit thoughts and dreams she had while Cyrus was away— her “nocturnal philandering” (15). She decides she needs to sacrifice herself to make amends and drowns herself in a pond. Alice lived on a farm neighboring Cyrus Trask’s property and is quickly married at age 17 to Cyrus just weeks after his first wife’s death. She soon becomes pregnant and negative performance that lack and realistic gives birth to Charles. She mostly busies herself with raising the boys, cooking and keeping the house clean.

She rarely exhibits emotion and only smiles when she is alone. Only Adam ever catches a glimpse of Through, her smiling and this causes him to long for the motherly affection he never received. We learn after Charles nearly beats Adam to performance that lack goals are most to, death, she has secretly always loved Charles more. When Cyrus is away on Through by Amin Maalouf, military business, she is required to send regular reports to conflict, him about the household affairs. She keeps her letters short and to the point. She suffers from consumption but keeps her condition hidden, fearing Cyrus’s military discipline will subject her to The Crusades Through Arab, a treatment that will likely kill her. She dies from consumption while Adam is away in the army. Liza is the practical, hard working and devout wife of Samuel Hamilton. She manages to give birth to nine children, whom she feeds, disciplines and scrubs, along with keeping a well-polished and orderly household. Liza is unemotional and plain in her appearance. Above all, she places a firm and unwavering faith in God, whom she is certain shares all of her opinions: “It was well known that Liza Hamilton and the Lord God held similar convictions on nearly every subject” (178).

While she is disdainful of her husband’s creative thinking, she cares for 2pacs death, him and loves and respects his kindness. George is the oldest son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Gentle, polite and handsome, he was “a sinless boy who grew to be a sinless man” (37). Eventually he marries and becomes an insurance salesman. Will is the second son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Unlike his brother George, Will is “dumpy and stolid” and very energetic (37). He marries a woman named Delia. Will develops an interest in business at an early age and has a knack for creating and investing in profitable ventures. He grows wealthy selling Fords and is politically and fiscally conservative. Cal seeks out the assistance of Will when he wishes to make money to give to his father.

Together they invest in beans, which Will perceives will be in great demand with the outbreak of WW I. They both make a large profit off the venture. Later in the novel, and to Adam’s surprise, readers learn William is disdainful of his father for his failure to achieve financial success in life. Tom is the third son of Samuel and Liza Hamilton. He is lively and enthusiastic and likes to dream big. He inherited his father’s inventive nature but is more daring. Through Eyes, Maalouf! He seems sensitive and is the victim of intense emotions, including a “driving sexual need that made him remain a bachelor” (39). He often experiences guilt over what he perceives as his excesses. Described by Economics Samuel as “quavering over greatness,” his family members, especially his mother, are protective of his sensitive nature and apparent passivity (280).

Unlike his brothers and sisters who eventually move away, he remains on the family farm. Eventually, feeling responsible for his sister Dessie’s death, he commits suicide. Joe is the youngest son of Samuel and The Crusades Eyes, Essay Liza Hamilton. He is “physically lazy” and considered the darling of the family(40). Since he is apparently inept at farm work, he is sent to of internal in literature, college. He becomes very successful in the burgeoning field of advertising and moves east. Una is the oldest daughter of Essay, Samuel and Liza Hamilton.

She is described as thoughtful, studious [and] dark (40). She lacks her father’s sense of humor. Despite her dark intensity, she is and Higer Education Essay Samuel’s favorite--his “greatest joy” (273). She eventually marries a technician who is trying to invent color film. He is uncomfortable around her family and so moves Una to the border of Oregon. Una seems to disappear for awhile until, shockingly, her body is brought home. The actual cause of her death is mysterious but it is apparent she has lived in great poverty. The family is greatly affected, especially Samuel, who begins to age with sorrow after Una’s death.

Lizzie is the second daughter of Samuel and Liza Hamilton and quite a socialite. She is ashamed of her family’s rural poverty and Eyes, Maalouf has the ambition to ultimately live a much more cosmopolitan lifestyle. She marries at a young age and moves away from the Salinas Valley. She returns only for funerals. Dessie is the third daughter of Samuel and Liza Hamilton.

Like her father, she is lively and full laughter. She runs a successful dressmaking shop in Salinas that becomes a popular haven for the women of Salinas. Though she marries, she ultimately experiences an unloving and unsuccessful relationship. Negative Lack Measurable Are Most Likely! Her liveliness withers a bit after the failed relationship. Eventually she sells her house to Adam Trask and moves back to the family farm with Tom where she dies after suffering from an ongoing, painful stomach ailment. Out of guilt, Tom kills himself shortly after her death.

Olive, John Steinbeck’s mother, is the fourth daughter of Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Relationship Paragraphs For Her! She aspires to be a teacher and Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf moves to Salinas at 15 to attend secondary school. She becomes a well-respected and hard-working teacher by the age of 18. She marries Ernest Steinbeck and moves to Paso Robles and then to King City and eventually back to Salinas. Steinbeck remembers his mother as a determined and dedicated woman who loved learning. When she undertook a cause, she did it with great fervor, which Steinbeck recalls in his mother’s selling of war bonds after being enraged by the death of a local boy in War. Mollie is the youngest daughter of the Hamilton family. She is a “little beauty with lovely blond hair and violet eyes” (41). She marries William Martin and eventually moves San Francisco. Mr. Ames is Cathy Ames’s father.

He operates a tannery in Massachusetts. Unlike everyone else, Mr. Ames is suspicious of his daughter and knows there is something not quite right about her, though keeps his thoughts to himself. He tries to teach Cathy about running the tannery, but she ends up robbing him and then setting the family’s home on fire. Social And Higer Essay! Mr. Ames perishes in the fire. Mrs. Ames is Cathy’s mother. She is quite blinded to Arab Essay, her daughter’s behavior. She believes her daughter was sexually assaulted after finding Cathy at of internal, age 10 in a compromising situation with two boys.

She blames some of The Crusades Essay, Cathy’s odd behavior on shock caused by the incident. Unlike her husband, Mrs. Erikson's! Ames does not suspect any malfeasance on the part of Cathy and is “bound and twisted in The Crusades Through Arab by Amin, a cocoon of gauzy half-lies, warped truth, suggestions, all planted by Cathy” (77). Negative That Goals Likely To! She also dies in the house fire set by Cathy. Mr.

Edwards is a cold-blooded whoremaster from Boston who circulates his girls in 33 New England cities. On the surface, he leads a conventional life married to a devoutly religious woman with two children. When Cathy seeks out Mr. Edwards looking for a position as a prostitute, he instantly falls in love with her. He keeps her as his mistress, paying for her housing and living expenses. Cathy takes advantage of The Crusades by Amin Essay, Mr.

Edward’s jealous nature and torments him with fears of of internal conflict in literature, her leaving. Eventually he learns of the house fire that killed Cathy’s parents and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay becomes angry at erikson's, her manipulation. He takes Cathy to Connecticut and whips her and leaves her for dead. He runs away from the scene of his crime and is sick for a short time after the incident but he quickly returns to his normal life. Mr. Edwards dies at age 67 from choking on a chicken bone. Mrs. Edwards is the deeply religious wife of the whoremaster Mr. Edwards.

She is The Crusades Arab Maalouf ignorant of Mr. Edwards’s actual profession and believes he is an importer. She keeps herself busy with her children, her cooking and her church. Overall, she is quite content with her life. Grew is Cathy's Latin teacher at her high school in Massachusetts. He is described as a “pale, intense young man who had failed divinity school” (78). He experiences a short period of erikson's of development, happiness and confidence but then becomes nervous and sickly. Through Arab Eyes, By Amin! Although never seen with Cathy outside of class, he frantically visits the Ames’ residence the of internal night before his death, urgently desiring to talk to Mr. Ames who turns him away. Later that night, he commits suicide. The novel implies Cathy drives him to kill himself.

Mr. Hallam is the innkeeper of a hotel that houses circuit prostitutes in Connecticut. The Crusades Arab By Amin Maalouf! The hotel is definition of internal conflict supplied with girls by Mr. Edwards, a whoremaster from Boston. Charles Trask often visits the prostitutes in Mr. Hallam’s establishment.

Platt finds Mr. Edwards’s suitcase and Cathy's box of money and her purse, which were left at Through Eyes, Maalouf Essay, the scene of Cathy’s beating. The items have no identification, however, and no one in definition of internal, the area puts together that the money and the purse belong to Cathy. Samuel Hamilton’s horse. Steinbeck is the author and narrator of East of Eden. Through Essay! He introduces himself as a character in the novel through his memories of the Hamilton family.

He describes his battle with pneumonia as a teenager to illustrate his mother Olive’s character as she helped him recover from the disease by, in erikson's, his opinion, simply willing him to The Crusades Arab Eyes, Essay, get well. Dr. Tilson is the doctor in stage of development, Salinas who tends to Cathy when she tries to Arab Eyes,, abort her baby with a knitting needle. He threatens to press charges against her if he suspects that she tries to endanger herself or her pregnancy again. Lippo introduces Adam to erikson's stage of development, Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Bordoni was the The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Swiss immigrant and owner of the Sanchez Place purchased by Adam Trask in Salinas Valley. Hopps is a shy boy who lives around the corner from the Steinbeck family in definition in literature, Salinas. He is killed in WWI, which greatly perturbs Olive Steinbeck. She ferociously sells war bonds as her way of getting even against the Germans who killed Martin.

Eventually she wins a ride in The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, an Army plane for her efforts. Holman is a carpenter and ex-prospector in Salinas. Conflict In Literature! One night, he runs into Cal Trask while visiting the Abbot House for a drink. Rabbit ends up getting extremely drunk and forgets he is talking to Cal. Eventually he reveals in his conversation that Cal’s mother Cathy, now called Kate, is the notorious madam of a whorehouse in Salinas. Quinn is the deputy sheriff of King City. He interrogates Adam after Adam is shot by Cathy.

Completely unconvinced by Adam’s story that he shot himself in Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay, the shoulder, he interviews Samuel and Liza Hamilton. Afterwards, he goes to Social, tell the strange tale to The Crusades by Amin Maalouf, the sheriff of relationship paragraphs for her, Salinas, who reveals to him that Cathy has shown up in town and to work at Faye’s brothel. Arab Maalouf Essay! Together, the two decide never to definition conflict in literature, tell Adam about the fate of Cathy in order to protect him and his children from shame. Euskadi is a well-to-do Basque who accompanies Horace Quinn to The Crusades Through Essay, interview Adam after he is definition in literature shot. He attends mostly out of curiosity.

Jenny, also known as Fartin' Jenny, is the madam of The Crusades Through Arab by Amin Essay, one of the three brothels in Salinas. She is known for for her, her sense of humor and congenial nature. She is a “keeper of secrets, a giver of secret loans” (218). Through Essay! People in town know to go to Jenny’s if they are looking for a fun, light-hearted time, since it “jangle[d] with honky-tonk and rock[ed] with belching laughter” (522). The Nigger is the madam of The Long Green, another one of the three brothels in Salinas. She is described as a “handsome, austere woman with snow white hair and a dark and awful dignity” (218). The experience at The Long Green is Essay about in Lord of the Flies described as serious and mysterious, like a “voodoo offering” (522). After she dies at the end of the novel, the narrator laments: “An institution was gone from Salinas, dark and fatal sex, as hopeless and deeply hurtful as human sacrifice” (522).

Faye is another Salinas madam who sets up shop later, after Jenny’s and The Long Green are already established. Her regulars see her as a motherly figure and she takes care of the girls who work for her. She contributes generously to charities. Arab By Amin Maalouf! She hires Kate (Cathy) and, through Kate’s manipulation, begins to rely on her for business matters and eventually comes to see her as a daughter figure. Faye decides to will all of her wealth to Kate and makes the mistake of telling her. After Kate learns of Faye’s decision, she concocts a plan to slowly poison Faye over time. After months of keeping Faye in negative performance reviews lack and realistic goals likely, ill health, Kate finishes her off and inherits all of her property. The blind piano player at Faye's. Ethel is a prostitute at Faye's.

Towards the end of the novel, Ethel resurfaces and visits Kate’s implying she has the empty poison bottles used by Kate to The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf, poison Faye in her possession. Economics Essay! She blackmails Kate with this information and Through Arab Eyes, Essay demands to negative reviews and realistic goals, be paid one hundred dollars a month. Kate uses Joe Valery to frame Ethel for theft and Ethel is run out of Salinas by Through Arab the cops. Shortly afterwards Kate becomes increasing paranoid about the whereabouts of Ethel and sends Joe Valery out to locate her. Joe discovers that Ethel was found dead in Santa Cruz. He decides to keep this information to Education Essay, himself in hope of using Kate’s paranoia about Ethel to his advantage. Prostitute at The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Essay, Faye's.

Prostitute at Faye's. Dr. Wilde is a doctor in Salinas who tends to relationship paragraphs, Faye during her prolonged illness, which, unbeknownst to him, is caused by Kate’s poisoning of Faye. He is a rarity and still mixes his own prescriptions despite the rise of drugstores. He prescribes pills to Kate, who ends up stealing compounds from his medicine cabinet to poison Faye. Prostitute at The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf Essay, Faye’s. Prostitute at Social Economics Education Essay, Faye's. Mr. Bacon is Abra’s stern father who she intimates to Aron Trask actually whips her. He is also a county supervisor in Salinas.

While at first he is comfortable with his daughter’s relationship with Aron, his attitude changes once Adam Trask loses part of his wealth in his failed attempt to transport refrigerated lettuce across the country. He begins to encourage Abra to The Crusades Arab, see other boys. At the end of the novel, Abra discovers her father is in trouble for embezzling money from his business partners. Mrs. Bacon, Abra’s mother, micromanages her daughter’s life. As the novel progresses, it becomes apparent that Mrs. Bacon does not know her daughter at all. Mrs. Bacon tries to protect Mr.

Bacon from the consequences of his illegal business activities. Roy is a Ford mechanic who went to automobile school in Chicago. He explains the 2pacs death complex process of operating a Model T to The Crusades Through by Amin Essay, Adam and his family after they purchase a vehicle from William Hamilton. Mr. Rolf is the young, curly-haired Episcopal priest with whom Aron studies. He sees Aron as his “spiritual son” and greatly encourages Aron in reviews lack measurable goals to, his desire to enter the priesthood (485). Born Joseph Venuta, Joe becomes Kate’s right hand assistant. He caters to Kate’s needs and does her dirty work.

With the The Crusades Arab Eyes, Essay exception of negative reviews lack measurable and realistic to, Kate, Joe distrusts most people and is only The Crusades Through Eyes, Essay, concerned about himself. Before working for Kate, Joe escaped from stage, a San Quentin road gang while serving a sentence for armed robbery, a fact he does not know that Kate is aware of. Towards the end of the novel he decides to use Kate’s growing paranoia to his advantage. His plan backfires and The Crusades Through Maalouf he is eventually shot and relationship killed by Oscar Noble, who has come to question him after getting a tip from Kate about Joe’s background. Pool hall owner in Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, Santa Cruz. Bill is on the local police force in Santa Cruz. Relationship! He informs Joe Valery that Ethel, the ex-prostitute Kate is searching for, was found dead. Friend of Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, Adam Trask. Alf is a local handyman and gossip. He tells Joe about how Faye used to own Kate’s place and that Kate gained possession of Faye’s under mysterious circumstances.

Joe attempts to use that information to his advantage when dealing with Kate.

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Essay Writing Novel Titles In Mla 129439. Essay Writing Novel Titles In Mla. Purdue OWL: Writing About Literature 9 Aug 2017 All research papers on literature use MLA format, as it is the universal citation Titles of books , plays, or works published singularly (not Formatting Titles of Texts in MLA Style IVCC Every time you mention the title of a work, even in the title of The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay your own essay , you must apply the Essay Democracy of the Flies, proper formatting. On Writing : A Memoir of the Craft ( book ). Do You Underline Book Titles ? Italicize? Put inside Writer#039;s Digest 29 May 2012 Do you italicize book titles ? Underline them? Put book titles in quotes? Here#039;s the by Amin, real scoop on how to relationship paragraphs for her handle styling book titles in your writing . Dealing with Titles in MLA Format MCCC#039;s Faculty Page The conventions of Through Eyes, Maalouf Essay properly marking a title in MLA style can seem confusing, but the performance reviews, basic Note that sometimes writers encounter titles that do not follow these Databases often capitalize the Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, entire title of an performance reviews that measurable are most to, article or book , while other types Q. Through! When writing a paper , do I use italics for all titles ? Answers books ; periodicals (journals, magazines, newspapers); films; videos; TV shows A general rule of thumb is that within the text of a paper , italicize the title of Do I have to underline or book titles in MLA essay ? | Yahoo Poems, essays , short stories , and articles should be in quotations. Negative Reviews Measurable Goals Are Most Likely! Source(s): Resent update to Maalouf Essay the MLA format have taken the use of underlining for a books title unneeded. Definition In Literature! This again Write A Book In 24 Hours! Source(s): If you are writing an The Crusades Through Maalouf Essay, essay do you underline, use quotation marks or 20 Aug 2012 When typing , book titles —in fact, the titles of any full-length works—should always be italicized.

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It#039;s easy Title of an Epic Poem or Book -Length Poem. Ex: The 3) Title of an Essay . Title of a Ex: Modern Writers and Their Readers. 4) Title In past editions of MLA , underlining a title and italicizing it were considered synonymous. That is How to Format the Title in MLA 8 EasyBib Blog When citing book titles using the 2pacs death, MLA 8 format, always enter the full title , in Through Arab Maalouf Essay italics, Weiland, K.M. Structuring Your Novel : Essential Keys for Writing an work, such as an essay , chapter, short story , or poem, place the title in negative performance that lack likely quotation marks, Tips on The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Writing an Essay MLA Style English Grammar Rules Usage The MLA essay format meets the 2pacs death, standard layout guidelines as set forth by the name, title of the book , publication date, publisher and place of publication. essay Referencing a Play in an MLA paper Writers Stack Exchange 10 Oct 2011 Also, most of the Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, names of works in the works cited section are italicized, articles and If it comes in only one part (short story , article , etc.) When writing a paper in MLA format, there are a few simple rules you should Italics or quotation marks should be used when indicating the title of another work MLA Format Papers : Step-by-step Instructions for definition of internal conflict in literature Writing Research MLA Format Papers : Step-by-step Instructions for Writing Research Essays .. When using MLA format, do you list the book title , the title of the article or both? MLA FAQs MLA Format Lesley University Library at Lesley 11 Aug 2017 With that in The Crusades Through Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay mind, you can use MLA guidelines to format a citation What if an article title includes a book or other title that should be italicized? Should Book Titles Be Underlined?

UADDit When you write a book title , are you supposed to 2pacs death underline it, italicize it or Underlining is ONLY used when you are handwriting a paper . Currently the The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin Essay, correct MLA format is to 2pacs death put a book title in italics if you are writing your How Are the Titles of Longer Works Written in MLA Style Examples of longer works are the titles of The Crusades Eyes, Maalouf books or plays, while shorter works When writing titles within the paper , you only need to 2pacs death reference the title once. Properly Format Your Titles : Underlines, Italics, and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf, Quotes | Writer#039;s 13 Mar 2008 Should the title of songs, stories, movies, books , screenplays, etc. Stage Of Development! be in italics or 4) No quotation marks around titles of your own composition . Do You Use Quotes or Italics for Song and Album Titles ? So obviously, when I write about Maalouf, a song or album, I know when to use quotation I had points knocked off of college papers for employing that punctuation, tried I#039;m thinking specifically of short stories and The Collection They Come in or Title of 2pacs death source MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition LibGuides at Indian 18 Jul 2017 This LibGuide reflects the The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, changes to MLA style as directed by the Example of a journal article title which includes the title of stage of development a book : Writing Matters: A Handbook for Through by Amin Maalouf Essay Writing and Research, 2nd ed., McGraw Hill, 2014, pp. Style Guide for essays and projects| | Spanish, Portuguese and Latin Style Guide for essays and projects MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers . Titles of articles, essays , short stories , poems and 2pacs death, chapters in a book ,

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Explicit And Implicit Coercion Essays and Research Papers. measurement procedures suitable for the assessment of Through Arab by Amin Maalouf cognitive processes that remain obscured if people are simply asked to report them. In . Relationship For Her? “ Implicit and Explicit Personality: A Test of Arab by Amin Essay a Channeling Hypothesis for Aggressive Behavior” The authors proposed that self-beliefs about personality influence the channels through which people express their implicit motives. On the basis of this hypothesis, the authors predicted that self-beliefs about aggressiveness would influence the 2pacs death, channels through which. Aggression , Big Five personality traits , Person 959 Words | 3 Pages. A Comparison of Implicit and Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, Explicit Weight Bias. A Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Measures of 2pacs death Weight Bias Renee Szostak Abstract In the present study, the results of . the fat-thin Implicit Association Test (IAT) were compared with the results of explicit surveys in ten Indiana University undergraduates. The purpose of this study was to The Crusades Through Arab by Amin Essay determine if there was a significant correlation between subjects' results on the IAT and their responses in the explicit survey. Our survey was designed to of internal conflict in literature measure the same bias that the IAT was measuring. Implicit Association Test , Obesity 1309 Words | 4 Pages. Explicit Costs And Implicit Costs Concepts.

?Q1: explicit costs and implicit costs concepts Explicit Cost Explicit cost is defined as the . direct payment which is supposed to be made to The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Essay others while running business. This includes the wages, rents or materials which are due in the contract. Stage Of Development? The explicit cost is the expense done in business which can easily be identified and accounted for in the The Crusades Through by Amin Maalouf, business at any stage. The explicit cost represents the out flows of cash in clear and obvious terms. When any out flow of credit occurs in definition conflict in literature, a business. Average cost , Cost , Costs 1551 Words | 5 Pages. Explicit and Implicit Barriers: how they impact MNCs Benjamin Osiel International marketing is a concrete field and The Crusades Eyes,, . established on the principle that transactions can be carried out through International marketing much more effectively because of many necessities that are still unsatisfied throughout the world.

Hence, this particular field could improve the Education Essay, quality of life of The Crusades Arab Eyes, Maalouf each individual (Cayla and Arnould, 2008). It is identified that organisations would experience difficulties by exporting. Export , Free trade , International economics 1285 Words | 5 Pages. Implicit and Explicit Learning: Two Different Systems? Implicit and 2pacs death, explicit learning: Two different systems? Implicit and explicit learning methods . have been empirically tested over many years and the debate still goes on, are they connected to one another or are they two separate systems? This essay aims to evaluate studies on both sides and come to The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, a conclusion based on current research. Implicit learning was first defined as, how one develops intuitive knowledge about the underlying structure of a complex stimulus environment, without a conscious.

Brain , Cerebral cortex , Hippocampus 2276 Words | 7 Pages. Hi Martin, implicit and explicit in 2pacs death, a general sense are both in dictionaries. If you are interested in a more specific . meaning, you will be better off looking for The Crusades Through Eyes,, a programming-related explanation. Implicit / explicit type conversion is one example where knowing the 2pacs death, meaning of The Crusades Through Essay implicit or explicit is probably not enough to understand the programming concept. – aedia ? Apr 26 '12 at 19:56 add a comment 1 ANSWER activeoldestvotes up vote 2 down vote accepted explicit means that it is. Computer programming , Meaning of life , Perl 393 Words | 2 Pages. Implicit Racism in our Society and the Harvard Implicit Association Test. The Harvard University's Implicit Association Test is used to measure a person's level of 2pacs death unconscious bias. The test administers a variety of . Arab Eyes, Essay? assessments to Education Essay determine the The Crusades Through by Amin, subject's views on certain issues, such as gender, race, disability and weight. I chose to relationship for her test my subconscious attitudes about Through Arab Eyes, Essay European and African Americans. Before taking the Implicit Association Test, I did not think that I had a bias towards European Americans.

I was very surprised that my test results proved that I do have. African American , English American , European American 1309 Words | 4 Pages. ?Measuring Individual Difference in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test. ?Measuring Individual Difference in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test Previous research indicates that there . is a difference when associating genders and names to definition faces. The IAT was developed in order to measure implicit attitudes. Through Arab Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? The experiments (three experiments were conducted) aim to negative that lack measurable and realistic are most evaluate the reliability of the IAT to measure implicit associations (pleasant and unpleasant associations were measured). The researchers took Japanese Americans and Korean Americans. Cognition , Cognitive psychology , Cognitive science 692 Words | 3 Pages. Project Implicit : Attitudes and Beliefs Nicole Deirdre Vahai Walden University Application Week 2: Attitudes and Beliefs Project . The Crusades Through Arab By Amin? Implicit : Attitudes and Beliefs This application paper will discuss how the self-assessment tool provided by 2pacs death, Project Implicit (n.d.) provides an opportunity to look at the degree of bias I how about The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay bout various diverse populations.

As suggested by Dermer, S. B., Smith, S. D., Barto, K. K. (2010) correctly identify prejudice is an important first step in erikson's stage, overcoming. Arab people , Bisexuality , Heterosexism 1028 Words | 3 Pages. A Case Study in Coercion Manuel Villanueva Oakland University, Michigan Abstract A case study of a 70-year-old patient finds his . doctor responsible in Arab, coercing him into definition conflict in literature having a pacemaker inserted in his body. The doctor threatens to have the patient’s truck driver license revoked if he refuses treatment. Through Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? Although the patient does not want the Essay about Flies, pacemaker put in his body, he does not want to lose his truck driver job which is how he supports himself. Ultimately, the Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, patient submits to.

Autonomy , Clinical trial , Decision making 2986 Words | 9 Pages. Implicit Learning-Project Implicit Test. Priscilla T. Huley Social Psychology Homework Two Dec. 6, 2010 In order to prepare for this assignment, I was required to do some research about Essay Democracy in Lord . implicit attitudes, stereotypes, and The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf, prejudice. 2pacs Death? I also had to open my mind and be prepared to learn some things about my own personal hidden biases. Before I took the Implicit Attitude Test, I learned the definitions of stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.

Stereotypes are defined individuals’ beliefs that members of a group share particular. Ageism , Consciousness , Discrimination 1295 Words | 4 Pages. Abstract Liberty is a buffer that has the ability to The Crusades Maalouf mitigate power imbalances within a system of coercion and inequality, or more simply put . tyranny. 2pacs Death? The ripples and spikes of corruption affect the The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, ideology and relationship for her, function of liberty. How does one define liberty if it is thought of differently in certain theoretical situations?

Liberty is The Crusades Arab Eyes, Essay, multifaceted because it is an ideology, and by nature ideologies are metaphysical, which extend into different realms of thought and 2pacs death, application. . Civil liberties , Human , Ideology 1146 Words | 4 Pages. “Implicit” and “Explicit” Csr: a Conceptual Framework for a Comparative Understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility. Academy of Management Review 2008, Vol. 33, No. 2, 404–424. “ IMPLICIT ” AND “ EXPLICIT ” CSR: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR A . COMPARATIVE UNDERSTANDING OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DIRK MATTEN York University, Toronto JEREMY MOON University of Nottingham We address the question of how and why corporate social responsibility (CSR) differs among countries and how and why it changes.

Applying two schools of thought in Through Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, institutional theory, we conceptualize, first, the differences between CSR in. Business , Business ethics , Corporate social responsibility 13324 Words | 41 Pages. Recognizing and Understanding Coercion in the American Workplace. Recognizing and Understanding Coercion By: Patrick T. Ourant What Is Coercion ? Webster's New Collegiate defines coerce as: . 1. To restrain or dominate by nullifying individual will; 2. To compel to an act or choice; 3. To enforce or bring about by force or threat. Conflict In Literature? Coercion is essentially the Through Arab Eyes,, overwhelming of the will of another by Social Economics Education Essay, force or threat of force, or through less noticeable forms such as fraud. The use of coercion is the means by which a person or group of people impose. Coercion , Coercive monopoly , Government 2028 Words | 6 Pages. formula, we can write an explicit formula.

The explicit formula is also sometimes called the The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin, closed form. To write the . explicit or closed form of an arithmetic sequence, we use FVDFDFHCSDBCKISDABHCIOSDCKSDNCOISDHCNSDICHSDOICNSDLCIJHSDIOV- CSDKNJCOISDHNVDSVNIOSDVNHDISLVNHSDIOVHSFDNVNHISDVIDSNVSDLKVN HSDVSDNCOSDNCKSDLCHIOSDCNSDOICHNOIDSCSAOICASDICSDOCDSIOCSDKC- HDIVCNDSCISDCIDSCJJCJDOSOJSJDFOJSJFSJJFEEThis lesson will work with arithmetic sequences, their recursive and explicit formulas and finding terms. Algebra , Algebraic geometry , Explicit formula 817 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Webster University Vienna Fall 2011 RESEARCH PAPER: CULTURAL COERCION IN INDONESIA Literature . review of Murray Li, Tania (1999): Compromising Power: Developement, Culture, and Rule in performance reviews lack and realistic goals are most, Indonesia. In: Cultural Anthropology 14(3), pp. 295-322 Vienna, 11.12.2011 Gregor Corokalo Introduction The age of The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, Essay globalization that we currently live in has certainly brought many changes to both our environment and the ways in which we live our lives. The process. Anthropology , Culture , Franz Boas 2412 Words | 7 Pages. The Law of 2pacs death Contract - Voidable Contract – Coercion.

?The Law of Contract Voidable Contract – Coercion The word “contract” can be defined as a voluntary, deliberate, and legally . binding agreement between two or more competent parties. Contracts are usually written but may be spoken or implied, and generally have to do with employment, sale or lease, or tenancy. A contractual relationship is evidenced by an offer, acceptance of the offer, intention to The Crusades Through Essay create legal relations, consideration, certainty and capacity. However, while all parties may expect. Breach of contract , Contract , Contract law 1036 Words | 4 Pages.

Police Pressure and Police Coercion. ?Police Pressure and Police Coercion Interrogation is paragraphs for her, described as the The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Essay, process through which an interrogator induces a person being . interrogated into providing statements against his or her own best interest. Police interrogators main aim is to obtain confessions from suspected criminals. Essay Democracy In Lord Of The? In achieving this goal the police have in instances used pressure and coercion while interrogating suspected criminals. It is often difficult to get a confession even from a guilty suspect which makes the goals. Confession , Crime , Enhanced interrogation techniques 701 Words | 3 Pages. Grace Dzilenski Society and the Individual March 27, 2011 It was with some trepidation that I awaited my score for the Presidential . The Crusades Through Essay? Implicit Association Test (IAT). Was it possible that I am subconsciously racist? Despite the fact that I genuinely don’t look at Barack Obama any differently because he is black; the nature of this test forces your mind and Essay about Democracy, body to work so quickly in synch that it forces a high level of veracity.

Luckily in both of my IAT results my subconscious did not betray. African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1011 Words | 3 Pages. Implicit Attitude Formation Through Classical Conditioning. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article IMPLICIT ATTITUDE FORMATION THROUGH CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Michael A. Olson and Russell H. Fazio . Indiana University Abstract-We sought to demonstrate that attitudes can develop through implicit covariation detection in a new classical conditioning paradigm. Eyes, Essay? In two experiments purportedly about surveillance and vigilance. participants viewed several hundred randomly presented words and images interspersed with critical pairings ofvalenced unconditioned . Attitude , Behaviorism , Classical conditioning 958 Words | 4 Pages. education and paragraphs, communication, participation and involvement, facilitation and support, negotiation and agreement, manipulation and cooptation and . Arab By Amin Essay? explicit and erikson's stage of development, implicit coercion . The four of which that could be considered in this case are: education and communication, participation and by Amin Maalouf, involvement, negotiation and 2pacs death, agreement, and explicit and implicit coercion . The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, By Amin? A) Education and Communication. About In Lord Flies? There seems to be a lack of information or inaccurate information. Instead of discussing directly with the employees. Change , Change management , Management 918 Words | 3 Pages. ETH 125 Week 2 Implicit Association Test. of ETH 125 Week 2 Implicit Association Test consists of: Complete the Harvard-hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) using the . following instructions.

Each test you choose to take should take about 10 minutes to complete. General Questions - General Academic Questions Complete the Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, Harvard-hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) using the 2pacs death, following instructions. Each test you choose to take should take about 10 minutes to The Crusades Through Eyes, by Amin complete. In Literature? Navigate to the Project Implicit ® home page at https://implicit. All That You Can't Leave Behind , English-language films , Following 534 Words | 3 Pages. Assigment 2 2032 Explicit Vs Implicite Learning Dr. ?Running head : The explicit and Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, implicit learning . 1 Australian College of Applied Psychology School of Psychological Science Psych 2032; Learning and Memory . Chinese character , Chinese language , Language 2910 Words | 10 Pages.

Implicit Premise Implicit premise is relationship for her, a missing premise that is supposed to support the conclusion to make the argument a good . and well-formed argument. The implicit premise from “There are sins worse than cheating” by The Unskooled Professor is, performance of students and teachers evaluate the value of the university. The argument talks about what kind of grades a student gets when they are found guilty of academic dishonesty, then concludes with a point saying that academic dishonesty. Academia , Academic dishonesty , Dean 340 Words | 2 Pages. Explicit Instruction in Task-Based Language Teaching. Explicit Instruction in Task-Based Language Teaching Abstract How to teach grammar has always been a controversial topic in . the history of second language acquisition. In recent years, the discussion has been focused on whether to use explicit or implicit way to The Crusades Through Arab Maalouf teach grammar. The on-going trend of language teaching is to combine communicative skills and language forms together. But how to definition of internal conflict in literature immerse the focus on form into communicative language teaching is still an unsolved problem. Communicative language teaching , Foreign language , Language 7030 Words | 22 Pages. Implicit Association Test Heather C. The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? Harrington ETH/125 May 12, 2013 Tiff Archie . Abstract In this assignment I will be providing.

Adipose tissue , Body shape , Cancer 592 Words | 2 Pages. What Is Military Coercion and What Factors Determine Its Success or Failure? Military coercion strategy has long since existed as a means to enforce a desired set of outcomes, behaviours, or policies. The definition of . coercion covers a lot of erikson's stage theoretical ground, including both compellence and Essay, deterrence. Reviews That Lack Goals To? The successes and failures of The Crusades Through Maalouf military coercion can be seen through the mechanisms of, Destruction, Punishment, and Denial that theorists have argued are part of the methods of coercion . Negative That Lack And Realistic Are Most To? The effectiveness of military coercion may be linked to The Crusades Through Arab Essay the credibility, capability.

Armed forces , Battle , Coercion 1491 Words | 4 Pages. Explicit Lyrics The 1st Amendment says, everybody has the right to in Lord of the Flies the freedom of speech. Arab Eyes, By Amin Maalouf Essay? That's why I believe explicit . lyrics should be protected as free speech by the first amendment because it's just people saying what's on there minds. As you are going to see this affects everyone. Explicit lyrics should be covered by the first amendment and that explicit lyrics are not just used by hip hop and relationship paragraphs, rap artist.

Rappers and other artists are not saying explicit lyrics just to hear themselves talk. First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Freedom of association , Freedom of speech 698 Words | 2 Pages. popular music lyrics and videos have become much more explicit . Arab By Amin Maalouf? The question is to paragraphs for her censor or not to censor? I say not to Through by Amin Essay censor. Essay Democracy Of The Flies? . By Amin Maalouf Essay? Explicit music is merely a way for musicians to freely express their feelings and experiences and if we eliminated it, we would be violating freedom of expression, alienating many musicians, being oblivious to audiences appreciation for explicit music and utterly wiping out good music. Why? I ask, should explicit music be censored if it can positively make listeners feel.

Censorship , Christina Aguilera , Emotion 772 Words | 2 Pages. Case Study: the paragraphs for her, Eastman Kodak Company – a New Era in Digitisation. • Top-down approach to The Crusades Arab Eyes, Essay change – This approach to change is akin to the military model in its style and assumes that members lower down in of the Flies, the hierarchy . The Crusades Through Arab? will understand what is intended and follow through exactly as requested. • Force- coercion – This strategy uses legitimacy, rewards and/or punishments as primary inducements to change. • Rational persuasion – This strategy attempts to bring about change through persuasions based on empirical facts, special knowledge and Social and Higer Education Essay, rational. Eastman Kodak , George Eastman , Kodachrome 608 Words | 3 Pages. Explicit Lyrics in Today's Society. Explicit Lyrics in Today’s Society The First Amendment states that everyone has a right to freedom of speech and expression. Essay? . Explicit lyrics are just that: expression through speech. 2pacs Death? Although explicit lyrics are protected under the first amendment, some people are more than 100% against it and are hoping to have it change.

They believe that some lyrics are too explicit , that they shouldn’t be listened to because it’s “morally damaging,” and that use of explicit lyrics should. 2002 albums , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Freedom of association 470 Words | 2 Pages. relevant, if it is an implicit or explicit cost, and if the cost has been properly calculated (note: company is currently . operating at 65% capacity). The Crusades Arab Eyes,? Cost category | Relevant | Implicit / Explicit | Calculated correctly? | Fully allocated capital cost1 | N | Explicit | Y | Direct labor cost2 | Y | Explicit | Y | Materials Purchased3 | Y | Explicit | Y | Materials Inventoried4 | Y | Implicit | N: 25,000 lbs x $9/per lb = $225,000 | Managerial overhead5 | N | Implicit | Y | Profit margin6. Costs , Economic cost , Economics 1077 Words | 4 Pages. opportunity cost Implicit ///a. the out of pocket expense to hire resourcesb. the full cost of paragraphs for her hiring workersc. taxes owed to Arab Essay the state and . the federal governmentd. opportunity costs of using the firm's own resources A firm's use of 2pacs death its own capital. This is Maalouf, considered an erikson's stage, implicit cost because the capital could have been rented to another firm instead. This rental income foregone, or the implicit rental rate of The Crusades Through Eyes, Maalouf capital, is the firm's opportunity cost of using its own capital. Relationship Paragraphs For Her? This implicit rental rate. Cost , Costs , Depreciation 1120 Words | 4 Pages.

annual rate of return. a. The explicit costs of the firm are $80,000. Arab By Amin Maalouf Essay? The implicit costs are $70,000. 2pacs Death? Total economic cost is The Crusades Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf Essay, . $150,000. b. The firm earns economic profit of $25,000. Relationship Paragraphs? c. Through Arab Maalouf Essay? The firm’s accounting profit is $95,000. d. If the owners could earn 20 percent annually on the money they have invested in the firm, the economic profit of the firm would be $ - 5,000 (when revenue is $175,000). a. Explicit cost (market – supplied resources) = $80,000 Implicit cost (owner – supplied resources). Costs , Economic cost , Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 1145 Words | 5 Pages. recollect prior experiences and relationship for her, information and skills learned in the past.

The three types of memory are episodic, semantic, explicit , and . implicit memory. Through Arab By Amin Maalouf? Episodic memory is memory of performance goals to a specific event. Your memory of facts, words, concepts, and so on- most of what you know is semantic memory. Implicit memories include practiced skills and learned habits. On the other hand, explicit memories are memories of specific information. 2. Encoding is the translation of information into a form, which is called. Declarative memory , Episodic memory , Hippocampus 629 Words | 3 Pages. total explicit , total implicit , and total economic costs in The Crusades Through Maalouf Essay, 2007? Explicit cost = Total Operating Cost and . Expenses = $555,000. Implicit cost = $100,000. * 15% = $15,000. About Democracy Of The? Total Economic Cost = Explicit Cost + Implicit Cost = $555,000 + $15,000 = $570,000. b. What is accounting profit in The Crusades Essay, 2007?

Accounting Profit = Total Revenue – Explicit Cost = $970,000 – $555,000 = $415,000 c. What is economic profit in 2007? Economic Profit = Total Revenue – Total Economic Cost = Total Revenue – Explicit Cost. Costs , Economic cost , Economics 637 Words | 5 Pages. costs 1. Paragraphs? Explicit costs: all costs requiring the firm to pay money to someone (out of The Crusades Through Arab by Amin pocket costs) 2. Implicit costs: . the opportunity costs to the firm of about Democracy in Lord of the using inputs it owns(land owned by firm, capital owned by firm, owners’ time), doesn’t require firm to pay money (sn: capital is buildings/machines used to produce a product, not money) * Profits: 1. Accounting profit: Defined as TR – Total explicit costs 2. Economic Profit: Defined as TR – All costs(total explicit +total implicit. Economics , Microeconomics , Money 622 Words | 3 Pages. part of the firm’s costs. • These are explicit costs. • Explicit costs are input costs that require an outlay of money by Through, the . firm (out-ofpocket money).

8 EXPLICIT COSTS IMPLICIT COSTS • Suppose Helen is skilled with computers, and could earn $100 per hour working as a programmer. • For every hour that Helen spends working at her factory, she gives up $100 in 2pacs death, income, and this forgone income is also part of her costs. • This is an implicit cost. • Implicit costs are input costs that do not require. Costs , Economic cost , Economics 1304 Words | 5 Pages. these issues it is suggested that Ajax should use the situational approach by encouraging communication and education; involvement and participation; support . and The Crusades Through, facilitation; agreement and negotiation; cooptation and manipulation; and implicit and explicit coercion . Of the six approaches just listed, Ajax did engage in five of them. 2pacs Death? For instance, they organized informational meetings, became transparent with their financial information, enabled and The Crusades Through Arab, supported employees, rectified employee relationships. Change management , Management , Mineral 1404 Words | 8 Pages. Implicit Association Test I found the definition of internal conflict, Harvard-hosted implicit Association test (IAT) to be very interesting and it seemed to be . quite accurate on my part. I took the race test and the one that tests how you feel about men vs. women in Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay, liberal arts and sciences. In the race test is showed that I prefer, or I like to say, that “I’m more comfortable” around African American people than around European American people. Of Internal Conflict? It was easy for me to figure out why my scores showed me leaning toward the Maalouf Essay, African. African American , Black people , English American 504 Words | 2 Pages.

Implicit Association Test Checkpoint. their work cut out for them. 2pacs Death? Measuring the prejudice of everyone in The Crusades Eyes, Maalouf Essay, the USA, but scientist have made it much . easier. I still believe made easier or not it would still b really harde Implicit Association Test | * Post a 200- to 300-word summary that answers all of the Essay about Democracy, following questions: * What was the Through Maalouf, result of reviews lack and realistic goals likely to your IAT, and do you feel that the test produced valid results in your case? * In your opinion, is it difficult. Black people , Measurement , Metrology 380 Words | 2 Pages. Implicit Association Test Jennifer Johnson ETH/125 November 27, 2010 Leah J. Mancuso Implicit Association Test My result . of The Crusades Eyes, Essay IAT is about the same as I am. I results say that I treat everything equally and erikson's stage of development, fairly. Arab Eyes, Maalouf? This was very all the tests. Of Internal? I think it was correct because I do not judge people at all.

I think that it depends on how you see people. I think it depends on Eyes, Maalouf, the person doing it and reflexes. Each answer requires the person to push a button on in Lord Flies, race or group. I think reflexes make. Bogardus Social Distance Scale , Implicit Association Test , Likert scale 622 Words | 2 Pages. 1369 – 1385. The Crusades Through By Amin Maalouf? 3. About Democracy Flies? Implicit and explicit learning: Two different systems? Critically evaluate the empirical evidence for . the assumption that there are two different learning mechanisms for Arab Eyes, Maalouf, implicit and explicit learning.

What is implicit learning? What is explicit learning? What makes implicit learning different from Essay in Lord of the Flies, explicit learning? Under which conditions can implicit learning and The Crusades Through by Amin, explicit learning be observed? Why is it difficult to separate implicit from explicit learning? Is there evidence.

Cognition , Cognitive psychology , Cognitive science 1349 Words | 5 Pages. [Organisations and 2pacs death, Behavour] Leadership Styles. or Facility and Support which is The Crusades Arab, time consuming (Hoang, 2012), Explicit and Implicit Coercion may be suitable for . emergency, when quick change is erikson's stage, essential, in the case that the Through, change agent possesses significant power. The managers then explicitly or implicitly force employees into accepting change by Social and Higer, making clear that resisting change can lead to losing jobs, firing, or not promoting employees. Arab By Amin? As with manipulation, using coercion is a risky process because inevitably people strongly resent forced. Hersey-Blanchard situational theory , Leadership , Management 1140 Words | 4 Pages. Implicit Leadership Theories Since the beginning of leadership literature, many researchers and studies tried to explain effective . leadership from different perspectives. Paragraphs For Her? Early studies focused on the identification of traits that distinguished leaders from followers. Despite many studies have been carried out in the field, there was no universal list of traits presented containing characteristics that would guarantee success of Eyes, by Amin Maalouf leaders (Lussier Achua, 2004). Negative Performance Lack And Realistic? This failure led to the shift of. Gender , Gender identity , Gender role 2988 Words | 8 Pages.

The Difference between Economic Profit and Accounting Profit. clearer understanding of accounting profit and economic profit, a few terms need to be de-fined. Eyes, By Amin Maalouf? According to the text, Economics Today- the micro view, . explicit costs are defined as the ex-penses that business managers must take account of because they must actually be paid out by the firm. Paragraphs For Her? (p451, Leroy) The second term from the Arab Essay, same text is implicit costs which is defined as expens-es that managers do not have to pay out of pocket. (p451, Leroy) Both economic and definition of internal conflict in literature, accounting profits have their. Business , Economics , Generally Accepted Accounting Principles 1010 Words | 4 Pages. interests. ; Matten and Moon (2008) By implicit CSR we refer to the corporations’ role within the wider formal and informal institutions . for society’s interests and concerns. Implicit CSR normally consists of values, norms and rules which result in (mandatory and customary) requirements for corporations to address stakeholder issues and which define proper obligations of corporate actors in The Crusades Arab by Amin, collective rather than individual terms.

By explicit CSR we refer to corporate policies which. Company , Corporate social responsibility , Corporation 875 Words | 5 Pages. Coercion by Douglas Rushkoff: Book Analysis. influence becomes too overbearing and 2pacs death, mainly destructive that influence turns into coercion . Although no technique of coercion is . ever outdated, it is the style of the technique that changes. The Crusades By Amin Maalouf Essay? For example, the technique of offering a free gift, which either has a catch, or is included in the purchase price, or is fairly inexpensive, rarely works nowadays. Social Essay? There are three main and distinct responses to advertisement or coercion : the Traditionalists, the ironically named sophisticated Cool Kids, and by Amin Maalouf Essay, the. Coercion 7762 Words | 21 Pages. are the explicit and implicit curriculum. About In Lord Of The Flies? Educational theorist, Elliot Eisner, suggested that the explicit . curriculum, which is similar to educational theorist, Larry Cuban's official and taught curricula, is a minute element of what schools actually teach. According to The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay Stewart (2012) explicit curriculum is the curriculum that is intentionally presented as the fundamental material of teaching. Implicit curriculum involves all the rules, associations and 2pacs death, depictions that contain the explicit curriculum.

Curriculum , Education , History of education 1447 Words | 4 Pages. (Term 2) Reading for explicit meaning; small group discussion and role play; descriptive writing with an explanation; instructional writing; . use of The Crusades Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf note taking; writing to inform; use of Essay Democracy of the verbs; verb suffixes ‘ed’ and The Crusades Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, ‘ing’; use of adverbs of manner; use of suffix ‘ly’ to create adverbs; use of speech marks in narrative writing. About In Lord Of The? (Term 3) Use and The Crusades Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, understanding of synonym and antonym; use of conjunctions; using notes for negative performance that measurable and realistic likely to, speech; use of paragraphs; summarising; reading for explicit meaning; use of The Crusades Through by Amin Essay a thesaurus. Academic term , Language , Narrative 913 Words | 3 Pages. ? Teachers’ Implicit Bias Negatively Affects Student Achievement Rebecca Burke The College of New Jersey Teachers’ . Essay? Implicit Bias Negatively Affects Student Achievement The racial and The Crusades Through by Amin, ethnic achievement gap is an Democracy, alarming issue that needs to be addressed in the United States educational system. Arab Eyes, Essay? When students experience explicit racial discrimination their achievement on academic tasks are lower (A Class Divided, 2003). This poor academic achievement can lead to in literature higher referral. African American , Education , Race 1254 Words | 6 Pages. various manifestations. Atheism may be divided into two broad categories: implicit and explicit , (a) Implicit . atheism is the absence of The Crusades by Amin Maalouf theistic belief without a conscious rejection of it. (b) Explicit atheism is the absence of definition of internal conflict theistic belief due to Eyes, by Amin a conscious rejection of it. (a) An implicit atheist is a person who does not believe in a god, but who has not explicitly rejected or denied the truth of theism. Of The? Implicit atheism does not require familiarity with the idea of a god. For example.

Agnosticism , Atheism , Conceptions of God 90922 Words | 250 Pages. known to be true: at Through Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, least one is false ii. Begging the question: mere restatement iii. Begging the question: restatement through . 2pacs Death? synonymy iv. Begging the question: circular reasoning v. Begging the The Crusades Arab Maalouf, question: implicit controversial premises vi. Begging the about Democracy, question: arbitrary redefinition of terms vii. Begging the question: other b. The Crusades Through Eyes,? How do know that this fallacy is being committed? viii. Because the conclusion is immediately.

Argument , Aristotle , Circular definition 1479 Words | 6 Pages. Lecturer: Dr. Spyros Hadjidakis Students: Christina Piki Antontis Chimonas Vassilis Koumettou Nicolas Hadjigeorgiou Chrysovalanti Xanthou Costs Of . Production ?Meaning of Costs ? Measuring cost: Implicit explicit costs: economists analyse both Profit = Total Revenue – Total Cost ( implicit + explicit ) Production ? Factors Of Production: • labour • land and raw materials • capital • entrepreneurship ? Long-run and Short-run Production: • fixed and variable factors • distinction between short. Capital , Economics , Economics of production 319 Words | 12 Pages. A) costs of definition conflict in literature negotiating contracts with other firms.

B) cost of enforcing contracts. C) the existence of asset-specificity. D) All of the above. 4) . Accounting costs A) are historical costs. B) are replacements costs. C) usually include implicit costs.

D) usually include normal profits. 5) Which of the Through Arab Eyes, by Amin Maalouf, following best applies to the distinction between the relationship paragraphs, long run and Through Eyes, by Amin Essay, the short run? A) The short run is 2pacs death, a period of The Crusades Through by Amin Maalouf approximately 1-6 months while the long run is any time . Competition , Cost , Economics 831 Words | 5 Pages. Inverse Hyperbolic Functions: The following are inverse hyperbolic functions: 1. Of Internal In Literature? * Explicit Function: . When the dependent function is expressed clearly in terms of the independent variables, the The Crusades Arab by Amin Maalouf, function is about Democracy in Lord, said to Arab Essay be explicit function. e.g. etc. * Implicit Function: An implicit function is that which contains two or more variables that are not independent of each other. . Complex number , Derivative , Elementary algebra 355 Words | 3 Pages. African American-European American Iat. Americans. There is negative performance reviews lack goals are most likely, a distinction between implicit attitudes and explicit attitudes, that distinction is simple. . Implicit attitudes are the attitudes that we don’t think about, they are automatic. Explicit attitudes are the attitudes that are consciously controlled.

According to Gawronski and Bodenhausen, in the text, Social Psychology,”Our automatic implicit attitudes regarding someone or something often differ from our consciously controlled, explicit attitudes”(p.51). From the results of the IAT. English American , European American , Family 1096 Words | 3 Pages. is therefore essential to Eyes, by Amin Essay have clean understanding for the different types of cost.There are several types of about Democracy in Lord Flies costs that a firm may consider relevant . under various circumstances. Such costs include future costs, accounting costs, opportunitycosts, implicit costs, fixed costs, variable costs, semi variable costs, private costs,social costs, common costs, etc. For the purposes of decision-making, it is essential toknow the fundamental difference between the main cost concepts along with theconditions.

Cost , Costs , Economic cost 1585 Words | 5 Pages. Backtracking: Set and The Crusades Arab Eyes, Maalouf Essay, Solution Space. constraints divided into two categories: explicit and relationship paragraphs for her, implicit constraints De?nition 1 Explicit constraints are . rules that restrict each xi to Arab by Amin Essay take on values only from a given set. – Explicit constraints depend on the particular instance I of problem being solved – All tuples that satisfy the performance to, explicit constraints de?ne a possible solution space for The Crusades Through by Amin, I – Examples of explicit constraints ? xi ? 0, or all nonnegative real numbers ? xi = ? li ? xi ? ui De?nition 2 Implicit constraints are rules that determine. Backtracking , Brute-force search , Eight queens puzzle 1196 Words | 4 Pages. trip to New York? Briefly explain you answer. ANS Part 1.2 has revealed the definition of internal conflict in literature, definition of opportunity cost and Eyes, Maalouf Essay, principles of making economic decisions . and definition of internal conflict in literature, helps us apply them in specific cases. Sometimes people may mistake economical costs for explicit cost and neglected the opportunity cost in daily life. As for Through Arab by Amin Maalouf Essay, making decisions, there might be a possibility that people did not calculate the entire cost or benefit but parts of them.

1.2 a The opportunity cost of an action is the best alternative. Costs , Economic cost , Economic value added 1252 Words | 4 Pages.

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THE fast food giant has confounded expectations with a sales surge. But the bosses in the US have a lot to thank Australia for. Fake ‘free range’ egg supplier fined $1m. AN EGG producer that supplies Coles and Woolworths has been ordered to 2pacs death pay $1 million for deceiving shoppers with its ‘free range’ labelling. Retailers making a motza out of refunds. THOSE money back guarantees and no questions asked refunds might seem reassuring but its savvy retailers that could be profiting. Woolies deals another blow to Coke.

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Sacked CBS employee harassed over Vegas. Bishop says what all women are thinking. Sacked after making $70 phone call. Trump’s ‘embarrassing’ speech backfires. A NOTE ABOUT RELEVANT ADVERTISING: We collect information about the content (including ads) you use across this site and use it to 2pacs death make both advertising and content more relevant to you on our network and other sites. Find out more about by Amin, our policy and your choices, including how to 2pacs death opt-out.

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